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Getting to the root cause of mobile telephony’s success Roxanna Samii International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFA...
Mobile phone: Catalyst for social inclusion <ul><li>Point of contact </li></ul><ul><li>Predominant mode of communication <...
Mobile phone: Catalyst for economic growth <ul><li>Small businesses participate in the economic system </li></ul><ul><li>A...
Mobile phone: catalyst for forging public-private partnership <ul><li>Infrastructure </li></ul><ul><li>Wide range of servi...
What I am not seeing? <ul><li>A new killer tool  </li></ul><ul><li>A drop in interest in mobile telephony </li></ul><ul><l...
How may the future have an impact? <ul><li>Too much focus on technology </li></ul><ul><li>Many competing applications </li...
What is on the other side? <ul><li>Equitable and timely access to information </li></ul><ul><li>Sense of belonging, commun...
What type of ICTs can be at the service of small-scale farmers? <ul><li>Affordable </li></ul><ul><li>Scalable </li></ul><u...
ICT4D mantra <ul><li>FOCUS on PEOPLE, not technology </li></ul><ul><li>Ensure ownership and appropriation </li></ul><ul><l...
Question time <ul><li>The last time you talked to a farmer and asked him/her what type of ICT does he/she needs and what a...
What is holding up adoption of ICTs in agriculture? <ul><li>Lack of systematic inclusion of ICTs in national poverty reduc...
Thank you <ul><li>www.ifad.org </li></ul><ul><li>www.ruralpovertyportal.org </li></ul><ul><li>[email_address] </li></ul><u...
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Root causes of success of mobile telephony

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Root causes of success of mobile telephony

  1. 1. Getting to the root cause of mobile telephony’s success Roxanna Samii International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD) CTA Observatory: Mobile services 2-4 November 2009
  2. 2. Mobile phone: Catalyst for social inclusion <ul><li>Point of contact </li></ul><ul><li>Predominant mode of communication </li></ul><ul><li>Reduces the digital divide </li></ul><ul><li>Accessible technology for previously marginalized groups </li></ul><ul><li>Relatively affordable and easy to use </li></ul><ul><li>Brings families together </li></ul><ul><li>Provides wide range of services (agriculture, health) </li></ul><ul><li>Social networking and knowledge transfer tool </li></ul>
  3. 3. Mobile phone: Catalyst for economic growth <ul><li>Small businesses participate in the economic system </li></ul><ul><li>Access to price information </li></ul><ul><li>Communication with buyers </li></ul><ul><li>New and innovative businesses </li></ul><ul><li>Increased job opportunity </li></ul><ul><li>Annual increase of 0.6% in GDP growth </li></ul><ul><li>Minimize travel cost </li></ul>“ When you get a mobile phone it is almost like having a card to get out of poverty in a couple of years” Muhammad Yunus
  4. 4. Mobile phone: catalyst for forging public-private partnership <ul><li>Infrastructure </li></ul><ul><li>Wide range of services </li></ul><ul><li>Capacity building </li></ul><ul><li>Risk taking and innovation </li></ul><ul><li>Challenge donors </li></ul>
  5. 5. What I am not seeing? <ul><li>A new killer tool </li></ul><ul><li>A drop in interest in mobile telephony </li></ul><ul><li>All donor organizations involved in ICT-related activities </li></ul><ul><li>Private sector becoming an implementation arm of development </li></ul>
  6. 6. How may the future have an impact? <ul><li>Too much focus on technology </li></ul><ul><li>Many competing applications </li></ul><ul><li>Investment only in profitable and sexy areas </li></ul><ul><li>Too many pilots with little or no documented results </li></ul><ul><li>Financial institutions putting restriction on m-banking </li></ul><ul><li>Strategic partnership with content providers </li></ul>
  7. 7. What is on the other side? <ul><li>Equitable and timely access to information </li></ul><ul><li>Sense of belonging, communities, networks </li></ul><ul><li>High quality local and relevant content </li></ul><ul><li>Many more local entrepreneurs and grassroots services/applications </li></ul><ul><li>Building local capacity to ensure sustainability </li></ul><ul><li>Communities becoming centre of infomediation </li></ul><ul><li>More public-private partnerships </li></ul><ul><li>Sustainability through ownership and appropriation of local communities </li></ul>
  8. 8. What type of ICTs can be at the service of small-scale farmers? <ul><li>Affordable </li></ul><ul><li>Scalable </li></ul><ul><li>Self-sustaining </li></ul><ul><li>Sensible </li></ul><ul><li>Appropriate </li></ul><ul><li>Participatory </li></ul>The availability and use of ICT is no longer optional A. Sen
  9. 9. ICT4D mantra <ul><li>FOCUS on PEOPLE, not technology </li></ul><ul><li>Ensure ownership and appropriation </li></ul><ul><li>Develop local content </li></ul><ul><li>Ensure language and cultural pertinence </li></ul><ul><li>Ensure participation </li></ul>
  10. 10. Question time <ul><li>The last time you talked to a farmer and asked him/her what type of ICT does he/she needs and what are his/her priorities in terms of ICTs did you get a satisfactory answer? </li></ul><ul><li>Can you share an example showing sustainable ICT for rural development projects, which goes beyond a pilot project? </li></ul><ul><li>Why were these projects successful? </li></ul>
  11. 11. What is holding up adoption of ICTs in agriculture? <ul><li>Lack of systematic inclusion of ICTs in national poverty reduction strategy </li></ul><ul><li>Building the capacity of communities and local organizations to lead and own the process of appropriation </li></ul><ul><li>Fragmented coordination among donors </li></ul><ul><li>Convergence of old and new technology to create a three-tier system: public, commercial and community </li></ul>
  12. 12. Thank you <ul><li>www.ifad.org </li></ul><ul><li>www.ruralpovertyportal.org </li></ul><ul><li>[email_address] </li></ul><ul><li>Twitter: rsamii </li></ul><ul><li>Skype: roxanna_samii </li></ul>

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