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Gender equality to accelerate the achievement of SDG2

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Hazel Malapit
IFPRI-FAO conference, "Accelerating the End of Hunger and Malnutrition"
November 28–30, 2018
Bangkok, Thailand

Published in: Government & Nonprofit
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Gender equality to accelerate the achievement of SDG2

  1. 1. GENDER EQUALITY TO ACCELERATE THE ACHIEVEMENT OF SDG2 Hazel Malapit, Senior Research Coordinator, IFPRI | 29 Nov 2018
  2. 2. GENDER GENDER GENDER GENDER GENDER GENDER GENDER GENDER GENDER GENDER GENDER GENDER GENDER GENDER GENDER GENDER GENDER GENDER GENDER GENDER GENDER GENDER GENDER GENDER GENDER GENDER GENDER GENDER GENDER GENDER GENDER GENDER GENDER GENDER GENDER GENDER GENDER GENDER GENDER GENDER GENDER GENDER GENDER GENDER GENDER GENDER GENDER GENDER GENDER GENDER GENDER GENDER GENDER GENDER GENDER GENDER GENDER GENDER GENDER GENDER GENDER GENDER GENDER GENDER GENDER GENDER GENDER GENDER GENDER GENDER GENDER GENDER GENDER GENDER GENDER GENDER GENDER GENDER GENDER GENDER GENDER GENDER GENDER GENDER GENDER GENDER GENDER GENDER GENDER GENDER GENDER GENDER GENDER GENDER GENDER GENDER GENDER GENDER GENDER GENDER GENDER GENDER GENDER GENDER Which pathways will you influence? Source: Adapted from TANDI 2011; Gillespie et al 2012; Ruel and Alderman 2013; Kadiyala et al 2014 4. Women’s social status and empowerment 2. Source of income 3. Food prices 6. Women’s own nutrition and health 1. Source of food 5. Women’s time & caring practices Food availability Food expenditureTechnology adoption Nutritional status Food and nutrient intakes, overall diet quality Household incomeAgricultural program participation Non-food expenditure
  3. 3. What’s your goal? Reach Benefit Empower Include women in program activities Increase women’s well- being (e.g. food security, income, health) Strengthen ability of women to make strategic life choices and to put those choices into action
  4. 4. Example: Nutritious crop disseminated through agricultural extension to farmer groups Objective Reach Benefit Empower • Deliver agricultural extension services to women • Increase women’s well-being • Increase women’s agency over production and nutrition decisions Strategies • Provide transportation • Conduct training during convenient times of the day Indicators • Proportion of women attending training, receiving extension advice • Consider women’s preferences and constraints in design and content of training • Sex-disaggregated data for land use, yields, income, consumption, nutrition, time use, etc • Decision making power over production, income, food consumption • Reduction of GBV, time burden • Enhance women’s decision making power in households and communities, especially on crops to grow
  5. 5. The various material, human, and social resources that serve to enhance one’s ability to exercise choice The capacity to define one’s own goals and make strategic choices in pursuit of these goals, particularly in a context where this ability was previously denied The achievement of one’s goals Agency AchievementsResources Empowerment is… Source: Kabeer 1999
  6. 6. Pro-WEAI measures 3 types of agency ▪ Power within (intrinsic) ▪ Power to (instrumental) ▪ Power with (collective)
  7. 7. CLARITY + ALIGNMENT = IMPACT Pathways? How does gender matter? Reach, Benefit, or Empower women?
  8. 8. CLARITY + ALIGNMENT = IMPACT Use indicators consistent with project goals and activities Use strategies to reach women Consider women’s needs and constraints to maximize benefits to women Find ways to address gender norms, increase women’s decision-making
  9. 9. CLARITY + ALIGNMENT = IMPACT Assess impacts rigorously Use WEAI to measure empowerment Report on what worked, what didn’t work, and why Learn from what doesn’t work, invest in what works
  10. 10. CLARITY + ALIGNMENT = IMPACT Learn more at: weai.ifpri.info Follow us on Twitter @hmalapit @agnesquis @A4NH_CGIAR #proWEAI #A4NHResearch #GenderinAg

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