Agriculture, nutrition and health: Conceptualizing the Linkages

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Presentation by John Hoddinott at 2020 Conference on "Leveraging agriculture for improving nutrition and health," November 11, 2011

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Agriculture, nutrition and health: Conceptualizing the Linkages

  1. 1. AGRICULTURE,  HEALTH  AND  NUTRITION Conceptualizing  the  Linkages John  Hoddinott February  11,  2011
  2. 2. SettingsPHYSICALClimate,  geography,  infrastructure,  diseases ECONOMIC Policies  affecting  the  level,  returns,   and  variability  of  returns  on  assets  SOCIALTrust,  social  cohesion,  gender  roles,  norms  of  behavior GOVERNANCE How  rules  and  policies  are  LEGAL set  and  implementedRules  and  regulations  affecting  economic  exchange  and  health 2
  3. 3. “Household”  Resources ASSETS Land Equipment Livestock TIME Financial Social HUMAN  CAPITAL HealthHUMAN  CAPITAL Nutrition Knowledge   Schooling 3
  4. 4. Agriculture,  Health,  and  Nutrition ASSETS TIME KNOWLEDGE  &   SCHOOLING Agricultural   Other   Production IncomeNUTRITION HEALTH 4
  5. 5. Agriculture,  Health,  and  Nutrition ASSETS TIME KNOWLEDGE  &   SCHOOLING HEALTH Health  goods Agricultural   Markets Food Production Quantity Value  Chain Quality,  diversityOther  Income Other  goods Saving 5
  6. 6. Agriculture,  Health,  and  Nutrition ASSETS TIME KNOWLEDGE  &   SCHOOLING HEALTH Health  goods Agricultural   Markets Food Production Quantity Value  Chain QualityOther  Income Other  goods Saving 6
  7. 7. Agriculture,  Health,  and  Nutrition ASSETS TIME KNOWLEDGE  &   SCHOOLING HEALTH Health  goods Agricultural   Markets Food Production Quantity Value  Chain QualityOther  Income NUTRITION Other  goods Saving 7
  8. 8. Agriculture,  Health,  and  Nutrition ASSETS TIME KNOWLEDGE  &   SCHOOLING HEALTH Health  goods Agricultural   Markets Food Production Quantity Value  Chain QualityOther  Income NUTRITION Other  goods Saving 8
  9. 9. Agriculture,  Health,  and  Nutrition ASSETS TIME KNOWLEDGE  &   SCHOOLING HEALTH Health  goods Agricultural   Markets Food Production Quantity Value  Chain QualityOther  Income NUTRITION Other  goods Saving 9
  10. 10. Agriculture,  Health,  and  Nutrition ASSETS TIME KNOWLEDGE  &   SCHOOLING HEALTH Health  goods Agricultural   Markets Food Production Quantity Value  Chain QualityOther  Income NUTRITION Other  goods Saving 10
  11. 11. Pathways  through  which  changes  in  agriculture   affect  health  and  nutrition CHANGING1. Households’  ability  to   4. The  amount  and  intensity  of   purchase  goods  that  directly   time  allocated  across   affect  health  and  nutrition agriculture,  health  and  2. The  types  of  goods  available   nutrition to  households  through  the   5. Assets  that  affect   introduction  of  new  crops  or   health  and  nutrition  status through  changes  introduced   6. Intra-­‐household   during  processing allocation  rules3. Exposure  to  pesticides,   agriculture  associated  diseases   and  work-­‐related  accidents 11
  12. 12. Summary Agriculture  matters  to  health  and  nutrition Health  and  nutrition  matter  to  agricultureLinks  from  agriculture  to  health  and  nutrition  are  often  – but  not  always  – beneficial The  challenge  for  all  stakeholders  is  to  find  ways  to   maximize  these  benefits  while  minimizing  the  risks 12

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