Increasing small farm technology and sustainable resource management

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  • 13/06/11
  • Increasing small farm technology and sustainable resource management

    1. 1. Conference on New Directions for Smallholder Agriculture Rudy Rabbinge Increasing small farm technology and sustainable resource management 24 January 2011
    2. 2. <ul><li>1. Trends in agriculture </li></ul><ul><li>2. Farming systems in various regions </li></ul><ul><li>3. Science and technologies for small farmers </li></ul><ul><li>4. Conclusions and recommendations </li></ul>Contents
    3. 3. Contents <ul><li>1. Trends in agriculture </li></ul><ul><li>2. Farming systems in various regions </li></ul><ul><li>3. Science and technologies for small farmers </li></ul><ul><li>4. Conclusions and recommendations </li></ul>
    4. 4. Megatrend (1): Productivity rise <ul><li>Land productivity x 5 - 6 </li></ul><ul><li>Labor productivity x 200 - 300 </li></ul><ul><li>Energy and other inputs x 2 - 4 </li></ul>1400 1910 2000 Grain production in NL between 1400 and 2000
    5. 5. Megatrend (2): From craft to industry <ul><li>From adaptive (adapting to environment) to maximum control (fertilizer, pesticides, irrigation) </li></ul><ul><li>Introduction of non-terrestrial agriculture </li></ul><ul><li>Greenhouse and substrate production </li></ul><ul><li>High level of value-added !! </li></ul>
    6. 6. Megatrend (3): Chain management <ul><li>From spade to plate </li></ul><ul><li>Reverse chain: consumer (or retail) driven </li></ul><ul><li>Quality, food safety, convenience foods, etc. </li></ul><ul><li>Logistic efficiency (on time delivery), unit cost of production </li></ul><ul><li>Value-added on numerous stages of the chain  cumulative </li></ul>
    7. 7. Megatrend (4): Multiple objectives <ul><li>Environmentally friendly </li></ul><ul><ul><li>no pollution </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>no waste </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Animal friendly </li></ul><ul><li>Landscape </li></ul>
    8. 8. Megatrend (5): An interactive knowledge model Excellent research and unique facilities Synergistic expertise of research groups Collaboration between research groups An active, innovative industry A committed society Networks with scientists Acknowledgment of mutual interests Supporting policies A facilitating government Policy Science Industry society New solutions
    9. 9. Contents <ul><li>1. Trends in agriculture </li></ul><ul><li>2. Farming systems in various regions </li></ul><ul><li>3. Science and technologies for small farmers </li></ul><ul><li>4. Conclusions and recommendations </li></ul>
    10. 10. Production systems Diversified – mixed systems <ul><li>Complex – many crops and animals together </li></ul><ul><li>Poor economies of scale </li></ul><ul><li>Little use of technologies and input </li></ul><ul><li>Technology not geared to mixed systems </li></ul><ul><li>Low productivity and efficiency not competitive </li></ul><ul><li>Reduced risk to environmental stress </li></ul><ul><li>Ensures (subsistence) livelihood </li></ul><ul><li>Spiral of poverty ? </li></ul>Land extensive Little use inputs
    11. 11. Farming systems in Africa Source: Dixon et al, 2001
    12. 12. Priority Farming systems Agricultural value added (worldbank) Underweight children (CIESIN) <ul><li>Irrigated system </li></ul><ul><li>Maize mixed system </li></ul><ul><li>Tree-crop system </li></ul><ul><li>Cereal-root crop mixed system </li></ul>Source: IAC-report Realizing the promise and potential of African Agriculture
    13. 13. Priority Farming systems Source: IAC-report Realizing the promise and potential of African Agriculture Irrigated system Maize mixed system Tree crop based system Cereal root crop mixed system Hunger Hotspot (CIESIN)
    14. 14. Production potential of SSA
    15. 15. Limiting conditions <ul><li>Small sized farmers </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Lack of credit </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Land tenure and property rights </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Access to markets </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Access to market information </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Education and extension </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>No dedicated technologies </li></ul></ul>
    16. 16. Contents <ul><li>1. Trends in agriculture </li></ul><ul><li>2. Farming systems in various regions </li></ul><ul><li>3. Science and technologies for small farmers </li></ul><ul><li>4. Conclusions and recommendations </li></ul>
    17. 17. Features <ul><li>Long term – endurance </li></ul><ul><li>Complex mixed production systems </li></ul><ul><li>Knowledge intensive (on the shelf inappropriate) </li></ul><ul><li>Small volume </li></ul><ul><li>High cost </li></ul><ul><li>“ Infant crop” - support </li></ul><ul><li>Local/regional markets </li></ul><ul><li>Niche markets for export </li></ul>
    18. 18. Science and technologies for smallholders <ul><li>An urgent need for technologies tailored for smallholders </li></ul><ul><li>More attention for orphan crops </li></ul><ul><li>More attention for low cost technologies </li></ul><ul><li>More attention for farming systems approach </li></ul><ul><li>Precision agriculture </li></ul><ul><li>Leap frogging technologies to high productive systems </li></ul><ul><li>Ecological literacy at all levels </li></ul>
    19. 19. Science and technology for small farmers <ul><li>Capacity building </li></ul><ul><li>Agricultural colleges </li></ul><ul><li>Vocational education </li></ul><ul><li>In service training </li></ul><ul><li>Corporate responsibilities </li></ul>
    20. 20. Role of private sector and public sector <ul><li>Private sector </li></ul><ul><li>- More investment in primary production </li></ul><ul><li>- Lead the supply chains and focus on smallholders </li></ul><ul><li>- Strengthen the capacity building </li></ul><ul><li>Public sector </li></ul><ul><li>- Investment in knowledge infrastructure </li></ul><ul><li>- Strengthen cooperatives and competitive power </li></ul><ul><li>- Develop appropriate land use and voluntary guidelines </li></ul>
    21. 21. Contents <ul><li>1. Trends in agriculture </li></ul><ul><li>2. Farming systems in various regions </li></ul><ul><li>3. Science and technologies for small farmers </li></ul><ul><li>4. Conclusions and recommendations </li></ul>
    22. 22. Recommendations <ul><li>Increase investments in agriculture and agricultural research </li></ul><ul><li>Create functioning institutions </li></ul><ul><li>Create and retain a new generation of scientists </li></ul><ul><li>Initiatives of IFAD very welcome </li></ul><ul><li>Strengthen entrepreneurship at all levels </li></ul><ul><li>Promote best ecological means and ecological literacy </li></ul>
    23. 23. Thank you for your attention

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