AGRICULTURE, HEALTH AND NUTRITION    Conceptualizing the Linkages            John Hoddinott             February 11, 2011
SettingsPHYSICALClimate, geography,infrastructure, diseases                                      ECONOMIC                 ...
“Household” Resources       ASSETS        • Land        • Equipment        • Livestock                                    ...
Agriculture, Health, and Nutrition       ASSETS          TIME    KNOWLEDGE &                                SCHOOLING     ...
Agriculture, Health, and Nutrition      ASSETS      TIME            KNOWLEDGE &                                   SCHOOLIN...
Agriculture, Health, and Nutrition      ASSETS               TIME        KNOWLEDGE &                                      ...
Agriculture, Health, and Nutrition      ASSETS               TIME        KNOWLEDGE &                                      ...
Agriculture, Health, and Nutrition      ASSETS               TIME        KNOWLEDGE &                                      ...
Agriculture, Health, and Nutrition      ASSETS               TIME        KNOWLEDGE &                                      ...
Agriculture, Health, and Nutrition      ASSETS               TIME        KNOWLEDGE &                                      ...
Pathways through which changes in agriculture           affect health and nutrition                             CHANGING1....
Summary       Agriculture matters to health and nutrition       Health and nutrition matter to agricultureLinks from agric...
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Agriculture, health and nutrition: conceptualizing the linkages

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John Hoddinott
2020 Conference on "Leveraging Agriculture for Improving Nutrition and Health"
February 11, 2011

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Agriculture, health and nutrition: conceptualizing the linkages

  1. 1. AGRICULTURE, HEALTH AND NUTRITION Conceptualizing the Linkages John Hoddinott February 11, 2011
  2. 2. SettingsPHYSICALClimate, geography,infrastructure, diseases ECONOMIC Policies affecting the level, returns, and variability of returns on assetsSOCIALTrust, social cohesion,gender roles, norms of behavior GOVERNANCE How rules and policies areLEGAL set and implementedRules and regulations affectingeconomic exchange and health 2
  3. 3. “Household” Resources ASSETS • Land • Equipment • Livestock TIME • Financial • Social HUMAN CAPITAL • HealthHUMAN CAPITAL • Nutrition• Knowledge• Schooling 3
  4. 4. Agriculture, Health, and Nutrition ASSETS TIME KNOWLEDGE & SCHOOLING Agricultural Other Production IncomeNUTRITION HEALTH 4
  5. 5. Agriculture, Health, and Nutrition ASSETS TIME KNOWLEDGE & SCHOOLING HEALTH Health goods Agricultural Markets Food Production •Quantity Value Chain •Quality, diversityOther Income Other goods Saving 5
  6. 6. Agriculture, Health, and Nutrition ASSETS TIME KNOWLEDGE & SCHOOLING HEALTH Health goods Agricultural Markets Food Production •Quantity Value Chain •QualityOther Income Other goods Saving 6
  7. 7. Agriculture, Health, and Nutrition ASSETS TIME KNOWLEDGE & SCHOOLING HEALTH Health goods Agricultural Markets Food Production •Quantity Value Chain •QualityOther Income NUTRITION Other goods Saving 7
  8. 8. Agriculture, Health, and Nutrition ASSETS TIME KNOWLEDGE & SCHOOLING HEALTH Health goods Agricultural Markets Food Production •Quantity Value Chain •QualityOther Income NUTRITION Other goods Saving 8
  9. 9. Agriculture, Health, and Nutrition ASSETS TIME KNOWLEDGE & SCHOOLING HEALTH Health goods Agricultural Markets Food Production •Quantity Value Chain •QualityOther Income NUTRITION Other goods Saving 9
  10. 10. Agriculture, Health, and Nutrition ASSETS TIME KNOWLEDGE & SCHOOLING HEALTH Health goods Agricultural Markets Food Production •Quantity Value Chain •QualityOther Income NUTRITION Other goods Saving 10
  11. 11. Pathways through which changes in agriculture affect health and nutrition CHANGING1. Households’ ability to 4. The amount and intensity of purchase goods that directly time allocated across affect health and nutrition agriculture, health and2. The types of goods available nutrition to households through the 5. Assets that affect introduction of new crops or health and nutrition status through changes introduced 6. Intra-household during processing allocation rules3. Exposure to pesticides, agriculture associated diseases and work-related accidents 11
  12. 12. Summary Agriculture matters to health and nutrition Health and nutrition matter to agricultureLinks from agriculture to health and nutrition are often – but not always – beneficialThe challenge for all stakeholders is to find ways to maximize these benefits while minimizing the risks 12

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