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Integrating FSF into Farming Systems and Value Chain Development Promoting Agriculture Diversification: A Case Study at the Provincial Level

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Khamphou Phouyyavong
IFPRI-FAO conference side event, "Accelerating the End of Hunger and Malnutrition"
November 28–30, 2018
Bangkok, Thailand

Published in: Government & Nonprofit
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Integrating FSF into Farming Systems and Value Chain Development Promoting Agriculture Diversification: A Case Study at the Provincial Level

  1. 1. Integrating FSF into farming systems and value chain development promoting agriculture diversification A case study at provincial level Lao PDR.
  2. 2. Introduction Hunger, food insecurity, and malnutrition are some of the major challenges for both national and global level, which influences social and economic development. Hence, further fields study to the grass root level need to be conducted to explore and focus on analyzing the obstacles, challenges and possible solutions (policy, technical, socio-economic and institutional) at all stages of production, post-harvest management, marketing and consumption of selected FSF in the local context through multi-dimensional.. The FSF have been considered as a promising intervention to address the loss of biodiversity, production diversity and dietary diversity towards malnutrition and climate change. Challenges limited the integrating FSF into existing farming system, promote production and marketing of FSF for income, food and nutrition security to contribute the zero hunger goals.
  3. 3. Description of study sites ▪ Upland, flat land along the road to the West. ▪ Lowland and upland rice once a year, non-rice crops in lowland rice area during the dry seasons for cash through CF. ▪ More than 20 NTFPs collected and sell in Oudomxay. cardamom, dookduea (Lao name), broom grass, and makkha(Lao name)… ▪ All of NTFPs purchased by the company according to the quota permitted annually. ▪ Upland and plateau, flat land along the Sekong river. ▪ Upland with higher ABD, production for food security for local people. ▪ Cash crop in plateau, dry and wet season. ▪ Lowland and upland rice, lowland dry season is limited. ▪ Vulnerable to disaster, 2009 and 2016 serious damage of flooding
  4. 4. ▪ Incidence of malnutrition (LSIS II 2017) Stunting of Children Under 5 Country: 33% Oudomxay: 42.7 Xekong: 49.9 ▪ Rice is the main staple food ▪ Rural remote areas limited access to food sources and markets ▪ Higher chance for malnutrition than people urban areas. ▪ Food consumption less diversify, food taboos leading to the chance for malnutrition Food security and nutrition in study sites
  5. 5. Natural resources ABD
  6. 6. ▪ Conducted Field studies oFocus Group Discussions with smallholder farmers oObserve agriculture production oFarming systems oValue chain analysis ▪ Key informant interviews oGovernment agencies oLocal traders ▪ Local policy dialogue ▪ Challenges identified Understanding the situation at provincial level
  7. 7. ▪ Results of Field Studies o Farming systems (upland, paddy, cash crops-CF, Agro-forestry) o Value chain analysis (import large animal, pig…export rubber, cash crops, NTFPs…). NUS is very limited trade Understanding the situation at provincial level ▪ Challenges identified o Production: no technical and cultivation technique used for growing the selected NUS, demand exists the production techniques would need to be provided o Marketing: very limit market demand, processing and cooking is done in traditionally. o Consumption: low consumption of NUS/FSF due to lack of information of nutrient of NUS Collectfrom forest Collectfrom farm Fresh market/ Road-sidestall Processing Shops/stalls Fresh products e.g. black sesame e.g. black sesame oil Taro,pumpkinetc… e.g.makkounut e.g. nuts chili paste
  8. 8. ▪ Process of developing the strategy Strategy for integrating FSF • Propose solution to cope with mentioned challenges • Proposed activities and options and role of institution to address challenges •Technical challenges to ensure production •Processing/cooking •Consumption •Marketing • Resources • Farming systems • Scaling up of SA. • Value chain • Consumption Status Challenges Solutions Actions and role of institution • The strategy formulation was identified through the Local Policy Dialogue. • The development of the strategy was multi-stakeholder and considers views of different sectors. e.g., school feeding program also raised for encouraging of using rich nutrient NUS for children • Agriculture sector, trade and industry sector, planning and investment…
  9. 9. Proposed activities and roles of institutions. Strategy for integrating FSF Support needed from the national government ▪ Budget allocation ▪ Enabling policies ▪ Capacity building for local staff and farmers For example: proposed activities and options to address technical challenges. Task/Activity Responsibleagency Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry Others 1.1.Promote diversified and nutrient-rich NUS in to existing farming system 1.1.1. Integrated or rotation of NUS in existing farming system (agro-forestry, fallow area) -Land zoning: -Water supply: -Research/technical adjustment: -Agriculture extension techniques and supply production inputs: -Pest management/control: -Non-profit associations and development projects to participate in testing/piloting and extending various agriculture techniques to local farmers.
  10. 10. Platform for the Natural Biodiversity of Lao PDR (PhaKhaoLao) Mission Highlight the importance of agro-biodiversity for sustainable development in Lao PDR as well as provide practical resources for students, academics, policy makers, development professionals and the private sector.
  11. 11. oEnergy[2] oFood[162] oFibre[58] oIncome[214] oMedicine[180] oOil Extract[22] oOrnamental[107] oShelter[34] oResin / Latex[8] ▪ Attapeu[74] ▪ Salavan[65] ▪ Xaisomboun [85] ▪ Vientiane P[171] ▪ Vientiane C [149] ▪ Sekong[52] ▪ Sayabouly[71] ▪ Savannakhet[76] ▪ Phongsali[79] ▪ Bokeo[60] ▪ Oudomxay[113] ▪ Luang Prabang[178] ▪ Luang Namtha[72] ▪ Khammouane[92] ▪ Hua Phan[110] ▪ Champasak[84] ▪ Bolikhamsai[118] ▪ Xieng Khouang[167 Where we can fine these types of ABD277 types of which used for Recently the team filled in 277 types of ABD Use it – don't lose it!
  12. 12. Conclusions ▪ The agro-biodiversity is still rich in its ecosystems and species, many of these species are very important as they are used either directly or indirectly for food and income. ▪ Integrating FSF into existing farming system is possible, but it is still facing challenges to spill over. ▪ Drivers for adoption of systems/crops in each agro-ecological zone are similar such as physical and marketing factors. ▪ When we consider a specific system and its purpose, the factors vary base on the purpose and nature of particular crops. ▪ A platform for sharing information on ABD is available for farmers, technician, private sector and policy makers
  13. 13. Thank you! This is Lao Traditional Dining Plate or PhaKhaoLao

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