2013 Global Food Policy Report Berlin Launch Event


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Presentation by Shenggen Fan, IFPRI Director General, at "Berlin Launch of IFPRI’s 2013 Global Food Policy Report" event. June 11, 2014 in Berlin, Germany. Event details at: http://www.ifpri.org/event/berlin-launch-ifpri-s-2013-global-food-policy-report

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2013 Global Food Policy Report Berlin Launch Event

  1. 1. Global food policy highlights Nutrition gets the spotlight • Increased investments – G8 Nutrition for Growth Summit • Expansion of New Alliance for Food Security and Nutrition • Bigger momentum of SUN Movement • New evidence – The Lancet Series Post-2015 agenda and SDGs gain traction • Recognition of linkages among development outcomes • BUT lack of consensus on agriculture, food, and nutrition goals
  2. 2. Regional and national developments • Africa: CAADP turns 10; Development of Science Agenda for Agriculture in Africa • Middle East & North Africa: Impressive food policies incl. land reform, open data initiative • Central Asia & Russia: New reforms incl. improved agricultural productivity, agribusiness competitiveness, and trade • South Asia: Strategic actions for ensuring food security and adapting to climate change; India’s Right to Food Act
  3. 3. Post-2015 agenda End hunger and undernutrition by 2025  For ethical and economic reasons  Evidence from various countries suggests it is realistic to pursue this goal
  4. 4. 0 10 20 30 40 50 DRC Madagascar Ethiopia Nepal Yemen Uganda Tanzania Burma Bangladesh Kenya Sudan Nigeria Pakistan India Vietnam Philippines Indonesia US$ Economic returns to US$ 1 invested in reducing stunting Source: Hoddinott et al. 2013 Undernutrition leads to • Impaired physical and cognitive development • Productivity losses • Problems of social inclusion Economic losses (% of GDP) • Global: 2-3% • Ethiopia: 17% • India: 2.5% • Uganda: 6% Source: Stein and Qaim 2007; AUC, NEPAD, UNECA, WFP 2013; FAO 2013 Undernutrition is costly But nutrition investments have high returns
  5. 5. 0 5 10 15 20 25 Percent Achievable scenario, Undernourishment Achievable scenario, Stunting BAU scenario, Stunting BAU scenario, Undernourishment Prevalence of global undernourishment and stunting under business as usual (BAU) and achievable scenarios Source: Based on data from FAO 2013 and WDI 2013 5% residual To end undernourishment and stunting by 2025, prevalence needs to decline by • 7% annually for undernourishment • 12% annually for stunting What will it take to end hunger and undernutrition by 2025?
  6. 6. The right strategies can speed up progress
  7. 7.  Agricultural growth enhances hunger reduction • Increases household incomes and diversifies diets • Reduces food prices to benefit poor net food buyers • Creates employment; stimulates rural nonfarm economy • Generates government revenues  Subsectoral growth matters (e.g. small vs. large farms; staple vs. cash crops) Source: Pauw and Thurlow 2010  Whether subsectoral growth reduces hunger depends on • Its linkages with rest of economy • Its initial size and geographic concentration • Its growth potential • Market opportunities Source: Fan and Brzeska 2012 Role of agricultural growth strategies -2 -1.5 -1 -0.5 0 Maize Pulses & oilseeds Horticulture Livestock Export crops Percent Calorie deficiency-growth elasticities, Tanzania (2000-07)
  8. 8. Role of social protection strategies 0 5 10 15 20 25 Ecuador, food Ecuador, cash Ecuador, vouchers Uganda, food Uganda, cash % Change in caloric acquisition Change in Food Consumption Score (FCS) Impact of transfers relative to non-recipient households in Ecuador and Uganda Source: Hoddinott et al. 2013 Note: FCS is a frequency-weighted measures of food diversity  Social safety nets promote growth by • Building assets and protecting them from shocks • Reducing inequality • Facilitating structural reform • Increasing effective allocation of resources  Effectiveness depends on proper design and implementation  Effective safety nets should have • Clear objective • Feasible means of targeting • Reliable transfer mode • Sound M&E system • Transparency Role of social protection strategies
  9. 9.  Acceleration of progress in nutrition requires • Nutrition-specific interventions to address immediate causes such as inadequate nutrient intake  E.g. micronutrient supplementation • Nutrition-sensitive programs to address underlying causes such as inadequate access to healthcare and sanitation  E.g. water and sanitation  Nutrition-sensitive programs can serve as delivery platforms for nutrition-specific interventions • Increases scale, coverage, and effectiveness Source: Bhutta et al. 2013; Ruel and Alderman 2013 Role of nutrition strategies
  10. 10. Approaches to ending hunger and undernutrition by 2025 1. Promote country-led strategies and investments 2. Scale-up evidence-based policies and policy experiments 3. Facilitate knowledge sharing and transfer 4. Enhance role of the private sector 5. Support data revolution on hunger and undernutrition
  11. 11. Highlights from IFPRI’s 2020 Conference  Resilience is about • capabilities at all levels to predict, prevent, cope with, recover, and even prosper after shocks • bridging gap between short-term relief and long-term development goals • a systems way of thinking  Effective measurement of resilience is crucial  Multi-disciplinary, multi-actor approaches should be employed  Mainstreaming resilience into research, programming, and policies is a must Resilience critical to end hunger and undernutrition by 2025
  12. 12. End hunger and undernutrition by 2025  For ethical and economic reasons  Evidence from various countries suggests it is realistic to pursue this goal  BUT governments and donors must devote sufficient resources and implement appropriate policies
  13. 13. “It always seems impossible until it's done” - Nelson Mandela