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Opportunities for future research and innovation on food and nutrition security and agriculture - The IAP ‘s global perspective

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Joachim von Braun
POLICY SEMINAR
Transforming Food Systems to Deliver Healthy, Sustainable Diets : The View from the World’s Science Academies
Co-Organized by IFPRI and InterAcademy Partnership
FEB 14, 2019 - 12:15 PM TO 01:45 PM EST

Published in: Government & Nonprofit
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Opportunities for future research and innovation on food and nutrition security and agriculture - The IAP ‘s global perspective

  1. 1. Opportunities for future research and innovation on food and nutrition security and agriculture - The IAP ‘s global perspective Synthesis by IAP based on fours regional academy network studies (2018) Joachim von Braun, Center for Development Research (ZEF) Bonn University, Seminar at IFPRI Feb 14th, 2019
  2. 2. Noting regional differences and global commonalities • Regions differ… • But there are global issues of common interest: – Basic sciences in the globalizing research and innovation system – global trade, prices and investment – Consumption and nutrition behaviour – Transboundary environmental issues (climate, water, health risks) – More … 2
  3. 3. The Framing of the IAP global considerations i) Science to strengthen and safeguard international public goods ii) International environmental and institutional risks and opportunities, and their transmission in a connected world In support of the SDGs… important policy framework, but require fresh engagement by science 3
  4. 4. Taking note of the big global food, nutrition and agricultural systems failures 1. Stunting 2. Hungry, undernourished people 3. Micronutrient deficiencies 4. Obesity 5. Unsafe foods 6. Poverty on the world’s small farms 7. Low ag. productivity in many parts of the world 8. High food losses and waste 9. Environmental destructions 4
  5. 5. 5 IAP conceptual framework – the food system J. von Braun (2017) Science impacts all components and their linkages
  6. 6. The 3 broad recommendations of IAP global report 1. internationally supporting and sharing basic and applied research for improved food, nutrition and agriculture; a call for more coordinated action on priority themes of international relevance among different research funders 2. translation of research to innovation, requires stronger connections across disciplines and with cutting edge technologies; linkage to science education, training and outreach; social science and policy research to enter in deep cooperation with life sciences and basic research 3. Upgrading scientific infrastructure; more collaboration between countries, to share scientific expertise and facilities; build capacity in emerging economies 6
  7. 7. The 7 recommendations for international scientific priorities of the IAP global report 1. Developing sustainable food and nutrition systems, taking a systems perspective to deliver health and well-being, linked to transformation towards the circular economy and bioeconomy.(Research agenda includes: understanding drivers of efficiency and risk worldwide; clarifying issues for fair and rules-based trade and equitable and resilient markets; exploring emerging post- harvesting opportunities in food science, technology and engineering, e.g. for food safety and food processing and reduction of food losses and waste.) 2. Emphasising transformation to a healthy diet and good nutrition. (Research agenda includes: Exploring how to influence consumer behavioral change and private sector actions for healthy food choices; assessing implications for diet and nutrition across the life span; understanding health co-benefits of climate change mitigation; studying mechanisms for the associations between diet-gut microbiome-disease). 3. Understanding food production and utilization issues, covering considerations of efficiency, sustainability, climate risks and diversity of resources. The research agenda for primary production includes: evaluating impacts of climate change on food systems and natural resources; assessing new farming structures and technologies; characterizing options for neglected and new food and feed sources, and for food from the oceans/aquaculture and for diversified food systems in response to regional and cultural differences. 7
  8. 8. The 7 recommendations for international scientific priorities of the IAP global report (cont.) 4. Capitalising on opportunities coming within range in the biosciences and other rapidly advancing sciences.The research agenda includes: improving crop protection from abiotic and biotic stress; promoting animal health and feed conversion efficiency; clarifying how technology can augment precision agriculture e.g. using sensors to collect and monitor agronomic information. 5. Addressing the food-energy-nutrients-water-health nexus. (The research agenda includes: risk and opportunity in different ecosystem services related to water and land use systems; bioeconomy and circular economy issues; improving the evidence base for cost-effective soil management and for assessment of transboundary air pollution and diseases.) 6. Promoting activity at the science-policy interfaces and reconciling policy disconnects. Agenda includes: reform of international trade frameworks, robust but flexible and proportionate regulation of emerging technologies, international standards in food safety, scientific community engagement with the users of research and the public-at-large. 7. Consolidating and coordinating international science advisory mechanisms. Constituting an International Panel for Food and Nutrition Security and Agriculture, thereby serving to strengthen science strategies in these fields of vital importance for the world population and support international governance mechanisms and policy with evidence. 8
  9. 9. 4 Actions to be taken by the Academies i) International advisory roles – supporting existing strategic collaborations such as G7 and G20 and participating in the proposed International Panel on Food and Nutrition Security and Agriculture. ii) Science policy advisory capacity-development – by sharing knowledge and expertise within the regional academy networks. iii) Monitoring progress in science and innovation – at national, regional and global levels, including helping to clarify issues for cutting edge research, technologies and innovation. iv) Science and technology capacity-building – within the broader community, at national, regional and global levels, including contributing to enhancing collaboration and building critical mass. 9

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