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Jennifer Smolak & Dalia Yassin • 2017 IFPRI Egypt Seminar Series: Food Loss and Waste in Egypt


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Jennifer Smolak & Dalia Yassin • 2017 IFPRI Egypt Seminar Series: Food Loss and Waste in Egypt

  1. 1. FAO’s Approach and Experience to Food Loss and Waste Reduction Jennifer Smolak Nutrition and Food Systems Officer FAO Representation in Egypt October 2017 / IFPRI Egypt Seminar in partnership with FAO: "Food Loss and Waste in Egypt"
  2. 2. What is Food Loss and Waste? 2 FOOD LOSS: • The Edible parts of plants and animals intended as food for humans, but not ultimately consumed (loss (loss in mass, energy, economic or nutrition value) • quantitative or qualitative • Due to managerial and technical limitations in harvesting techniques, storage, processing, transportation, and marketing system, along food value chains:
  3. 3. What is Food Loss and Waste 3 FOOD WASTE Mainly at consumption stage, linked to consumer behaviour, customs and habits, retail practices, or inappropriate policy and regulations which distort consumption, such as subsidies and standards. Definitional Framework of Food Loss (FAO, 2014) Available from
  4. 4. Why is FLW important? In the Near East and North Africa region, ~ 210 kg/capita/year (mass) 594 kcal/capita/day (energy) 1/3 of food • Over $60 billion lost per year, or about $120 per capita (conservative estimate) • Natural resources losses due to FLW, o Water: 42 km3 /year lost to produce, handle, distribute lost or wasted food o Land: 360 million Ha/year occupied by FLW o Fertilizer, energy, labour, greenhouse gases... 4
  5. 5. Why is FLW reduction important? The challenge of food security... • Growing populations and food demand • Natural resource constraints to production • Rising food prices, cost of living • Triple burden of malnutrition • Climate change etc.. The challenge in food systems...  Dominance of smallholder farmers, traditional distribution  Low levels of value addition  Weak markets (information, infrastructure, legal and finance, enforcement of standards and regulations, SPS, business support services, etc)  Consumer shifts; growing urban markets, super/hypermarkets, preferences 5 SOURCE: High Level Panel of Experts on Food Security and Nutrition. Committee on World Food Security, June 2014
  6. 6. FLW Reduction… finding solutions 6 √ ? ? √ √ Magnitude of food losses in food supply chains Benefits of food loss reduction Impact and feasibility of solutions Importance of different causes Causes of food losses in food supply chains
  7. 7. FLW Reduction… finding solutions Value chain approach ↔ Viable business case for firms Feasibility / effectiveness of interventions: - technically - economically - nutritionally, food security - environmentally - socially and culturally - food quality and safety 7
  8. 8. SAVE FOOD: Global Initiative on Food Loss and Waste Reduction 8
  9. 9. FLW Reduction in the NENA region • FAO Regional Conference for the Near East (May 2012): Request from Member countries for support in addressing FLW reduction in the Near East by conducting comprehensive studies on impact of FLW in the region and in establishing a plan to: REDUCE FOOD LOSSES AND WASTE IN THE REGION BY 50 % WITHIN 10 YEARS • Regional Strategic Framework for FLW Reduction in Near East and North Africa (2014): 9 DATA GATHERING, ANALYTICAL RESEARCH AND KNOWLEDGE GENERATION AWARENESS RAISING, PROMOTING GOOD PRACTICES PROMOTING INVESTMENT AND ENGAGING THE PRIVATE SECTOR POLICIES, REGULATIONS & STRENGTHEN COLLABORATION AND COORDINATION
  10. 10. FAO projects in Egypt Capacity development & awareness- raising for Wheat FLW reduction • Training-of-trainer: 24 trainers • Training-by-traininer: 451 trainees (students, researchers, extension agents, cooperative members) Fish loss reduction project • Fish loss assessment • Capacity development (ToT) • Study policy and regulatory framework for Fish Loss *Nouakchott Declaration (2013) 10
  11. 11. FAO projects in Egypt “Food Losses and Waste (FL&W) Reduction and Value Chain Development for Food Security in Egypt and Tunisia” (2015-2018) → Support agro-enterprises and producers organizations to reduce FLW through improved value chains, better postharvest handling, and more effective marketing of primary and value-added food products. Egypt component: → Value chains: tomato & grapes → Region: Nubaria, Sharqia → Food Loss assessment and value chain study → market-oriented solutions 11
  12. 12. FAO projects in Egypt “Food Losses and Waste (FL&W) Reduction and Value Chain Development for Food Security in Egypt and Tunisia” (2015-2018) 12 Objectives: → Generate knowledge and data on FLW, and monitor loss levels. → Technical and managerial capacity development → Technologies and good practices → improved business linkages
  13. 13. Way forward for FLW reduction • Country-led process: Coherent, evidence-based national plans for FLW reduction, aligned with national strategies and agriculture sector development plans; regional collaboration • Multi-stakeholder approach: Engagement and consultation with all stakeholders, build partnerships; focus at all levels-from production to consumption, across disciplines (nutrition, education, health, industry..) and public, private and civil society • Monitoring and assessment: Setting and measuring indicators for FLW reduction; Deepening understanding of FLW within the national and regional food security context • Investments for improving food chain efficiency: commitment to mobilize human and financial resources, as well as access to capital. 13
  14. 14. Food Loss and Waste Monitoring & Evaluation Unit in Egypt Activity under “Food Loss and Waste Reduction and Value Chain Development for Food Security in Egypt and Tunisia” GCP/RNE/004/ITA Dalia Yassin Senior Researcher Agriculture Economic Research Institute Agriculture Research Center 25 October 2017 / IFPRI Egypt Seminar in partnership with FAO "Food Loss and Waste in Egypt"
  15. 15. Absence of data & information exchange Lack of awareness & technical capacity For FLW reductionlack of accurate FLW data High rate of food loss and waste along value chain Individual and separate efforts Poor agricultural practices (pre and post harvest) Different concepts for FWL Absence of entity for FLW reduction Low productivity and competitiveness Low income of producers Loss of scarce natural resources Shortage of food availability Negative economic , social and environmental impact Negative impact on food security Poor linkage & coordination between stakeholders of food value chain
  16. 16. Food Loss and Waste Monitoring in Egypt Current Situation • High rate of food loss and waste along value chain . • Different concepts. • Separate efforts from all stakeholders to reduce food loss and waste. Related Strategy Reducing pre- and post-harvest food loss is an important tool to achieve one of strategic objectives of (SADS- 2030) “Achieving higher rates of food security for agricultural commodities
  17. 17. Goal Establish an entity to be a platform for different efforts with common understanding towards FLW reduction in agriculture products in Egypt ,and helping decision makers to develop policy, strategy and programs for FLW reduction. (As one of the main activities of FLW Reduction project)
  18. 18. FLW M&E Unit Vision A unit to improve the collection, transparency, analysis, availability and dissemination of data on FLW at all stages of the food value chain, and provide a platform for all stakeholders to work together in a coordinated way to reduce FLW in food systems and contribute to food security and nutrition in Egypt. FLW M&E Unit Mission Catalyzing and promoting a common understanding of the nature and scope of FLW through adapting improved food loss assessment methodologies and establishing a national partnership and alliance of public and private sector organizations with commitment towards reducing FLW and strengthening food security.
  19. 19. Thank you "