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Factors affecting farmers’ participation in agri-environmental schemes

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Factors affecting farmers’ participation in agri-environmental schemes

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Sergei Schaub, Jaboury Ghazoul, and Robert Finger
WEBINAR
Enhancing Biodiversity and Resilience in Intensive Farming Systems: Results from an ETH Zürich-IFPRI Collaborative study
Co-organized by IFPRI, ETH Zürich, and Bayer
DEC 6, 2022 - 10:00 TO 11:30AM EST

Sergei Schaub, Jaboury Ghazoul, and Robert Finger
WEBINAR
Enhancing Biodiversity and Resilience in Intensive Farming Systems: Results from an ETH Zürich-IFPRI Collaborative study
Co-organized by IFPRI, ETH Zürich, and Bayer
DEC 6, 2022 - 10:00 TO 11:30AM EST

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Factors affecting farmers’ participation in agri-environmental schemes

  1. 1. Factors affecting farmers’ participation in agri-environmental schemes By Sergei Schaub, Jaboury Ghazoul, and Robert Finger Contributors: Robert Huber, Wei Zhang, Adelaide Sander, Charles Rees, Simanti Banerjee, and Noëmi Elmiger Image: Sergei Schaub From: Schaub et al., The role of behavioral factors and opportunity costs in farmers' participation in voluntary agri-environmental schemes: A systematic review
  2. 2. 2 • We are currently experiencing a dramatic degradation of ecosystems and biodiversity loss • Public and private entities introduced agri- environmental schemes to incentivize the adoption of environmentally friendly practices by farmers • How we can encourage the participation in schemes? • Behavioral factors and opportunity costs can influence the participation in agri-environmental schemes ‘What are the behavioral factors and opportunity costs affecting framers’ participation in voluntary agri-environmental schemes?’ Image: @prairiestrips, Bo Jellesmark Thorsen From: Schaub et al., The role of behavioral factors and opportunity costs in farmers' participation in voluntary agri-environmental schemes: A systematic review
  3. 3. 3 What are opportunity costs and behavioral factors? • Behavioral factors stemming from human behavior. They might be due to personality, the situation, or are a reaction to the environment. Image: @prairiestrips From: Schaub et al., The role of behavioral factors and opportunity costs in farmers' participation in voluntary agri-environmental schemes: A systematic review • Opportunity costs for a farmer are what a farmer gives up to do a certain option compared to an alternative one
  4. 4. 4 What did we do? Items identified though database searching (n = 6485) Items identified though other sources (n = 2) Items after duplicates removed (n = 3523) Items screened by title and abstract (n = 3523) Full-test assessment of items assessed (n = 232) Articles included covering opportunity costs and/or behavioral factors (n = 83). Those articles cover 144 studies and 734 factors Duplicates removed (n = 2962) Items excluded (n = 2730) Items excluded (n = 149) • Systematically reviewed the existing literature • Focus on • Australia, Europe, and North America. • Specialized and mixed arable farms • We looked at 83 papers and over >700 factors From: Schaub et al., The role of behavioral factors and opportunity costs in farmers' participation in voluntary agri-environmental schemes: A systematic review
  5. 5. 5 What can we learn? • The relationships of behavioral factors and opportunity costs with participation are often ambiguous • Also less clearer than often communicated, e.g., environmental attitudes • Looking at heterogenous ‘treatment effects’ will be a way forward • Most universal relationships include • for behavioral factors: receiving advice, peer relationships, and a positive attitude towards schemes • for opportunity costs: market conditions and scheme design (e.g., flexibility) • Policymakers and companies: consider those relationships when incentivizing farmers From: Schaub et al., The role of behavioral factors and opportunity costs in farmers' participation in voluntary agri-environmental schemes: A systematic review
  6. 6. 6 We also looked at indictors for result-based payments • Most result-based payments to grasslands and are simple • Pathways exists to advance indicators • New payments are planned in the EU (CAP Reform 2023-27) • Using new technologies (smartphone apps) can help
  7. 7. 7 Thank you for your attention! E-Mail: sergei.schaub@agroscope.admin.ch Twitter: @SergeiSchaub Image: Grasland Group, ETHZ

Editor's Notes

  • https://twitter.com/prairiestrips/status/1417489440356794368
    https://twitter.com/BJThorsen/status/1488086655638593543

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