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Quinn Bernier, Elizabeth Bryan, Marcia Espinal,
and Claudia Ringler*
(c.ringler@cgiar.org)
Integrating Gender into Climate...
Methods for Research and Capacity
Needs Assessment
• Literature review of INGO strategy documents
for gender integration i...
Background of Respondents (KAP)
Organization type Freq. Percent
Government ministries/national
research organizations 13 1...
Knowledge of Research on Gender and
Climate Change
Source: Authors, KAP survey 2015
2.9
2.7
2.3
2.5 2.5
2.8
3.4
3.0
3.1 3....
Knowledge of Research on Gender and
Climate Change
• A wide range of information sources are used
from websites to peer-re...
Insights from KIIs on Knowledge of Research
• Lack of access to local, context-specific
research and data on gender and cl...
Attitudes: Gaps in Project Design, Targeting,
Implementation, and M&E on Gender & Adaptation
1.0
1.2
0.5
1.1
3.1
2.9
3.6
3...
Attitudes: Gaps in Project Design and Targeting
Source: Authors, KAP survey 2015
• Gaps in Project Design
– Largest gaps o...
Attitudes: Gaps in Implementation and M&E
Source: Authors, KAP survey 2015
• Gaps in implementation
– Most organizations h...
Insights from KIIs on Attitudes
• Retro-fitting gender to existing programs is common
• Gender components are treated casu...
Practices: Insights from KIIs
• Lack of funding and capacity to support gender-
sensitive research and M&E
• Not enough fo...
Constraints to Implementing Gender-Sensitive
Adaptation Programs
(1=not a constraint, 3=average constraint, 5=significant ...
Insights from KIIs on Constraints
• Funding is the main barrier identified by KII
participants
• They also highlighted lac...
Conclusions – Information and
Capacity Needs
• Although organizations reported some access
to information and research on ...
Conclusions – Information and
Capacity Needs
• Respondents highlighted the need for more
gender-disaggregated data and con...
Conclusions – Gender Integration
• Large gap in integrating gender considerations
during project design—need for more
info...
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Integrating Gender into Climate Change Adaptation Programs: A Research and Capacity Needs Assessment for Sub-Saharan Africa

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Quinn Bernier, Elizabeth Bryan, Marcia Espinal,
and Claudia Ringler

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Integrating Gender into Climate Change Adaptation Programs: A Research and Capacity Needs Assessment for Sub-Saharan Africa

