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APRIL 2016
2016 Global Food Policy Report overview
Value chains,
food systems
Regional
developments
Green energy
Sustainable
diets
Cl...
Food policy developments in 2015-16
Sustainable Development
Goals
Global goals that call for local
action
COP21
Commitment...
Changes in weather patterns require
adjustments in farming
• Lower productivity
• Increased pressure on ecosystems
Smallho...
Climate change and agriculture
Strengthening the role of smallholders
Examples of how support to smallholders can contribu...
Food loss and waste occur at different stages along the value chain
Toward a sustainable food system
Reducing food loss an...
Photo credit: AP Images
Photo/Stephanie Pillick
Toward a sustainable food system
Reducing food loss and waste
Reducing foo...
Multiple demands on water
Water, nutrition and health
Finding win-win strategies for water
management
Source: Ringler and ...
• Implement institutional reforms for
efficiency of water distribution
• Introduce economic incentives to water
management...
Global annual cost of land degradation, 2001-2009
Land and soil management
Promoting healthy soils for healthier
agricultu...
Proposed actions
• Implement sustainable intensification
technologies
• Invest in perennials to improve soil health
• Prom...
• Meeting SDGs will require joint, context-specific solutions
• Understanding how value chains bring food from farm to tab...
Designing better value chain
interventions
• Fill knowledge gaps on productivity, diet
quality, environmental sustainabili...
Food system’s contribution to energy use and greenhouse gas emissions
Green energy
Fueling the path to food securityShareo...
Promising green energy solutions
• Solar power in Africa
• Mini-grid solar may be lowest-cost technology
option for rural ...
Global diet trends
• Overconsumption of calories
• Overconsumption of protein, shift toward
animal-based sources
• Rising ...
New approaches to shifting diets: Shift Wheel framework
Shifting diets
Toward a sustainable food future
Source: Ranganatha...
Regional and national developments
MIDDLE EAST & NORTH AFRICA
• Persistent conflict in Syria
• Rising prevalence of overnu...
Regional developments: Africa
Poverty, hunger, child stunting
(Annual average, %)
Progress from 2003 to 2014
• Poverty: 43...
Looking forward
• Peace-building via development activities at local and national levels
• Education and subsidy reforms t...
Regional developments: Central Asia
Russian economic downturn
• Reduced remittances, return
of migrant workers, currency
v...
Regional developments: South Asia
Numerous challenges to food security and nutrition
• Bangladesh: Social unrest
• India, ...
Regional developments: East Asia
• China: High priorities incl.
food safety, land reform,
sustainable production
• Thailan...
MDGs
• Hunger, poverty halved
Deforestation
• Slowing but should be
closely monitored
• 1.7 million hectares
deforested in...
Food policy indicators
Agricultural Total
Factor Productivity
(TFP)
Food Policy
Research Capacity
Indicators
(FPRCI)
Stati...
The global food
system is
unsustainable...
…it must be
reshaped to
achieve multiple
SDGs
Photo credit: IFAD/Susan Beccio
Reshaping the global food system for
sustainable development
New food system
Efficient
Inclusive
Climate-smart
Sustainable...
