The latestopensourcesoftwareavailableandthelatestdevelopmentinict (1)
THE LATEST OPEN SOURCE SOFTWARE
THE LATEST DEVELOPMENT IN ICT
NAME : NURUL IFFAH NAJWA BINTI ZAKARIA
NUR ATIQAH BINTI OTHMAN
CLASS : 4 PRINSIP AKAUN
TEACHER’S NAME : ZURAINI BINTI ABDUL RAHMAN
I/C : 000604 -11-0148
Meaning of Open Source Software (OSS)
Open source software (OSS) is defined as computer software for which the source code and
certain other rights normally reserved for copyright holders are provided under a software license
that meets the Open Source Definition or that is in he public domain. This permits users to use,
change, and improve the software, and to redistribute it in modified or unmodified forms.
Meaning of Hardware
A computer's hardware consists of the physical components necessary to pirate and
interact with a computer. Since a computer's primary language is binary,devices are necessary to
convert our input into that language. The binary code coming out of the computer must also be
translated into something usable for the operator
Meaning of Software
Software is often divided into two categories:
Includes the operating system and all the utilities that enables the computer to function.
:Includes programs that do real work for users.For example, word processors, spreadsheets,
and database management systems fall under the category of applications software.
2.0 THE LATEST OPEN SOURCE OPERATING SYSTEM (OS)
2.1Meaning ofOpen Source OS
Open Source Operating System is the most important program that runs one computer that is free
to use, change, and improve the software, and to redistribute it in modified or unmodified forms.
Every general-purpose computer must have an operating system to run other programs.
Operating systems perform basic tasks, such as recognizing input from the keyboard, sending
output to the display screen, keeping track of files and directories on the disk, and controlling
peripheral devices such as disk drives and printers.
2.2Examples ofOpen Source OS
Kubuntu Linux 15.04
A user friendly operating system based on KDE, the K Desktop Environment.With a predictable
6 month release cycle and part of the Ubuntu project, Kubuntu is the GNU/Linux distribution for
everyone. Improved desktop, updated applications and increased usability features are just a few
of the surprises with this latest release date on 23.04.2015.Code name of kubuntu linux 15.04 is
Fedora Linux 22
A Linux-based operating system that showcases the latest in free and open source software.
Fedora is always free for anyone to use, modify, and distribute. It is built by people across the
globe who work together as a community: the Fedora Project. The Fedora Project is open anyone
is welcomed to join.This fedora linux 22 with the latest release date on 26.03.2015.GNOME 3.16
with a completely redesigned notification system and automatically hiding scrollbars.DNF
replacing yum as the default package manager.The default display server for the GNOME
3.0 THE LATEST OPEN SOURCE APPLICATION SOFTWARE
3.1Meaning ofOpen Source Application Software
Open Source Application Software (also called as end-user programs) includes database
programs, word processors, and spreadsheets. It is free to use, change, and improve the software,
and to redistribute it in modified or unmodified forms.
3.2Examples ofOpen Source Application Software
An office application set (for word processing, spreadsheet manipulation, picture drawing and
database access) compatible with all other major office application sets such as Office and
available for Windows and Mac as well as Linux and other UNIX systems.Microsoft Office
2016 - MicrosoftStore.com.Download Microsoft Office 2016 From The Microsoft Store For
RM449.99.Word, Excel, Powerpoint · Office 365 Personal.Brands: Surface Pro 3, Office 2016,
Office 365, Microsoft Lumia, Xbox One
An email application (for reading and writing email through a web client program) supporting
IMAP and SMTP and available for Windows and Mac as well as Linux and other UNIX
systems.This release date on 17.08.2014.
4.0 THE LATEST DEVELOPMEN IN ICT
1. Picasa has a different purpose than Adobe Lightroom
Even after using Picasa a little bit, its purpose becomes clear. That purpose is to move users
towards Google+ and Google services.On February 12, 2016, Google announced it was
discontinuing support for Picasa Desktop and Web Albums, effective March 15, 2016, and
focusing on the cloud-based Google Photos as its successor. Picasa Web Albums, a companion
service, was closed on May 1, 2016.Adobe Lightroom version 6.4 released on January 27, 2016.
