Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.

Atef Sweed (Aswan Uni.) • 2019 IFPRI Egypt Seminar "Fertilizer policy in Egypt and options for improvements"

9 views

Published on

As part of the seminar held by the International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI) under the title of "Fertilizer policy in Egypt and options for improvements".

Published in: Government & Nonprofit
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

Atef Sweed (Aswan Uni.) • 2019 IFPRI Egypt Seminar "Fertilizer policy in Egypt and options for improvements"

  1. 1. Fertilizer's System in Egypt. Prepared by Dr. Atef Abdelaziz Sweed Associate Prof. of Soil Chemistry, Faculty of Agri., Aswan Univ.
  2. 2. • What is a Fertilizers? • Any natural or chemical material applied to a soil or plant to supply essential elements • What are the kinds of fertilizers? • N-fert. (Kinds) • P-fert. • K- fert. • Other-fert.
  3. 3. • Amide fertilizers as……… • Nitrate fertilizers as ………. • Ammoniac fertilizers as………
  4. 4. 2 NH3 + CO2 ↔ H2N-COONH4 H2N-COONH4 ↔ (NH2)CO (s) + H2O Urea (46-0-0). Produced from ammonia and carbon dioxide
  5. 5. 8.4 240 Caltivated soil (million feddans.)(3.5% ) Unused soil (million faddans) (96.5%)
  6. 6. 5.4 3 Total old soils (million feddans) Total new Soils (million feddans)
  7. 7. No. Company No. Company 1 Delta Company For Fertilizers 7 Egyptian Fertilizers Company OCI 2 El-Nasr for Fertilizers & Chemical Industries (SEMADCO) 8 Alexfert - Alexandria Fertilizers 3 KIMA - Egyptian Chemical Industries 9 Egyptian Basic Industries 4 Abu Qir Fertilizers 10 Liqui Fert Fertilizers Manufacturing 5 Helwan For Fertilizers - HFC 11 Evergrow for Specialty Fertilizers 6 MOPCO - Misr Fertilizers
  8. 8. 0.00 1.00 2.00 3.00 4.00 5.00 Capacity on basic 15.5% (Million ton)
  9. 9. • In the world - Global fertilizer production for 2017 is estimated at 255 million tons - Global demand reached about 236 million tons for 2017 », Global fertilizer demand is expected to reach 247 million tons in 2020. in Egypt - Local production of fertilizers 22 million tons annually. - Consumption is only about 10 million tons, or 15.5%. - 55% of production is consumed locally (Ministry of Agriculture) at cost. - 45% of production is export.
  10. 10. - The Egyptian government supports farmers by about LE 2,000 per ton of nitrogen fertilizer (as urea) - The total Egyptian government support for nitrogen fertilizers is about 2.5 billion pounds
  11. 11. Company Type of product Capacity (ton) Abu Zaabal For Fertilizers & Chemicals SSP 15% 202 222 TSP 46% 34 356 Egyptian Financial and Industrial Company SSP 15% 510 592 Suez Fertilizers Co. SSP 15% 277 004 El-Nasr Company for Intermediate Chemicals (Fayyum) SSP 15% 150000
  12. 12. - Evergow’s company produce About 340000 ton per year - Other company about 60000 ton per year - Egypt consumption from K- fertilizers about 140000 ton per year
  13. 13. •‫النتيتروج‬ ‫االسمدة‬ ‫وخصوصا‬ ‫االسمدة‬ ‫لدعم‬ ‫السلبية‬ ‫لتأثيرات‬‫ينية‬ ‫للمزارع‬‫والمواطنين‬ ‫المنتجين‬ •‫اوال‬:‫المزارعين‬ •‫السماد‬ ‫استخدام‬ ‫في‬ ‫االسراف‬(‫الذرة‬ ‫مثال‬) •‫محصول‬ ‫تركيب‬ ‫لكل‬ ‫السماد‬ ‫من‬ ‫االمثل‬ ‫بالحد‬ ‫التسميد‬ •‫السماد‬ ‫اضافة‬ ‫في‬ ‫العلمية‬ ‫النظم‬ ‫اتباع‬ ‫عدم‬ •‫االضافة‬ ‫سوء‬ ‫بسبب‬ ‫المصرية‬ ‫للتربة‬ ‫السماد‬ ‫من‬ ‫الفاقد‬ ‫معرفة‬ ‫عدم‬ •‫التربة‬ ‫خصوبة‬ ‫وتجديد‬ ‫الزراعية‬ ‫الدورة‬ ‫اتباع‬ ‫عدم‬ •‫ب‬ ‫لهم‬ ‫ليس‬ ‫الجديدة‬ ‫االراضي‬ ‫بعض‬ ‫ان‬ ‫حيث‬ ‫جميعا‬ ‫المستحقين‬ ‫توزيع‬ ‫عدم‬‫طاقة‬ ‫الدعم‬ ‫لصرف‬ ‫حيازة‬
  14. 14. •‫ثانيا‬:‫المنتجين‬ •‫خ‬‫االسمدة‬ ‫لالنتاج‬ ‫الوطنية‬ ‫الشركات‬ ‫بعض‬ ‫سارة‬ ‫مثل‬ ‫النيتروجينية‬(‫الدلتا‬–‫النصربالسويس‬)‫بس‬‫هذه‬ ‫ان‬ ‫بب‬ ‫المصانع‬Old Fashion‫الدعم‬ ‫بسبب‬ ‫او‬ •‫ب‬ ‫المصري‬ ‫السوق‬ ‫في‬ ‫االزوتية‬ ‫لالسمدة‬ ‫سعرين‬ ‫وجود‬‫يضر‬ ‫االسمدة‬ ‫بمنتجين‬(NPK) •‫ال‬ ‫من‬ ‫االستيراد‬ ‫وفتح‬ ‫للسماد‬ ‫العالمي‬ ‫السعر‬ ‫تحرير‬‫خارج‬ (‫كامل‬ ‫منافسة‬ ‫اسوق‬)‫المناف‬ ‫تكون‬ ‫ان‬ ‫عليه‬ ‫يترتب‬ ‫مما‬‫سة‬ ‫والسعر‬ ‫الجودة‬ ‫اساس‬ ‫علي‬.
  15. 15. •‫ثالثا‬:‫المواطنين‬ •‫الجودة‬ ‫عالي‬ ‫منتج‬ ‫يعطي‬ ‫للسماد‬ ‫االمثل‬ ‫االستخدام‬ (‫محاصيل‬,‫خضار‬,‫فاكهة‬)‫صحية‬ ‫مشاكل‬ ‫يسبب‬ ‫ال‬ ‫الس‬ ‫تسبب‬ ‫التي‬ ‫وسطية‬ ‫مركبات‬ ‫تكون‬ ‫لعدم‬ ‫وذلك‬‫رطان‬. •‫بالسوق‬ ‫المنتجات‬ ‫لسعر‬ ‫النسبي‬ ‫اثبات‬.

×