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GFPR overview

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Overview presentation of IFPRI's 2016 Global Food Policy Report

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GFPR overview

  1. 1. APRIL 2016
  2. 2. 2016 Global Food Policy Report overview Value chains, food systems Regional developments Green energy Sustainable diets Climate change, smallholders, SDGs Healthy soils Food loss and food waste Water management Food policy indicators
  3. 3. Food policy developments in 2015-16 Sustainable Development Goals Global goals that call for local action COP21 Commitments to slow GHG emissions WTO ministerial meeting Pledged to eliminate distortionary trade policies Low oil & food prices Oil: Lowest in 11 years Food: Falling fourth year in a row Refugee crisis Over 8 million Syrians food insecure + Slow economic growth Driven by slowdown in emerging economies 2015Climate change El Niño: Ethiopia’s worst drought in 30 years Source: Fan 2016
  4. 4. Changes in weather patterns require adjustments in farming • Lower productivity • Increased pressure on ecosystems Smallholders lack capacity to adapt • Limited access to assets and services • Policy-related constraints Photo credit: Alamy Stock Photo/Joerg Boethling Climate change and agriculture Strengthening the role of smallholders Source: Nwanze and Fan 2016
  5. 5. Climate change and agriculture Strengthening the role of smallholders Examples of how support to smallholders can contribute to multiple SDGs Source: Nwanze and Fan 2016
  6. 6. Food loss and waste occur at different stages along the value chain Toward a sustainable food system Reducing food loss and waste Source: Schuster and Torero 2016
  7. 7. Photo credit: AP Images Photo/Stephanie Pillick Toward a sustainable food system Reducing food loss and waste Reducing food loss and waste is critical for sustainability • Create standard definition, measurable quantitative and qualitative criteria • Set concrete targets at regional and country levels • Engage in national and local awareness campaigns • Invest to improve storage, transport, access to credit for smallholders Source: Schuster and Torero 2016
  8. 8. Multiple demands on water Water, nutrition and health Finding win-win strategies for water management Source: Ringler and Passarelli 2016
  9. 9. • Implement institutional reforms for efficiency of water distribution • Introduce economic incentives to water management e.g. taxes, quotas, use rights • Invest in traditional technologies (e.g. dams) and nontraditional ones (e.g. green infrastructure) to improve sustainability • Improve conveyance, distribution, application efficiency of irrigation systems Photo credit: IWMI Photo/Prashanth Vishwanathan Water, nutrition and health Finding win-win strategies for water management Source: Ringler and Passarelli 2016
  10. 10. Global annual cost of land degradation, 2001-2009 Land and soil management Promoting healthy soils for healthier agricultural systems Source: Koo et al. 2016
  11. 11. Proposed actions • Implement sustainable intensification technologies • Invest in perennials to improve soil health • Promote climate-smart soil and land management • Manage ecosystem services at landscape level, coordinating across farm boundaries • Recognize soil, land, and ecosystem services as public goods Photo credit: Panos Photo/Alfredo Caliz Land and soil management Promoting healthy soils for healthier agricultural systems Source: Koo et al. 2016
  12. 12. • Meeting SDGs will require joint, context-specific solutions • Understanding how value chains bring food from farm to table can help identify solutions Nutrition and sustainability Harnessing value chains to improve food systems Source: Allen, de Brauw, and Gelli 2016 A milk value chain
  13. 13. Designing better value chain interventions • Fill knowledge gaps on productivity, diet quality, environmental sustainability • Analyze and manage trade-offs between nutritious food production, land and water inputs, and climate change risks • Engage private sector to align public and private objectives Photo credit: Panos Photo/Jacob Silberberg Nutrition and sustainability Harnessing value chains to improve food systems Source: Allen, de Brauw, and Gelli 2016
  14. 14. Food system’s contribution to energy use and greenhouse gas emissions Green energy Fueling the path to food securityShareofglobaltotal(%) Source: Arndt, Msangi, and Thurlow 2016
  15. 15. Promising green energy solutions • Solar power in Africa • Mini-grid solar may be lowest-cost technology option for rural areas • Biofuels • High-quality biofuels in poor countries can reduce transport fossil fuel use • Rising global demand for biofuels could raise rural incomes • Improved cookstoves • Substitute for cleaner fuels such as natural gas • Can reduce biomass—one of largest sources of global greenhouse gas emissionsPhoto credit: Panos Photo/Abbie Trayler-Smith Green energy Fueling the path to food security Source: Arndt, Msangi, and Thurlow 2016
