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Arlene Mitchell, "Global Survey of School Meal Programs: Implications & Perspectives"

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Arlene Mitchell
SPECIAL EVENT
Global Survey of School Meal Programs: Implications & Perspectives
Co-Organized by Global Child Nutrition Foundation (GCNF) and IFPRI
APR 10, 2019 - 09:00 AM TO 12:30 PM EDT

Published in: Government & Nonprofit
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Arlene Mitchell, "Global Survey of School Meal Programs: Implications & Perspectives"

  1. 1. GLOBAL CHILD NUTRITION FOUNDATION April 2019 1
  2. 2. WHAT IS THE GLOBAL SURVEY OF SCHOOL MEAL PROGRAMS? A SET OF STANDARD QUESTIONS USING STANDARD DEFINITIONS ASKED OF ALL COUNTRIES IN THE WORLD ABOUT LARGE-SCALE SCHOOL FEEDING PROGRAMS EVERY TWO TO THREE YEARS BEGINNING IN EARLY 2019 2
  3. 3. HOW WILL THE SURVEY HELP COUNTRIES? THE SURVEY WILL ENABLE COUNTRIES TO  SHARE AND COMPARE DATA WITHIN AND BETWEEN PROGRAMS  IDENTIFY STRENGTHS, WEAKNESSES, NEEDS, AND TRENDS  RECOGNIZE AND ADDRESS DATA GAPS  LEARN FROM OTHER COUNTRIES  INVEST WITH DEEPER KNOWLEDGE  DIRECT EFFORTS TO THE AREAS OF GREATEST NEED  SHOW PROGRESS OVER TIME  BETTER ADVOCATE FOR RESOURCES 3
  4. 4. WHO WAS INVOLVED IN DEVELOPING THE SURVEY? 22 EXPERTS REVIEWED CORE CONTENTS; 10 REVIEWED THE QUESTIONNAIRE, INCLUDING INDIVIDUAL EXPERTS AND THOSE FROM: AUDA (formerly NEPAD), FAO, IFPRI, PCD, USDA, WFP, 5 UNIVERSITIES, PRIVATE SECTOR (2), AND GCNF’S BOARD OF DIRECTORS ORGANIZATIONS CONTRIBUTED UNIVERSITIES--5 PROFESSORS, 1 PHD RESEARCHER, 12 GRADUATE STUDENTS, 5 UNDERGRADUATES WERE INVOLVED THROUGH NOVEMBER 30, 2018 USDA: REIMBURSES GCNF FOR CERTAIN SIGNIFICANT PROJECT COSTS BETWEEN AUGUST 20, 2018 AND OCTOBER 30, 2021 (AGREEMENT NO. FX18TA-10960G002). GCNF MATCHES AT LEAST 80% WFP: REVIEWED THE CONTENTS AND QUESTIONNAIRE AND TRANSLATED THE SURVEY INTO ARABIC, CHINESE, FRENCH, PORTUGUESE, AND RUSSIAN 4
  5. 5. WHAT TOPICS DOES THE SURVEY COVER*? 5 * FOCUS IS ON THE MOST RECENTLY COMPLETED SCHOOL YEAR & ONLY * AN ACCOMPANYING GLOSSARY DEFINES TERMS TO HELP ENSURE UNDERSTANDING AND CONSISTENCY
  6. 6. 6 TOPICS IN SECTION A PRE-SURVEY QUESTIONS • Have a national/large scale program? • List the program(s) • If no, are there plans for one? • How many children received food (all programs)? • …One SY prior? • …Three SYs prior? • SY month/year started and ended • # school days in the year
  7. 7. 7 TOPICS IN SECTION B NATIONAL CONTEXT • Relevant national laws, policies, standards? • National government’s financial contribution - amount • Separate line item in the budget? • Food items prohibited? What? Why? • Food restrictions on/near school grounds? • Inter-sectoral coordinating body? • Country-wide monitoring system? • Components, frequency
  8. 8. 8 TOPICS IN SECTIONS C & D PROGRAM OVERVIEW • Program name, year started, responsible agency • Cost/year, # children (+ yr prior, 3 yrs prior), actual vs plans DESIGN & IMPLEMENTATION • Objectives & modalities; Cost per student/year • Modality worksheets: Targeting, grade levels, frequency & time intervals of food provision, food items used • Fortification? Supplements? Nutritionists? Paid? By whom? • Where was food prepared? Facilities? Mechanisms for
  9. 9. 9 SECTION D: COMPLEMENTARY PROGRAMS Section D also asks: • Are these mandatory? • If school gardens, what was done with the products? • Approaches to prevent or mitigate obesity?
