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Geneva Launch of IFPRI's 2016 Global Food Policy Report

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Presented by IFPRI Director General Shenggen Fan in Geneva, Switzerland, on April 12, 2016. More info: http://www.ifpri.org/event/geneva-launch-ifpris-2016-global-food-policy-report

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Geneva Launch of IFPRI's 2016 Global Food Policy Report

  1. 1. APRIL 12, 2016 | GENEVA, SWITZERLAND Shenggen Fan Director General, IFPRI
  2. 2. Looking back at 2015 Sustainable Development Goals Global goals that call for local action COP21 Commitments to slow GHG emissions WTO ministerial meeting Pledged to eliminate distortionary trade policies Low oil & food prices Oil: Lowest in 11 years Food: Falling fourth year in a row Refugee crisis More migration from Afghanistan, Eritrea, Myanmar, Syria + Slow economic growth Driven by slowdown in emerging economies 2015Climate change El Niño: Ethiopia’s worst drought in 30 years
  3. 3. Regional and national developments MIDDLE EAST & NORTH AFRICA • Persistent conflict in Syria • Rising prevalence of overnutrition SOUTH ASIA • Bangladesh: New nutrition, food safety policy • India: New sanitation, irrigation program AFRICA • 18 countries achieved poverty MDG • El Niño; Conflicts in Nigeria, Somalia, South Sudan LATIN AMERICA & CARRIBBEAN • Poverty & hunger MDGs achieved • Increasing overweight, obesity EAST ASIA • China: New food safety regulation • Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank established
  4. 4. A new global food system for meeting multiple SDGs New food system Efficient Inclusive Climate-smart Sustainable Nutrition- and health- driven Business-friendly Over half of SDGs relate to food security and nutrition
  5. 5. 2016 GFPR overview Value chains, food systems Regional developments Green energy Sustainable diets Climate change, smallholders, SDGs Healthy soils Food loss and food waste Water management Food policy indicators
  6. 6. Smallholders key to achieving Sustainable Development and Climate Goals Examples of how support to smallholders can contribute to multiple SDGs Source: Adapted from Farming First
  7. 7. Refugee crisis: Complex, interrelated causes • Food insecurity and lack of nutrition are cause and consequence of conflict • % of hunger and undernutrition increasingly concentrated in conflict-affected countries • Climate change, epidemics, and food price spikes increase risk of civil conflict Source: Breisinger, Ecker and Trinh Tran 2015 Lebanon: More than 1 million refugees Jordan: Over 600 thousand refugees Syrian refugee crisis • 8.7 million food insecure or at high risk (Jan 2016) • Nearly 1 million seeking asylum in Europe • 13.5 million still in need of assistance inside Syria Strategies for building resilience must be in place to address root causes of crisis Sources: WFP 2016; UNHCR 2016
  8. 8. • Short run: Humanitarian aid BUT must pave way for development efforts • Long run: Investments that transition toward development, e.g. improve infrastructure; foster trade with refugees’ countries of origin Building resilience is critical Source: Breisinger et al. 2014 Source: Mabiso et al. 2014
  9. 9. International community has crucial role • Regional / international action needed to contain external stresses, e.g. natural disasters, food price shocks (World Development Report 2011) • Open, transparent, and fair trade can help build resilience • Encourage north- and south-south learning, cooperation to match evolving security landscape • Country-specific food security policies key for development and peace (Breisinger 2013) • Country-level analysis and strategies crucial, e.g. Yemen’s 7-Point Action Plan • Revisit efficiency and allocation of public spending
  10. 10. The global food system is unsustainable... …it must be reshaped to achieve multiple SDGs Photo credit: IFAD/Susan Beccio

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