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IFPRI Policy Seminar "African Agricultural Research and Development Progress, Challenges, Opportunities" 7 April 2011

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Speakers:
Nienke Beintema
Eugene Terry
Greg Traxler

Held at IFPRI, Washington, DC on Thursday, 7 April 2011

Published in: Education
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IFPRI Policy Seminar "African Agricultural Research and Development Progress, Challenges, Opportunities" 7 April 2011

  1. 1. African Agricultural R&D Investments and Capacities: Trends and Challenges<br />Nienke Beintema<br />Head, Agricultural S&T Indicators (ASTI) initiative,IFPRI-Rome office<br />Presentation at the IFPRI Policy Seminar “African Agricultural Research and Development: Progress, Challenges, Opportunities”Washington, DC – April 7, 2011<br />
  2. 2. Outline<br /> Trends since 2001<br /> Key investment challenges<br /> Key human resource capacity challenges<br /> Recommended action points<br />
  3. 3. Importance of Agricultural R&D<br />R&D is a major contributor to economic growth and poverty reduction<br />Greater investments in R&D are crucial for productivity growth in SSA<br />Monitoring and benchmarking inputs, outputs, and performance of agricultural R&D is essential<br />NEPAD target: Allocation of at least 1 percent of GDP to R&D<br />
  4. 4. Investment and Capacity Trends in Africa<br /><ul><li>Overall, agricultural R&D investments and capacity increased by 20 percent during 2001-08
  5. 5. .</li></li></ul><li>Main Drivers of Spending Growth, 2001-08<br /><ul><li>Growth occurred in a few countries and focused on boosting low salaries and rehabilitating infrastructure/equipment.</li></li></ul><li>Who is Lagging Behind? <br /><ul><li>2001-08 marked by decline in 13 countries (including many in francophone West Africa). Decline started in 1990s for some.</li></li></ul><li>Investment Challenge: Underinvestment<br /><ul><li>In 2008, only 8 countries invested more than 1% of their AgGDP in agricultural R&D.</li></li></ul><li>Investment Challenge: High Donor-Dependency<br /><ul><li>Many countries are extremely dependent on donor funding and development bank loans.</li></li></ul><li>Investment Challenge: Volatility<br /><ul><li>Donor and government funding has been highly volatile, making viable research programs difficult. </li></ul>ZARI, Zambia<br />INRAN, Niger<br />
  6. 6. Capacity Challenge: Decreasing Qualifications<br /><ul><li>Shares of BSc-qualified staff have increased in some countries since 2000.</li></li></ul><li>Capacity Challenge: Influx of Young Researchers<br /><ul><li>Large influx of young scientists with BSc degrees, who need adequate training opportunities and mentoring.</li></li></ul><li>Capacity Challenge: High Staff Turnover<br /><ul><li>Many researchers left agencies due to low salaries/conditions of service. Many retired – more will retire in coming years.</li></li></ul><li>Key Areas that Governments, Donors, and Other Stakeholders Must Address<br /> Providing higher and more stable funding levels<br /> Addressing existing and imminent challenges in human resource capacity<br /> Maximizing regional and subregional cooperation in agricultural R&D<br />
  7. 7. Please visit www.asti.cgiar.org <br />Thank you<br />

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