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The 24th of July is the anniversary of the first uncensored newspapers published and is celebrated as Press Freedom Day. On the 25th of July 1908, during the Constitutional Era of the Ottoman Empire, nNewspapers were published for the first time according to the preference of journalists rather than the censorship officers. on 25 July 1908 during Constitutional Era of Ottoman Empire. Upon the suggestion of journalist and writer Refik Halid Karay, the 24th of July was started being celebrated as “Press Day” sincefor 22 years beginning from 1948, until the intervention of the Turkish Armed Forces which gavegiving Cevdet Sunay, then president of the republic, Cevdet Sunay a memorandum on 12 March 1971 forcing the government to resign. Following this incident resembled an army coup, the Journalists' Association of Turkey decided to changed the celebration title from “Press Day” to “Press Freedom Day”, which continues up until now.
. Therefore, 24th of July has been celebrated as “Press Freedom Day” rather than “Press Day” since 1971.
But isIf that’s so, is press freedom effectual in Turkey after 42 years? Let’s seek the answer in the Imprisoned Journalists’ Report, prepared by the MP’s of the Republican People’s Party.
• The number of the journalists imprisoned and released since from the beginning of 2009 is already 120.
• Today there areThere are still 70 journalists in prison and tens of thousands of cases and inquiries concerning more than 500 journalists.
• There are dozens of journalists on trial forwith the demand of life sentence in solitary confinement, without the and with no possibility of parole for 500 years. for 500 years each.
• All cases filed against journalists feature a “legal organization link” (is there a better translation for this?) claim within the meaning of Anti-terror Law and Turkish Criminal Code.
• Basic news reporting activities, such as assigning a journalists to a for a story and, sharing intelligence with colleagues, are described as acts of terror acts in the indictments.
• In all cases, statements of specific opinions and, possessing specific books, newspapers and, magazines were counted as crimes elements.
• Long periods of argumentation (what do you mean by this?) and imprisonment are also common among journalists.
To sum up iTo sum up, n the words ofremembering Marx words saying “the pPress in general terms is a realizationfulfillment of freedom of human freedom”, and hence it is obvious that Turkey has far to go to implement this.