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Gender Perspective of the Global Impacts of the Ukraine War

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Gender Perspective of the Global Impacts of the Ukraine War

  1. 1. ROUND TABLE | JUNE 13, 2022 Gender Perspective OF THE GLOBAL IMPACTS OF THE UKRAINE WAR Nicole Lefore Director, Innovation Laboratory for Small-Scale Irrigation Texas A&M University
  2. 2. GENDER PERSPECTIVE OF THE GLOBAL IMPACTS OF THE UKRAINE WAR • Higher Food Prices • Higher Energy Prices • Risks of mitigation measures • Risks of programmatic shifts • Compounding crises Pathways of the gendered impacts of compounding crises
  3. 3. Gender understanding and approach to resilience in crises • From the Feed the Future Innovation Labs • Innovations ready to scale that can increase resilience • Lessons on how to facilitate scaling • Policy guidance to enhance resilience in medium to long term GENDER PERSPECTIVE OF THE GLOBAL IMPACTS OF THE UKRAINE WAR
  4. 4. Gendered responses— Key messages • Intensify, don’t pivot, on 
 resilience-centered interventions • Design for gender and context specific; avoid gender myths • Increase linkage between research and development implementation • Support private sector role in building gender-equitable resilience • Identify and support opportunities for women GENDER PERSPECTIVE OF THE GLOBAL IMPACTS OF THE UKRAINE WAR
  5. 5. ANNEX 1: Gendered Impacts GENDER PERSPECTIVE OF THE GLOBAL IMPACTS OF THE UKRAINE WAR
  6. 6. GENDERED IMPACTS: Higher food prices • Women and children eat less food and less nutritious food • Nutritious food is difficult to access • Women farmers and processors trade in informal markets 
 with less programmatic support GENDER PERSPECTIVE OF THE GLOBAL IMPACTS OF THE UKRAINE WAR
  7. 7. GENDERED IMPACTS: Higher energy prices—direct impacts • Increasing the cost of pumping water and other inputs • Reducing farmgate prices for irrigated produce related 
 (transport costs absorbed by small farmers) • Increasing costs post-harvest collection, processing, and storage GENDER PERSPECTIVE OF THE GLOBAL IMPACTS OF THE UKRAINE WAR
  8. 8. GENDERED IMPACTS: Higher energy prices—indirect impacts • Rapidly increasing prices and lower availability of inorganic fertilizer • On-going exclusion of women from subsidized fertilizer 
 distribution systems • On-going exclusion of women by fertilizer private market actors • Increasing burden for women from application of manure and compost • Increasing production of cash crops above nutritious crops GENDER PERSPECTIVE OF THE GLOBAL IMPACTS OF THE UKRAINE WAR
  9. 9. GENDERED IMPACTS: Household strategies • Increasing storage of grains and groundnuts • Increases risks of losses and fungal toxins GENDER PERSPECTIVE OF THE GLOBAL IMPACTS OF THE UKRAINE WAR
  10. 10. GENDERED IMPACTS: Risks of program change • Decreasing public funding for relief / social protection measures and other social programs • On-going exclusion of women from public, formal sector programs and operation in the informal sector that is not supported • Decreasing funding for R & D in agriculture GENDER PERSPECTIVE OF THE GLOBAL IMPACTS OF THE UKRAINE WAR
  11. 11. GENDERED IMPACTS: Compounding crises • Women have lower resilience capacities due to COVID-19: 
 Domestic burdens reduced time in agricultural production, eroded women’s assets and savings, disrupted informal market linkages • Mobility challenges extended by high transportation costs and reduced income • Exited livelihood/employment and gave up farm plots, now face added challenges to restart • Some local markets closed and limited women’s marketing opportunities • Girls left schools during COVID and some did not return GENDER PERSPECTIVE OF THE GLOBAL IMPACTS OF THE UKRAINE WAR
  12. 12. ANNEX 2: Gendered Responses from Innovation Labs (examples)
  13. 13. GENDERED RESPONSE EXAMPLES: Innovation Lab for Small Scale Irrigation 1. Partner with private solar pump companies to improve access and finance tools for women farmers 2. Facilitate platforms and networking between companies (equipment value chains to value chains), with public partners (NARES), with USAID and other implementing partners to share knowledge on gendered approaches 3. Assess and provide guidance for gender-equitable irrigated fodder—dairy value chains 4. Engage with Implementation Partners in USAID resilience projects GENDER PERSPECTIVE OF THE GLOBAL IMPACTS OF THE UKRAINE WAR EXAMPLES AND PARTNERS: Ghana (PEG Africa, PumpTech + Hortifresh) Mali (ENNOS/ETM + SeneYiriwa) World Bank farmer-led irrigation initiative
  14. 14. GENDERED RESPONSE EXAMPLES: Peanut Innovation Lab Reduced reliance on inorganic fertilizer and enhanced alternatives 1. Risk tool for farmers to evaluate how effective various inputs will be in the face of production pressures. Farmers assess financially viable mitigation approaches of various inputs and practices. 2. Research into time use enabled understanding of the efficiency (and equity) of labor distribution and deployment, to develop and test potential solutions through Farmer Field Schools (Ghana) 3. Research into youth in peanut value chain has led to a better understanding of out-migration and how to bring knowledge back to villages (Senegal) 4. Optimized Shrub System and similar regenerative/conservation agriculture approaches have clear long-term benefits, but create challenges for immediate and medium-term adoption. 
 Potential mechanisms (carbon credit, index insurance, policy, additional technology?) could incentivize widespread adoption. GENDER PERSPECTIVE OF THE GLOBAL IMPACTS OF THE UKRAINE WAR EXAMPLES AND PARTNERS: Ghana (FFS, CSIR-SARI, UDS, KNUST, 
 Project Peanut Butter) Malawi (LUANAR, DARS, Pyxus Ltd.) Senegal (ISRA, CERAAS, U ofThies)
  15. 15. GENDERED RESPONSE EXAMPLES: Innovation Lab for Fish 1. Engage with women entrepreneurs and fish farmers in 6 privately owned demonstration rice- fish farms in Kebbi and Ebonyi states in Nigeria 2. Engage women in the sustainable supply of fish seedstock through community-based fish breeding and seedstock production 3. Engage women in community-based black soldier fly larvae meal production GENDER PERSPECTIVE OF THE GLOBAL IMPACTS OF THE UKRAINE WAR EXAMPLES AND PARTNERS: Nigeria (UN Food and Agriculture Organization, University of Ibadan, WorldFish, and University of Georgia)
  16. 16. GENDERED RESPONSE EXAMPLES: Women-led food system linkages for inclusive benefits GENDER PERSPECTIVE OF THE GLOBAL IMPACTS OF THE UKRAINE WAR Beatrice Adjei (Women in Poultry Association) Smallholder Farmer-Based Organizations, Value Chain Committee in the North Feed shortage Access to market (premium), eggs for consumption and sale Upcoming trips with more WPA members & interventions, in response to worsening food (and feed) crisis…

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