  16. 16. Global diet trends • Overconsumption of calories • Overconsumption of protein, shift toward animal-based sources • Rising beef consumption Proposed diet shifts • Reduce overconsumption of calories • Lessen intake of animal-based food, especially beef • Can lead to largest reduction of agric. land use, greenhouse gas emissionsPhoto credit: Panos Photo/Mark Henley Shifting diets Toward a sustainable food future Source: Ranganathan et al. 2016
  17. 17. New approaches to shifting diets: Shift Wheel framework Shifting diets Toward a sustainable food future Source: Ranganathan et al. 2016
  18. 18. Regional and national developments MIDDLE EAST & NORTH AFRICA • Persistent conflict in Syria • Rising prevalence of overnutrition SOUTH ASIA • Bangladesh: New nutrition, food safety policy • India: New sanitation, irrigation program AFRICA • 18 countries achieved poverty MDG • El Niño; Conflicts in Nigeria, Somalia, South Sudan LATIN AMERICA & CARRIBBEAN • Poverty & hunger MDGs achieved • Increasing overweight, obesity EAST ASIA • China: New food safety regulation • Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank established Source: Fan 2016
  19. 19. Regional developments: Africa Poverty, hunger, child stunting (Annual average, %) Progress from 2003 to 2014 • Poverty: 43% to 37% • Hunger: 22% to 17% • Stunting: 40% to 36% BUT econ. growth is slow • GDP 1.3% (2008-14) Looking forward • Accelerate economic growth • Reduce fatalities from civil unrest • Promote youth employment Headcount poverty ($1.25/day) Poverty gap (national poverty) Prevalence of hunger Prevalence of child stunting Source: Badiane, Makombe, and Collins 2016
  20. 20. Looking forward • Peace-building via development activities at local and national levels • Education and subsidy reforms to improve nutrition • Research and improved data gathering and analysis Refugees originating from & hosted by Arab region Regional developments: Middle East and North Africa Source: Khouri and Breisinger 2016 Source: Khouri and Breisinger 2016
  21. 21. Regional developments: Central Asia Russian economic downturn • Reduced remittances, return of migrant workers, currency volatility Vulnerabilities • China and Russia economic slowdown • El Niño • Lack of social protection Declining commodity prices • Collapse of export revenues • Develop policies to mitigate macroeconomic, structural imbalances • Promote climate change adaptation strategies • Improve social protection to reduce poverty, hunger, effects of external shocks Looking forward Source: Akramov and Park 2016
  22. 22. Regional developments: South Asia Numerous challenges to food security and nutrition • Bangladesh: Social unrest • India, Pakistan: Extreme weather events e.g. drought, unseasonable rain • Nepal: Earthquake Looking forward—increase transparency in governance, consolidate programs, attract private sector investment in infrastructure Population in poverty, undernourished (%) Source: Joshi et al. 2016 Source: Joshi et al. 2016
  23. 23. Regional developments: East Asia • China: High priorities incl. food safety, land reform, sustainable production • Thailand: struggling with results of rice-buying policy— huge stockpiles of costly rice • Indonesia and Philippines: El Niño wreaked havoc on rice production, causing high imports and price increases • Global warming, changing diets, and rising incomes will continue to strain supply chains • Trans-Pacific Partnership likely to benefit, but force countries to give up self-sufficiency policies and restructure ag programs • New Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank likely to play a key role in future development efforts Looking forward Source: Chen, Timmer, and Chiang 2016
  24. 24. MDGs • Hunger, poverty halved Deforestation • Slowing but should be closely monitored • 1.7 million hectares deforested in 2014 Slow economic growth • Low commodity prices, decline in capital flows, little infrastructure investments Looking forward • Global economic slowdown may lead to rising unemployment, poverty • Regional Plan for Food Security must strengthen policies, including safety nets • Persistence of negative weather conditions—devise coherent set of macroeconomic, sectoral policies Regional developments: Latin America and the Caribbean Source: Díaz-Bonilla and Torero 2016
  25. 25. Food policy indicators Agricultural Total Factor Productivity (TFP) Food Policy Research Capacity Indicators (FPRCI) Statistics on Public Expenditure for Economic Development (SPEED) Global Hunger Index (GHI) Ag Science and Technology Indicators (ASTI)
  26. 26. The global food system is unsustainable... …it must be reshaped to achieve multiple SDGs Photo credit: IFAD/Susan Beccio
  27. 27. Reshaping the global food system for sustainable development New food system Efficient Inclusive Climate-smart Sustainable Nutrition- and health- driven Business-friendly Over half of SDGs relate to food security and nutrition Source: Fan 2016

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