Achieving the MDG1- what role did agriculture play: the case of Ghana

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Anna Lartey
2020 Conference on "Leveraging Agriculture for Improving Nutrition and Health"
February 11, 2011

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Achieving the MDG1- what role did agriculture play: the case of Ghana

  1. 1. Achieving the MDG1- what role did Agriculture play: The case of GhanaLeveraging Agriculture for Improving Nutrition and Health New Delhi, February 10-12, 2011 Anna Lartey (Associate Professor) Department of Nutrition & Food Science University of Ghana Sl 1 1
  2. 2. Ghana will be the first country inSub-Saharan Africa to achieve MDG 1Goal 1: Reduce by half the proportionof people who suffer from extremepoverty and hunger 2
  3. 3. Reducing extreme poverty: How are wedoing?Source: Millennium Development Goal Report, April 2010 3
  4. 4. Reducing underweight: How are we doingSource: Millennium Development Goal Report, April 2010 4
  5. 5. Importance of Agriculture to GhanaAgriculture contributes the largest share of the GDP- 37%Ghana’s work force in Agriculture sector: 60%Total female population in Agricultural sector: 49%Significant growth in Agricultural From 4% in 2000 to 6% in 2005Ghana is largely food sufficient in the major foodStaples: Cereal-51%; Fish- 60%; Meat- 50% Sl 2 5
  6. 6. Factors contributing to Ghana’sprogress School feeding program boots local food production and brings income to farmers GPRS I&II Subsidies on fertilizers, support to Significant growth GPRS I&II farmers: improved in Agriculture fromModernization seeds etc, ploughing 4% in 2000 to 6%of Agriculture in 2005 Good Governance and National /political stability 6
  7. 7. Factors contributing to Ghana’sprogress Community-basedNational food Infant and young food and Nutrition fortification child feeding: EBF, Security Programs program adequate complementary feeding Good Governance and National /political stability 7
  8. 8. Community-based food and NutritionSecurity Programs: Linking Agriculture toimprove nutrition and food security Food security: Back Growth yard garden; Monitoring & Fruit tree Promotion panting Small animal rearing Micro- Started with 4 districts finance now being scaled up to 65 districts 8
  9. 9. Factors contributing to Ghana’sprogress National Livelihood Health Empowerment Free maternal Ghana as Insurance Against health HIPC Scheme poverty services (NHIS) (LEAP) Good Governance and National /political stability 9

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