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Authored By Prof. Antoinette Schoar (Massachusetts Institute of Technology) - Principal Researcher Prof. Raj Kamal Iyer (Massachusetts Institute of Technology) - Principal Researcher  Sandya Kumar (SEFC –IFMR Research )- Sr.Research Associate Are there cultural determinants of entrepreneurship?
[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],Presentation Flow
[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],Motivation  Ethnicity & Entrepreneurship
[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],History of Entrepreneurship in India  Source : D.R Gadgil’s study on the origin of Indian business class
[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],Ethnicity & Entrepreneurship:  Indian Perception & Stereotypes
Research Question Are there cultural determinants of entrepreneurship?
[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],The Set Up
Wholesale market in Chennai
[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],Entrepreneurs in Pen wholesale industry
[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],Methodology
[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],Field Setup
[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],Outcome variables
[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],Major findings 1 - Wholesaler The findings indicate that the different ethnic groups seem to have a very different bargaining strategy in terms of the final prices they agree upon and price they offer as the starting point of the negotiation. Type of trader  Average price  per type of trader (Rs.)  Tamilian  4.50  Andhrite  4.72  Marwari  3.96
[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],This contradicts the local stereotype that Marwari wholesalers will always ask for higher upfront   payment because of their shrewd business skills. And  such a behavior might either be a sign that the Marwari’s are most generous and trusting or alternatively it could signal that they are willing to take more risk in their relationship with customers. Major findings 2 - Wholesaler
[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],Major findings 3 – Buyer (auditor ) The reason for such a behavior could be the difference in the bargaining skill or the difference in the treatment of the wholesalers to buyers.  Buyer Ethnicity  Average price  per type of buyer (Rs.)  Tamilian  4.50  Andhrite  4.59  Marwari  4.42
[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],Major findings 4 - Buyer
[object Object],[object Object],Major findings 5 - Match This suggests that wholesalers might engage in differential treatment between buyers of different ethnic groups.
[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],Major findings 6 - Match The results suggest that on average the wholesalers do not seem to ask for a  different (smaller) upfront payment if the buyer is from the same ethnic group
Conclusion ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],Conclusion  The study suggest that all business transactions in the SME sector have a combination of formal and informal contracting and the ethnicity of the parties plays an important role in determining the features of the contract .
[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],Follow up
Thank You!

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Are there cultural determinants of entrepreneurship?

  • 1. Authored By Prof. Antoinette Schoar (Massachusetts Institute of Technology) - Principal Researcher Prof. Raj Kamal Iyer (Massachusetts Institute of Technology) - Principal Researcher Sandya Kumar (SEFC –IFMR Research )- Sr.Research Associate Are there cultural determinants of entrepreneurship?
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