Responding to health risks along the value chain

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Responding to health risks along the value chain

  1. 1. Responding to Health Risks along the value chain Pippa Chenevix Trench Clare Narrod Devesh Roy Marites Tiongco Will Collier IFPRI Food and Water Safety Team Team lead: Clare NarrodINTERNATIONAL FOOD POLICY RESEARCH INSTITUTE
  2. 2. Health Risks1.9 Million 4.5 Billiondeaths – 64.2 75 percent of people inmillion DALY emerging diseases developinglost annually and 61 percent of countries1.6 million pathogens known chronicallydeaths due to to affect humans exposed todiarrhea in are zoonotic in Aflatoxin Source: Tilman et al.children <5 origin (CDC) (2001) Science(WHO)Microbiological Chemical and Physical Occupational
  3. 3. Factors driving an increase in health hazards Urban population>Rural population 2009 (UN HABITAT) 10% of the world’s population consume foods produced with wastewater by irrigation (Smit & Nasr, 1992)Increasing population Changing income Urbanization Water scarcityand food demands - changing diets
  4. 4. Health risks and the value chainInputs & Production Storage, Transport , Handling Processing
  5. 5. Livelihoods Risks
  6. 6. Impacts greatest on the poorInformation Health services Capacity and credibility Costs of compliance
  7. 7. Opportunities?
  8. 8. Market access for High Value Products Technology, collective action, resource providing contracts
  9. 9. Willingness to Willingness to pay invest (consumer/self (Producer) consumption) CREDIBLE OVERSIGHT, INFORMATION STANDARDS ON HEALTH TECHNOLOGY RISKS BENEFITS OVERSIGHT PriceImprove Improve premium Increased income health for safe income food
  10. 10. Low value staples
  11. 11. Food safety is a crucial element of food security Incentives to produce safe food • Financial, political, social, technical • Incentives to improve production and food handling systems • Strengthen oversight • Risk based analysis and interventions • Engage stakeholders along entire value chain

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