  10. 10. 10 TOPICS IN SECTIONS E & F FOOD SOURCING • % of food in-kind (domestic/foreign); Purchased (where?) • If in-kind food, who provided it? • If purchased from local source, what %? Competitive procedures used? • Packaged, processed food? From where purchased? GOVERNANCE & LEADERSHIP • Management (de/centralization), shifts in management • Roles of different (gov’t) entities
  11. 11. 11 TOPICS IN SECTION G FUNDING & BUDGETING • Sources & amounts of funds: External/ international, Private sector, Government— national, regional, local • If external, what source? If national, was it part of the budget? Who decided the amount? • Cost breakdown (food; handling, transport, storage; one-time fixed; all other) • Did student families contribute? How? Mandatory? • Was funding adequate to achieve program targets?
  12. 12. 12 TOPICS IN SECTION H AGRICULTURE, EMPLOYMENT, COMMUNITY PARTICIPATION • Farmers involved? How? • Private sector involved? What size, & stage of intervention? • How many cooks/caterers? % women? Paid? Form of payment? Who paid? Any special training or certification required? • # paid jobs for specific job types • Focus on jobs/opportunities for women? Youth? Others? • Community engagement? Required? • Did students have prep, serving, or cleaning role?
  13. 13. 13 TOPICS COVERED IN SECTIONS I & J SCHOOL-BASED EMERGENCY FEEDING • Country affected by emergency? Type • Impact on school feeding? • Measures in place re SF for future emergencies? EDUCATION SYSTEM & INFRASTRUCTURE • Enrollment recorded? Attendance? By gender? • Student achievement tracked over time? By gender? Metrics? • Are indicators linked to individual students who received SF? • Does the school system include pre-school? • Infrastructure specifics
  14. 14. 14 TOPICS COVERED IN SECTION K SUCCESSES & CHALLENGES • 3 positive developments re SF • 3 strengths of SF programs • Major setbacks within past 5 years • Challenges/problems re SF • Concerns related to corruption/mismanagement • Major studies of SF? • Research/studies that would be helpful
  15. 15. HOW IT WAS DESIGNED TO WORK  EACH COUNTRY ASKED TO NAME A SURVEY FOCAL POINT TO  UNDERSTAND THE SURVEY AND CLARIFY ANY QUESTIONS FOR IMPLEMENTING THE SURVEY  GATHER THE DATA NEEDED FROM IN-COUNTRY STAKEHOLDERS  GAIN NEEDED APPROVAL(S) FOR THE DATA TO BE ENTERED INTO THE GLOBAL DATABASE  GCNF SURVEY “ASSOCIATES” WORK WITH THE FOCAL POINT TO CLARIFY ISSUES PRIOR TO SUBMISSION (IN PDF OR ONLINE FORM)  GCNF REVIEWS THE SURVEY AND RESOLVES ANY ISSUES WITH THE FOCAL POINT  THE FOCAL POINT GAINS GOVERNMENT APPROVAL FOR ENTERING THE DATA INTO THE DATABASE  GCNF PRODUCES AN ONLINE SUMMARY “COUNTRY REPORT” (ENGLISH ONLY) 15
  16. 16. SEPTEMBER 2018 – JANUARY 2019 PILOT  SURVEY DESIGN, GLOSSARY, & TRANSLATIONS COMPLETED IN SEPTEMBER 2018  BENIN, NEPAL, AND THE UNITED STATES COMPLETED THE PILOT  PILOT WAS SHARED WITH THE 61 COUNTRIES ATTENDING THE 2018 GCN FORUM IN TUNIS REVISIONS  SURVEY & GLOSSARY WERE MODIFIED, BASED ON THE PILOT EXPERIENCE  MOST TRANSLATION CHANGES COMPLETED BY MID-JANUARY(RUSSIAN AND PORTUGUESE WERE COMPLETED LATE FEBRUARY) 16
  17. 17. JANUARY 2019—FEBRUARY 2019 FOCAL POINT DESIGNATION  RESEARCH OF CONTACTS TO GOVERNMENT ENTITIES RESPONSIBLE FOR SCHOOL FEEDING  BEGAN CONFIRMATION OF INFO RECEIVED AT FORUM  OUTREACH (EMAIL WITH FORMAL LETTER ATTACHED) BEGAN STAFFING  IDENTIFICATION OF COORDINATORS (“REGIONAL SUPERVISORS” TO GUIDE WORK BY REGION &/OR LANGUAGE GROUP)  IDENTIFICATION OF ASSOCIATES (TO SUPPORT SPECIFIC COUNTRIES, LANGUAGES, ETC. ) WORLDWIDE IMPLEMENTATION UNDERWAY 17
