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Global Hunger Index 2010 Launch Des Moines

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Global Hunger Index 2010 Launch
Des Moines, Iowa
by Marie Ruel
The Challenge of Hunger: Focus on the Crisis of Child Undernutrition

Published in: Education
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Global Hunger Index 2010 Launch Des Moines

  1. 1. African Proverb<br />The hunger of one …<br />… is the shame of all!<br />
  2. 2. Marie Ruel<br />IFPRI<br />October 14, 2010<br />Des Moines, Iowa<br />
  3. 3. Why a Global Hunger Index?<br /><ul><li>Raise awareness of regional and country differences in hunger
  4. 4. Help learnfrom successes and failures in hunger reduction
  5. 5. Provide incentives to act and improve international ranking
  6. 6. Focus on one special hunger-related topic every year</li></ul>Targeted to policymakers, donors, media, public<br />
  7. 7. GHI measures three dimensions of hunger<br /><ul><li>Undernourishment:(% population with insufficient food/calories)
  8. 8. Child malnutrition (% < 5 underweight)
  9. 9. Child mortality (<5 years)</li></li></ul><li>Looking at trends between 1990-2010<br />
  10. 10. Countries ranked on a 100-point scale<br />Min and max values not observed in practice<br />
  11. 11. There has been progress since 1990<br />24%<br />14%<br />25%<br />40%<br />33%<br />44%<br />
  12. 12. Country performance: by severity<br />29 countries: “alarming" or “extremely alarming” levels of hunger<br />
  13. 13. Country progress<br />
  14. 14. Winners and losers from 1990 GHI to 2010 GHI <br />Countries with both GHI 1990 and GHI 2010 less than five are excluded<br />
  15. 15. Fighting the Crisis of Early Childhood Undernutrition<br /><ul><li>Child underweight contributes 7.4 of 15.1 points to GHI score (nearly half):</li></ul>South Asia: underweight accounts for > half of score<br />SSAfrica: underweight has improved very slightly from 1990-2010 (from 27% to 24%)<br /><ul><li>Countries need to accelerate progress in improving child nutrition in order to improve their GHI scores</li></li></ul><li>
  16. 16. The perilous 1,000 days<br />-9 to 24 mo<br />Weight-for-height<br />Weight-for-age<br />Height-for-age<br />
  17. 17. Height for age by region<br />Europe & Central Asia<br />Latin America & the Caribbean<br />North Africa & the Near East<br />Sub-Saharan Africa<br />South Asia<br />
  18. 18. How to improve child nutrition?<br />
  19. 19. Policy recommendations<br />Target nutrition interventions to the window of opportunity<br />Tackle the underlying conditions that cause undernutrition<br />Fostergender equity<br />Prioritize nutrition in political and policy processes<br />Engage, empower, and ensure sustained support for local actors in the area of nutrition<br />
  20. 20. <ul><li>Available in English, German, Spanish, French, Italian
  21. 21. Download fromwww.ifpri.org
  22. 22. EmbedinteractiveWorldhungerMap
  23. 23. Wikipediaand Google Books
  24. 24. Availableas an interactivebook, as e-book, foryourKindle, iPad, or mobile phone</li>

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