  1. 1. Quinn Bernier, Elizabeth Bryan, Marcia Espinal, and Claudia Ringler* (c.ringler@cgiar.org) Integrating Gender into Climate Change Adaptation Programs: A Research and Capacity Needs Assessment for Sub- Saharan Africa
  2. 2. Methods for Research and Capacity Needs Assessment • Literature review of INGO strategy documents for gender integration into adaptation/ resilience programs (focus on 7 organizations) • Development of knowledge, attitudes and practices (KAP) survey based on best practices • Key informant interviews (KIIs) with selected KAP respondents
  3. 3. Background of Respondents (KAP) Organization type Freq. Percent Government ministries/national research organizations 13 16.3 Local NGOs 17 21.3 International NGOs 23 28.8 International research organizations/universities 11 13.8 Donor organizations 9 11.3 Private company/consultancy 7 8.8 Source: Authors, KAP survey 2015
  4. 4. Knowledge of Research on Gender and Climate Change Source: Authors, KAP survey 2015 2.9 2.7 2.3 2.5 2.5 2.8 3.4 3.0 3.1 3.1 3.2 3.53.6 3.6 2.8 3.2 3.2 3.5 0.0 0.5 1.0 1.5 2.0 2.5 3.0 3.5 4.0 Research findings on climate change as it relates to gender Guidelines for integrating gender perspectives to the different project cycle stages Gender-disaggregated data related to climate change Gender-disaggregated data in general Tools and resources for gender-aware climate change adaptation approaches Evidence on projected climate change and appropriate adaptive responses (1=no access, 3=average access, 5=complete access) Government ministries/national research organizations (13) Local NGOs (17) International NGOs (23) All organizations (80)
  5. 5. Knowledge of Research on Gender and Climate Change • A wide range of information sources are used from websites to peer-reviewed papers to conferences • Preferences for different sources of information vary by organization type in obvious ways: – Researchers prefer peer-reviewed publications – Local NGOs prefer conferences – INGOs prefer websites
  6. 6. Insights from KIIs on Knowledge of Research • Lack of access to local, context-specific research and data on gender and climate change • Need for more success stories and experiences to be shared amongst organizations • Desired research products include toolkits, training guides, success stories and best practices
  7. 7. Attitudes: Gaps in Project Design, Targeting, Implementation, and M&E on Gender & Adaptation 1.0 1.2 0.5 1.1 3.1 2.9 3.6 3.2 4.1 4.1 4.1 4.2 0.0 0.5 1.0 1.5 2.0 2.5 3.0 3.5 4.0 4.5 All organizations Government agencies/research organizations Local NGOs International NGOs Personal opinion Actual practice Gap 1=not important, 3=average importance, and 5=very important
  8. 8. Attitudes: Gaps in Project Design and Targeting Source: Authors, KAP survey 2015 • Gaps in Project Design – Largest gaps of any project stage – Organizations can do more to: • Consult men and women during project design • Ensure technologies and practices are feasible for both men and women • Consider the implications of the project for men and women • Gaps in Targeting – Organizations should consider the intersection of gender with other social categories (e.g. class, ethnicity)
  9. 9. Attitudes: Gaps in Implementation and M&E Source: Authors, KAP survey 2015 • Gaps in implementation – Most organizations have male and female staff – Large gap in training on integrating gender – More could be done to eliminate barriers to women’s participation in program activities • Gaps in M&E – Tracking of men’s and women’s participation is commonly done – Larger gap in monitoring gender differences in adoption and outcomes
  10. 10. Insights from KIIs on Attitudes • Retro-fitting gender to existing programs is common • Gender components are treated casually or are neglected—gender components and M&E are first on the chopping block when there are funding shortages • Preferences of the end-users (men and women) regarding a technology are not considered • Local NGOs and government agencies target community benefits vs individual benefits and emphasize local buy-in of projects • While not directly targeted, many beneficiaries happen to be female given women’s role in agriculture
  11. 11. Practices: Insights from KIIs • Lack of funding and capacity to support gender- sensitive research and M&E • Not enough focus on qualitative data collection and overemphasis on numbers • Qualitative data would show whether climate change programs increase adaptive capacity and measure changes in behavior and attitudes/perceptions • Need for gender-disaggregated data collection from the start of projects to serve as a baseline
  12. 12. Constraints to Implementing Gender-Sensitive Adaptation Programs (1=not a constraint, 3=average constraint, 5=significant constraint) Source: Authors, KAP survey 2015 0 0.5 1 1.5 2 2.5 3 3.5 4 4.5 5 Availability and/or access to relevant research on gender and climate changed adaptation Social or cultural barriers to women's participation in DM at the HH, communirty, or National level Availability and/or access to gender- disaggregated data Willingness of local gov/communities to involve women projects/programs Availability of financial resources from donors to incentivize gender sensisite programming Capacity of program staff in areas of gender Government Local NGO Int'l NGO average
  13. 13. Insights from KIIs on Constraints • Funding is the main barrier identified by KII participants • They also highlighted lack of women in decision- making roles • Lack of community awareness of gender issues— “gender” often equated with women only • Lack of staff capacity on gender and cc • There is a lag in translating policy mandates into programs on the ground. Pressure from donors and others is needed to ensure follow-through
  14. 14. Conclusions – Information and Capacity Needs • Although organizations reported some access to information and research on climate change from various sources, all want more • Government agencies/national research institutes have the least access to information • Local NGOs, in particular, felt that information was not being shared amongst organizations • Need for culturally-sensitive training materials on gender and climate change
  15. 15. Conclusions – Information and Capacity Needs • Respondents highlighted the need for more gender-disaggregated data and context-specific research • Building this knowledge base will require more research to be built into projects—this will require capacity building and tools • Information/research should be targeted through the preferred channels identified by organization types (e.g. through conferences for local NGOs) • Lack of staff capacity on gender, especially in govt. agencies and national research institutes
  16. 16. Conclusions – Gender Integration • Large gap in integrating gender considerations during project design—need for more information on gender-disaggregated preferences for technologies/practices • Local NGOs had the lowest gaps– their experience could provide insights into integrating gender considerations into programs through a community/participatory approach • Need pressure from the top (donors) to ensure follow through on gender

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