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Catalyzing the Use of Aflatoxin Control Technologies in Ghana: Aflasafe Evidence and Availability

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Agbetiameh Daniel and Titilayo Falade
WEBINAR
Catalyzing the Use of Aflatoxin Control Technologies in Kenya and Ghana
NOV 26, 2019 - 09:00 AM TO 11:00 AM EST

Published in: Government & Nonprofit
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Catalyzing the Use of Aflatoxin Control Technologies in Ghana: Aflasafe Evidence and Availability

  1. 1. IITA is a member of the CGIAR System Organization. www.iita.org | www.cgiar.org Catalyzing the use of aflatoxin control technologies in Ghana: Aflasafe evidence and availability Agbetiameh Daniel and Titilayo Falade On behalf of the Aflasafe Team 26 Nov., 2019
  2. 2. IITA is a member of the CGIAR System Organization. www.iita.org | www.cgiar.org • The problem • Rationale • Aflasafe product development • Product efficacy & registration • Product launch & availability • Commercial usage Outline
  3. 3. IITA is a member of the CGIAR System Organization. www.iita.org | www.cgiar.org Aflatoxin prevalence in Ghana Maize: 238 ppb Groundnut: 216 ppb Sorghum: 80 ppb Primary produce • Tom Brown: 104 ppb • Uni-Mix: 294 ppb • Weanimix: 145 ppb • Kulikuli: 77 ppb • Ice kenkey: 22 ppb Processed food products • Groundnut paste: 3,278 ppb • Groundnut sauce: 943 ppb • Maize dough: 313 ppb • Kenkey: 524 ppb Processed food products GSA standards Maize: 15 ppb Groundnut: 10 ppb Sorghum: 10 ppb Groundnut paste: 4 ppb
  4. 4. IITA is a member of the CGIAR System Organization. www.iita.org | www.cgiar.org Location Subject Sample Aflatoxin levels: Incidence (Mean/Range) Reference Accra Pregnant women (n=264) Infants at Birth (n=188) Breast milk Cord blood 34% (20 - 1,816 ng/l) 34% (34 - 7,320 ng/l) Lamplugh et al. (1988) Kumasi Pregnant women (n=755) Blood 100% (11 pg/mg) Shuaib et al. (2010) Ejura- Sekyeredumasi Children (n=28) Adults (n=64) Urine Blood 100% (925 pg/mg) 100% (0.3 – 2.3 pmol/mg) Kumi et al. (2015) Jiang et al. (2005) Country Findings (correlation) Reference Ghana Low infant birth weight, still birth and pre-term babies, stunting, immune suppression, poor liver function, liver cancer. Afum et al. (2016); Jolly et al. (2013); Shuaib et al. (2012; 2010); Apeagyei et al. (1986) Exposure among Ghanaians
  5. 5. IITA is a member of the CGIAR System Organization. www.iita.org | www.cgiar.org Rationale  Awareness  Resistant varieties  Biological control  Timely harvest  Rapid grain drying  Storage structure  Sorting & processing  Insect control
  6. 6. IITA is a member of the CGIAR System Organization. www.iita.org | www.cgiar.org  Awareness  Resistant varieties  Biological control  Timely harvest  Rapid grain drying  Storage structure  Sorting & processing  Insect control Rationale
  7. 7. IITA is a member of the CGIAR System Organization. www.iita.org | www.cgiar.org Crops always become associated with Aspergillus fungi 1 – >1,000,000 Propagules / g Aspergillus and crops Aflatoxin content range (ppb) 0 – 20 21 – >20,000
  8. 8. IITA is a member of the CGIAR System Organization. www.iita.org | www.cgiar.org 0 20 40 60 80 100 Natural Biocontrol Frequency(%) ATOXIGENIC TOXIGENIC Rationale
  9. 9. IITA is a member of the CGIAR System Organization. www.iita.org | www.cgiar.org • Search for atoxigenic strains native to Ghana • 905 atoxigenic strains were identified • Four superior strains, highly adapted, were selected to composed the biocontrol product Aflasafe GH02 Aflasafe product development for Ghana
  10. 10. IITA is a member of the CGIAR System Organization. www.iita.org | www.cgiar.org Product efficacy & registration in Ghana Efficacy trials Region Treatment Total aflatoxin concentration (ppb) Groundnut Maize Mean % Reduction Mean % Reduction Ashanti Control 352 96 8 100 Treated 15 0 Brong Ahafo Control 81 99 12 100 Treated 1 0 Northern Control 199 100 238 100 Treated 0 0 Upper East Control 200 100 122 100 Treated 0 0 Upper West Control 939 100 301 98 Treated 0 6 April 2018 Summary of >4 years of research 200 maize, groundnut fields
  11. 11. IITA is a member of the CGIAR System Organization. www.iita.org | www.cgiar.org Product launch in Ghana
  12. 12. IITA is a member of the CGIAR System Organization. www.iita.org | www.cgiar.org Aflasafe availability in Ghana Technology Transfer partner identified: Macro Fertil Ghana Ltd. • Main distributor of Aflasafe in Ghana • Imported 20 MT of Aflasafe to Ghana in 2018
  13. 13. IITA is a member of the CGIAR System Organization. www.iita.org | www.cgiar.org Distributor points in Ghana Region Location Dealer Contact Brong Ahafo Techiman Waaf Agro 0208124864 Brong Ahafo Techiman Thommy Agro 0244774631 Brong Ahafo Nkoranza Francis Tawiah 0244417164 Ashanti Kumasi Sam Ankoma 0556678049 Ashanti Mampong Kyeiwaa Agro 0203474916 Ashanti Kumasi Jonafred Ent. 0244812832 Volta Hohoe Greenshield Agro 0244276368 Eastern Koforidua Jedis 0244880417 Northern Tamale Ganorma Agro 0244845995 Upper West Wa Big Ajar 0244607068 Upper West Wa 18th April 0244825276 Retail price @ GHS 8.00/kg Application rate @ 4 kg/acre
  14. 14. IITA is a member of the CGIAR System Organization. www.iita.org | www.cgiar.org 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 Maize Groundnut Sorghum Aflatoxin(ppb) Treated Control n=23 n=5 n=5 Fig. 1. Mean aflatoxin levels in grains at harvest from Aflasafe GH02 treated and control fields in Ghana. Commercial usage: 2018 cropping season
  15. 15. IITA is a member of the CGIAR System Organization. www.iita.org | www.cgiar.org 0.0 5.0 10.0 15.0 20.0 Groundnut Sorghum Aflatoxin(ppb) Treated Control n = 6 n = 19 Commercial usage: 2019 cropping season Fig. 2. Mean aflatoxin levels in grains at harvest from Aflasafe GH02 treated and control fields in Ghana.
  16. 16. IITA is a member of the CGIAR System Organization. www.iita.org | www.cgiar.org Made Possible by Many Other National Partners in Ministries, and on the Farm Acknowledgements
  17. 17. IITA is a member of the CGIAR System Organization. www.iita.org | www.cgiar.orgwww.iita.orgA member of CGIAR consortium Date: 02 – May - 2013

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