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Getting Technologies into Use: Adoption of “Climate-Smart Practices"


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Presentation "Getting Technologies into Use: Adoption of Climate-Smart Practices in Nyando, Kenya" by Ruth Meinzen-Dick, IFPRI. Presented at Food Security in a World of Growing Natural Resource Scarcity event on February 12, 2014.

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Getting Technologies into Use: Adoption of “Climate-Smart Practices"

  1. 1. Getting Technologies into Use: Adoption of “Climate-Smart Practices” in Nyando, Kenya Food Security in a World of Changing Climate and Natural Resource Scarcity: The Role of Agricultural Technologies February 12, 2014 Ruth Meinzen-Dick Photo: K. Trautmann
  2. 2. • Production Systems in Nyando: – Maize – Sorghum – Sugarcane – Local, crossbreed, and dairy livestock • Largely subsistence farms • Challenges: – Soil erosion, declining soil fertility, drought stress, and flooding – High poverty rates, labor shortages, low productivity, and poor health/nutritional status Who is using Climate-Smart Practices? Photos K. Troutmann, V. Atakos, K. Troutmann
  3. 3. • Despite years of promotion, low adoption of agroforestry • Relatively high adoption of high yield varieties, but extremely low for stress tolerant Low Adoption of CSA practices…. Photo: K. Troutmann
  4. 4. • Extension and promotion efforts not reaching all respondents • Gender is often a significant variable for awareness • Other factors affecting awareness: education, spousal awareness, innovative/traditional motivations, access to different sources of information But, Adoption starts with Awareness Photo: K. Troutmann
  5. 5. • After accounting for awareness, does not seem that gender itself is a constraint • Other variables considered: impacts of shocks, female decision making, tenure security, coordination, access to weather forecasting, access to credit • No single clear story of what increases adoption Do Women Adopt Less than Men?
  6. 6. Adoption: More than an Individual Decision Time Short Long S p a c e Farm Com- munity Nation Property Rights C o o r d i n a t i o n State CollectiveAction Forests Watershed management Terracing New seeds AgroforestrySoil Carbon Integrated Pest Management Irrigation Seed Systems Group
  7. 7. • It’s complicated and depends on the technologies • Role of credit, information sources, land tenure, collective action • Past experiences suggest that many institutional variables are important CSA Adoption and Awareness in Nyando Photos: K. Troutmann
  8. 8. Conclusions Technology adoption depends on context: social and institutional, not just biophysical Need to continue paying attention to effective and efficient ways of reaching farmers (women as well as men) and to encourage the adoption of these technologies Photos: V. Atakos