It is true that you can use Picasa completely independent of having a Google account. But when
it comes to sharing media, everything in Picasa becomes easier if you have a Google account.
So, while Picasa is a great tool for organizing and managing your digital media, Picasa is mainly
about sharing media using Google services.
Lightroom on the other hand has only one purpose and that is centered around you as the
photographer. You as the photographer use Lightroom to get your photography tasks done
regardless of trainer or Google or YouTube or Facebook or any other platform you want to
showcase your pictures on. Lightroom provides plugin so you could actually explored all your
photos to any of the well-known online services that are available.
2.Processing raw photos with Picasa is fundamentally different than Adobe
Every digital photo management program needs to first convert a RAW photo before displaying
it to you. While this is fine for viewing purposes, when editing a RAW digital photo, you want
your edits to be applied to the RAW image. This is why you shoot in RAW format to begin with.
However, Picasa only knows how to edit JPEG photos.
So how does Picasa handle RAW photos? Well, Picasa tricks you!
Picasa transforms every raw photo into a JPEG before showing it to you
and before applying any photo editing algorithms to it. So instead of taking advantage of the
added information in the RAW format, when you are editing a RAW photo in Picasa, you are in
fact editing a compressed image.
3.Image metadata management is quite different in Picasa vs Lightroom
Metadata is the key to organizing large quantity of data in general, and in particular it is
the key to organizing your media with more dimensions When it comes to photography,
metadata is best when embedded in the image file itself (for JPEG and DNG formats at
least). When it comes to creating this image metadata Picasa and Lightroom are
Picasa has taken the minimalist approach. Picasa will allow you to
see EXIF information, add keywords (in both IPTC and XMP formats) and geotags (in
the right place in EXIF) using a beautiful integration with Google Maps.
This will cover 80% of world’s photographers probably and it takes care of the minimal
set of metadata most people will ever use. Except when you need more.
5.0 PERVASIVE COMPUTING
5.1 MEANING OF PERVASIVE COMPUTING
Pervasive computing is an emerging trend associated with embedding microprocessors in day-to-
day objects, allowing them to communicate information. It is also known as ubiquitous
computing. The terms ubiquitous and pervasive signify "existing everywhere." Pervasive
computing systems are totally connected and consistently available.
Pervasive computing goes past the arena of desktops so that virtually any device, from apparel to
kitchen appliances, could be embedded with microchips, connecting these devices to a boundless
network of other gadgets.
5.2 EXAMPLES OF PERVASIVE COMPUTING
Smart TV, which is also sometimes referred to as "Connected TV" or "Hybrid TV", (not to be
confused with Internet TV, Web TV, or LG Electronics's upcoming "SMART TV"branded
NetCast Entertainment Access devices), is the phrase used to describe the current trend of
integration of the internet and Web 2.0 features into modern television sets and set-top boxes, as
well as the technological convergence between computers and these television sets /set-top
boxes. These new devices most often also have a much higher focus on online interactive media,
Internet TV, over-the-top content, as well as on-demand streaming media, and less focus on
traditional broadcast media like previous generations of television sets and set-top boxes always
The Global Positioning System (GPS) is a space-based global navigation satellite system
(GNSS) that provides location and time information in all weather, anywhere on or near the
Earth, where there is an unobstructed line of sight to four or more GPS satellites. It is maintained
by the United States government and is freely accessible by anyone with a GPS receiver. The
GPS project was developed in 1973 to overcome the limitations of previous navigation systems,
integrating ideas from several predecessors, including a number of classified engineering design
studies from the 1960s. GPS was created and realized by the U.S.Department of Defense
(USDOD) and was originally run with 24 satellites. It became fully operational in 1994.Latest
Version: EasyGPS 5.77 - July 25, 2016.Recently added features: Added support for latest
Garmin and Lowrance GPS receivers, fitness products, and chartplotters.
Open Source can be used by anyone and because it has no copyright claims, so users are free to
use, change, and improve the software, and to redistribute it in modified or unmodified forms.
Pervasive Computing is to make our lives easier because we can interact with computers.
Besides that, we can easily give the computer commands and the computer will grant your
wish.This development is founded on literature studies and initial studies at two distance
education institutions.The aim of the research presented in this thesis is to contribute to the
design of CSdCL environments of good pedagogical quality.