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Cluster Development
UNIDO experience in Egypt
20 December 2017
Giovanna Ceglie
UNIDO Representative
and Director of the Re...
2
Performing Cluster
Source: UNIDO (2013)
3
Clusters and Value Chains
• Main approach
• Multiple objectives: prosperity, environment, inclusion
• Multiple levels: c...
4
Pesticide application
technology
Pesticide Applicator
Value addition
Business linkages
Marketing
Palm Date Cluster Devel...
5
Increase in value
(2 EGP/kg to 10
EGP/kg)
2 trading
companies
3 million EGP
turnover per
year
10,000 palm
trees treated
...
6
Silage and Feed
Production
Raising and Breeding
Skills
Value Addition and
Processing
Ultrasound and
Artificial Inseminat...
77
Increase in milk
productivity
83.1%
Increase in meat
productivity:
132.7%
14% decrease in
production cost
35 veterinari...
8
Promoting local value addition in the Agribusiness sector:
Sun-dried tomatoes in Luxor
Awareness raising on
possible val...
9
Promoting local value addition in the Agribusiness sector:
Sun-dried tomatoes in Luxor
30% income
increase
9 dryers
esta...
10
Promoting local value addition in the Agribusiness sector:
Artichokes in Nubareya
Training on better cultivation
practi...
11
Promoting local value addition in the Agribusiness sector:
Artichokes in Noubareya / Bangar el Sokkar
50% increase in
p...
12
Reviving the Alabaster Cluster in Luxor:
Improve market access of alabaster products:
• Enhanced marketability through ...
13
Sugar Processing
(sugar cane factories)
Refinery factories
(in Cairo)
Regional
cement
factories
Bagasse
Alt-Fuel
Manufa...
14
A few tips
•Learn by doing and do by extensive consulting
•Local stakeholders lead the process but external
expertise i...
15
Thank you!
16
Under-performing Cluster
Source: UNIDO (2013)
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Giovanna Ceglie • 2017 IFPRI Egypt Seminar Series: Unleashing Untapped Potential of Industrial Clusters in Egypt

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As part of IFPRI Egypt Seminar in partnership with the Egyptian Center for Economic Studies: "Unleashing Untapped Potential of Industrial Clusters in Egypt"

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Giovanna Ceglie • 2017 IFPRI Egypt Seminar Series: Unleashing Untapped Potential of Industrial Clusters in Egypt

  1. 1. Cluster Development UNIDO experience in Egypt 20 December 2017 Giovanna Ceglie UNIDO Representative and Director of the Regional Office in Egypt g.ceglie@unido.org
  2. 2. 2 Performing Cluster Source: UNIDO (2013)
  3. 3. 3 Clusters and Value Chains • Main approach • Multiple objectives: prosperity, environment, inclusion • Multiple levels: companies (different sizes), institutions, policies Main sectors covered: - Agri-business - Waste management - Creative industries - Furniture - Renewable energies
  4. 4. 4 Pesticide application technology Pesticide Applicator Value addition Business linkages Marketing Palm Date Cluster Development • 200,000 palm trees in Edwa / 2000 producers • 50% infestation with red palm weevil • Locally consumed and rarely sold • EGY 1st producer but only 3% of World Market Share
  5. 5. 5 Increase in value (2 EGP/kg to 10 EGP/kg) 2 trading companies 3 million EGP turnover per year 10,000 palm trees treated of palm weevil 60 employment opportunities (mainly women)
  6. 6. 6 Silage and Feed Production Raising and Breeding Skills Value Addition and Processing Ultrasound and Artificial Insemination Compost and Biogas Production Animal Production Cluster • 5000 producers in Edwa • Low productivity • Inefficient breeds • Lack of services
  7. 7. 77 Increase in milk productivity 83.1% Increase in meat productivity: 132.7% 14% decrease in production cost 35 veterinarians and veterinary paramedics capacitated in addition 20 Biogas units provide 50 families with gas every month
  8. 8. 8 Promoting local value addition in the Agribusiness sector: Sun-dried tomatoes in Luxor Awareness raising on possible value addition for tomato growers Capacity building for 12 farmers’ cooperatives Business linkages with 12 buyers Women empowerment (80% of new created jobs) Egypt is the 5th tomato producer in the world Less than 3% is processed
  9. 9. 9 Promoting local value addition in the Agribusiness sector: Sun-dried tomatoes in Luxor 30% income increase 9 dryers established with local cooperatives 100 % value increased 181 new jobs created (80% women) New long tomato varieties introduced
  10. 10. 10 Promoting local value addition in the Agribusiness sector: Artichokes in Nubareya Training on better cultivation practices (gibrillic acid) Capacity building Business linkages & contract farming Common facility Quality of production and preparation declining Opportunities to anticipate production and pre-process locally, avoiding traders
  11. 11. 11 Promoting local value addition in the Agribusiness sector: Artichokes in Noubareya / Bangar el Sokkar 50% increase in productivity 2 preparation units established with local cooperatives 140 new job opportunities (40% women) 5 supply contracts signed over 2 years 27% increase in income
  12. 12. 12 Reviving the Alabaster Cluster in Luxor: Improve market access of alabaster products: • Enhanced marketability through product design and development in line with national and international trends • Fostered linkages among designers, artisans, and traders Train students and graduates as cluster agents on: • Design • Prototyping with Luxor artisans • Marketing Quarries Designers Exibits Traders End users
  13. 13. 13 Sugar Processing (sugar cane factories) Refinery factories (in Cairo) Regional cement factories Bagasse Alt-Fuel Manufacturers Advanced irrigation system components Agriculture machinery Solar powered pest control & light pest control Biocontrol agent from plant extract Traps for pheromones pest control Straw Waste Traders Food Ind. Regional paper and wood factoriesStarch Ind. Cellulose manufacturers Glucose manufacturers Craft paper makers Sugar Cane Farmers LEGEND Existing Activities Business Opportunities Sugar Cane Production & Sugar Industries “Potential Cluster in Luxor” Pharma Ind. Animal breeders Sugarcane juice shops Black honey
  14. 14. 14 A few tips •Learn by doing and do by extensive consulting •Local stakeholders lead the process but external expertise is key for innovation and value addition •Local, consistent presence is a must: cluster agents •Market is the goal but choices are needed: need for a priorization framework •Cluster policies are integral part of other private sector policies
  15. 15. 15 Thank you!
  16. 16. 16 Under-performing Cluster Source: UNIDO (2013)

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