Lessons learned on project sustainability - joint presentation (Qaim Shah)

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Lessons learned on project sustainability - joint presentation (Qaim Shah)

  1. 1.  Annual performance review  WORKSHOP 1-4 March 2009 Bangkok, Thailand
  2. 2. SUSTAINABILITY <ul><li>Introduction </li></ul><ul><li>Sustainability is defined as the continuation of benefits from a development intervention after major development assistance has been completed. </li></ul><ul><li>Sustainability is concerned with results, i.e. impact and outcomes rather than activities and delivery mechanisms. </li></ul><ul><li>The IFAD Strategic Framework 2007-2010 explicitly identifies the achievement of sustainability as one of the organization’s six principles of engagement for country programmes and projects </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>Elements of Sustainability </li></ul><ul><li>Environmental – productivity conserved/ enhanced </li></ul><ul><li>Social – Participatory/Equitable </li></ul><ul><li>Economic – Beneficiaries befit from project activities </li></ul><ul><li>Institutional – institutions continue to perform support functions </li></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>Sustainability Performance </li></ul><ul><li>Social Sustainability – Social Mobilisation as means - vs Social mobilisation as an end – NOT SUSTAINABLE </li></ul><ul><li>Financial and Fiscal Sustainability- Mixed: Economic activities are expected to provide sustainable economic and financial benefits to participants. However these depend on the quality of social mobilisation . Public infrastructure projects are at risk because of government’s capacity to maintain them effectively </li></ul><ul><li>Institutional Sustainability - Absence of exit strategy for post Project arrangement. Time-bound arrangements for implementation vs permanent mainstream institutions as implementing partners </li></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>Causes </li></ul><ul><li>common causes of poor sustainability relate both to design and to implementation </li></ul><ul><ul><li>lack of focus on phasing-out/exit strategies </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>short project implementation periods </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Implementation emphasis on activities and delivery rather than on impact and outcomes. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Time bound implementation arrangements and mechanisms </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. <ul><li>The Way Forward </li></ul><ul><li>On the basis of lessons learned to date, IFAD is implementing a number of direct measures to improve the sustainability of its projects and programmes . </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Design for sustainability - Sustainability/or exit strategy should be included in design and implemented right from the outset. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>move away from time-bound organisations to permanent mainstream institutions as implementing partners </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Strengthen implementation support for social mobilisation </li></ul></ul>

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