  18. 18. 18 GLOBAL SURVEY TEAM “ASIA & OCEANIA” “REST OF THE WORLD” AFRICA Mamta@gcnf.org (English) Coordinator based in Nepal Ayala@gcnf.org (English) Coordinator based in Seattle Alice@gcnf.org (English & French) Coordinator based in Cameroon Kholood@gcnf.org (Arabic & English) Associate based in Seattle Federico@gcnf.org (Spanish & English) Coordinator/LAC based in Seattle Liliane@gcnf.org (French & English) Deputy based in Burundi Mary@gcnf.org (English) Associate based in India Darcy@gcnf.org (English) Associate based in Seattle Olivier@gcnf.org (French & English) Associate-Democratic Rep. of Congo Melissa@gcnf.org (English) Associate based in Nepal Paige@gcnf.org (English) Associate based in Seattle Priscilia@gcnf.org (French & English) Associate based in Cameroon Zhanna@gcnf.org (Russian & English) Based in Kazakhstan Terry@gcnf.org (English) Associate based in Seattle
  19. 19. HOW IT IS TO WORK, AFTER THE 2019 SURVEY IS COMPLETE  2019 DATA IS “LOCKED” IN THE DATABASE AND CANNOT BE CHANGED  COUNTRY REPORTS ARE AVAILABLE TO THE COUNTRIES AND PUBLICLY  ACCESS TO ADDITIONAL DATA (BEYOND WHAT IS IN THE COUNTRY REPORTS)  REQUEST ACCESS FROM GCNF  GCNF PROVIDES ACCESS  SPECIAL REPORTS ENCOURAGED AND CAN BE COMPLETED BY ANY COUNTRY, ORGANIZATION, OR RESEARCHER  ANY MODIFICATIONS IN THE 2019 SURVEY TO BE DECIDED BY EOY 2020  SECOND SURVEY ROUND TO BE CONDUCTED IN 2021  THE CYCLE REPEATS THEREAFTER 19
  20. 20. STATUS AND IMPLICATIONS FOR FUTURE  “SOFT ROLL-OUT” VERSUS “LAUNCH” AND CHANGE IN STAFFING PLAN WERE GOOD MOVES  SURVEY RESULTS ARE STRONGEST WHERE  RESOURCES MIGHT BE AT STAKE (e.g., McGOVERN-DOLE COUNTRIES)  GCNF/SURVEY STAFF IS KNOWN  PARTNERS ARE ACTIVELY INVOLVED  ONLINE TRANSLATION SERVICES ARE FAIRLY EFFECTIVE, BUT MORE COMPLETE TRANSLATIONS AND LANGUAGE SKILLS WOULD BE USEFUL  NEW STRATEGIES NEEDED FOR COUNTRIES WHERE CURRENT CONTACTS ARE NOT WORKING  ONLINE TOOK LONGER & COSTING MORE THAN PLANNED. NEEDED FOR DATA MANAGEMENT, REPORTING, RESEARCH  SURVEY WILL NOT BE COMPLETED BY JUNE 30 FOR 150 COUNTRIES AS HOPED; McGOVERN- DOLE COUNTRIES POSSIBLE. NEW GOAL IS TO COMPLETE BY END OF YEAR (KEEPING 2017/18 SY AS CORE) 20
  21. 21. 21 ACTION STATUS NOW COMMENTS Preliminary outreach initiated 161 Easiest for Forum attendees; WFP and other partners helpful; several countries for which no starting point Focal point confirmed 63 Difficult, often bureaucratic task. Even Forum and partner contacts change frequently. Personal contact works best Survey in process 26 Countries aren’t asking for help when in process, requiring careful reviews and painful follow up actions Survey reviewed/completed; Country Reports in process 14 Painstaking at first, now somewhat streamlined. Biggest issues focus on numbers (budget, student) and program/modality differentiation Country Reports completed 4 Some items cannot be uniformly reported. Examples: Budget funders; relevant student levels; narratives Entered in on-line database 0 Database development behind schedule. We have reverted to PDFs for all; data entry will be challenge going forward
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  25. 25. WE OWE THANKS TO ALL OUR PARTNERS AND SPONSORS —ESPECIALLY USDA/MCGOVERN-DOLE— FOR THEIR SUPPORT 25
  26. 26. WWW.GCNF.ORG 26

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