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Global Food Policy Report 2018

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Shenggen Fan
2018 Global Food Policy Report
Washington, DC, USA
March 20, 2018 - 09:30 to 11:00 am EDT
1201 Eye St. NW, 12th Floor, Washington, DC 20005, USA

Published in: Government & Nonprofit
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Global Food Policy Report 2018

  1. 1. Shenggen Fan Director General International Food Policy Research Institute Washington, D.C. | March 20, 2018
  2. 2. ▪ Despite economic recovery, inequality is on the rise globally ▪ Global hunger is increasing, driven by conflicts and climate change ▪ Food production is strong and food prices are declining ▪ Anti-globalism and the changing global landscape may create further uncertainties PROGRESS, UNCERTAINTY & RISING ANTI-GLOBALISM Food policy in 2017-2018
  3. 3. GLOBAL INTEGRATION VS. ANTI-GLOBALISM VS.
  4. 4. GLOBAL FOOD SYSTEM UNDER RADICAL CHANGES Threats to investments Trade protectionism Knowledge & data flow restrictions Tightening borders Stalled farm policy reforms Weak global governance Anti-globalization Sentiments
  5. 5. FREE FLOW OF GOODS is key for food security and nutrition ▪ Open trade can contribute to • Food security • Improving nutrition through diversification of food baskets, producers, and suppliers • Reducing natural resource use and environmental impact ▪ Design targeted policies in human capital, resource management, and education to address trade-related challenges and externalities Water content embedded in international trade Source: Laborde 2017
  6. 6. INTERNATIONAL INVESTMENT benefits local food security ▪ International investment is key to eliminating hunger • Increases production, improves value chains, develops infrastructure, etc. ▪ Agribusiness investments benefit local food security ▪ Promote public-private partnerships for agro-infrastructure and inclusive business models Product and market focus of investors in agriculture Source: UNCTAD and World Bank
  7. 7. INTERNATIONAL MIGRATION plays a major role in food security ▪ Voluntary migration can improve food security for migrants and families • Increase incomes and reduce pressure on natural resources • But migration involves upfront costs that can exclude the poor ▪ Despite concerns, refugee camps can stimulate incomes and entrepreneurship in local communities ▪ Improve seasonal migration mechanisms and innovative financial products to facilitate migration Household income and probability of migration, Bangladesh Source: De Brauw and Ambler 2018
  8. 8. OPEN ACCESS KNOWLEDGE AND DATA drive improved performance in food systems ▪ Accessible data is critical for decision making in food systems, from farm to consumers ▪ Open data can enhance accountability of all actors in food systems, including government ▪ Data quality and ease of use are essential for open access to succeed ▪ Build open data initiatives, enhance knowledge transfer efficiency, and empower citizens through capacity building IFPRI dataset downloads Source: Yerramareddy and Babu 2018
  9. 9. DOMESTIC FARM POLICY REFORM is critical for global food security ▪ Developed country policies often lead to overproduction and lower prices globally ▪ Countries shifted toward less distortionary mechanisms ▪ Yet reforms stagnated and farm support levels remain high ▪ Reform domestic farm support even in absence of multinational agreements Producer support as % of gross farm revenue Source: OECD 2017
  10. 10. GLOBAL GOVERNANCE REFORM is important for food, nutrition, and agriculture ▪ Policy and governance in food security and nutrition are increasingly complex • Conflict-related hunger, triple burden of malnutrition, environmental risk, politics of global integration ▪ Global governance can provide and protect international public goods ▪ Design a Governing Platform for intergovernmental coordination, decision making, and funding Global food, nutrition, and agriculture governance design Source: Von Braun 2018
  11. 11. ADDRESSING RADICAL CHANGES is central for progress in the global food system ▪ Encourage an open, efficient, and fair trading system ▪ Support rural development to break the vicious cycle of conflict, food insecurity, and migration ▪ Invest more in research and innovation for food systems ▪ Enhance evidence-based policy making ▪ Promote cooperation and mutual learning ▪ Leverage new opportunities in emerging technologies and knowledge-sharing
  12. 12. Global integration of national food systems will be key to progress, but will require robust evidence, good governance, and strong commitment from the international community

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