IAPAR, No-till and Conservation Agriculture Rafael Fuentes  [email_address]
Surface under NT 2008 Australia 17,0   Other countries 5,0 Brazil 25,5 Paraguay 2,4 Argentina 25,8 116,9 millions ha Sourc...
PRINCIPLES <ul><ul><ul><li>NO TILLAGE AND MINIMUM SOIL DISTURBANCE </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>2. PERMANENT SOIL C...
200,000 km2 2.3% of country area 25% of grains production
RAINFALL  BALANCE IN LONDRINA (PR)
Oats Coffee Barley Triticale Rye Soybean Beans Cotton Maize Peanuts Rice Wheat Sugar cane Onion Tobacco Cassava Tomato Pot...
WINTER SOYBEAN MAIZE WINTER MAIZE OATS+RADISH+PEA BLACK OATS WHEAT BLACK OATS SUMMER
TOBACCO BEANS CORN CASSAVA
 
SURFACE UNDER NO-TILL IN BRAZIL Denardin  et al., 2008 Research Institutions and Universities
 
 
IAPAR First Period: 1972-1982 <ul><li>Soil Conservation Program with  25  researchers </li></ul><ul><li>Agreement IAPAR/IC...
 
IAPAR Second Period: 1983-1993 <ul><li>Cover crops and crop rotations </li></ul><ul><li>Research projects on multiple aspe...
 
 
 
 
IAPAR Third Period: 1994-2010 <ul><li>Validation and system improvement   </li></ul><ul><li>Dynamic evaluation of seeders ...
Consolidation of systems for small farmers   FEBRAPDP  project  33 seeders
 
 
Denardin, 2008
♣  ON PERENNIAL CROPS
Sweet pepper Cassava Onions Cucumber Tomato Squash ♣  VEGETABLES
 
SOIL AGGREGATION  Castro Filho et al, 1998
Active zone of aggregation Active zone of decomposition 0 - 5 cm New structure
Before and after Photos : Rolph Derpsch
Thank   you   ! [email_address]
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Iapar presentation day 3 conservation agriculture virtual field workshop in brazil

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Rafael Fuentes of IAPAR presents its research work since the 1970s on conservation agriculture to field workshop in Pato Branco, Parana State, to Project Breadbasket participants from Africa.

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Iapar presentation day 3 conservation agriculture virtual field workshop in brazil

  1. 1. IAPAR, No-till and Conservation Agriculture Rafael Fuentes [email_address]
  2. 2. Surface under NT 2008 Australia 17,0 Other countries 5,0 Brazil 25,5 Paraguay 2,4 Argentina 25,8 116,9 millions ha Source: Derpsch & Friedrich, 2010 ( millions ha 2007/08 ) Canada 13,5 USA 26,5 China 1,3
  3. 3. PRINCIPLES <ul><ul><ul><li>NO TILLAGE AND MINIMUM SOIL DISTURBANCE </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>2. PERMANENT SOIL COVER </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>3. CROP ROTATION </li></ul></ul></ul>
  4. 4. 200,000 km2 2.3% of country area 25% of grains production
  5. 5. RAINFALL BALANCE IN LONDRINA (PR)
  6. 6. Oats Coffee Barley Triticale Rye Soybean Beans Cotton Maize Peanuts Rice Wheat Sugar cane Onion Tobacco Cassava Tomato Potato Garlic
  7. 7. WINTER SOYBEAN MAIZE WINTER MAIZE OATS+RADISH+PEA BLACK OATS WHEAT BLACK OATS SUMMER
  8. 8. TOBACCO BEANS CORN CASSAVA
  9. 10. SURFACE UNDER NO-TILL IN BRAZIL Denardin et al., 2008 Research Institutions and Universities
  10. 13. IAPAR First Period: 1972-1982 <ul><li>Soil Conservation Program with 25 researchers </li></ul><ul><li>Agreement IAPAR/ICI and ABC cooperatives doing first research comparing No-till versus Conventional Till on diverse crop rotations (1975) </li></ul><ul><li>IAPAR/GTZ scientific cooperation generating basic and adaptive knowledge on diverse areas (1977) </li></ul><ul><li>First book on No-till published in Brazil (1981) </li></ul><ul><li>Breeding programs focused on genetic resistance and tolerance to pests and diseases </li></ul>
  11. 15. IAPAR Second Period: 1983-1993 <ul><li>Cover crops and crop rotations </li></ul><ul><li>Research projects on multiple aspects of No-till </li></ul><ul><li>Small farmers inclusion (PRORURAL 1983/1987) </li></ul><ul><li>First animal traction No-till seeder “Gralha Azul” created by IAPAR (1987) </li></ul><ul><li>Farming Systems Program and adaptive No-till for small farmers (1987/1993) </li></ul><ul><li>PARANARURAL Program and microwatershed approach (1987/1993) </li></ul>
  12. 20. IAPAR Third Period: 1994-2010 <ul><li>Validation and system improvement </li></ul><ul><li>Dynamic evaluation of seeders </li></ul><ul><li>Integrated weed control </li></ul><ul><li>Consolidation of small farmers systems </li></ul><ul><li>Crop rotations and cover crops </li></ul><ul><li>Crop & livestock integration </li></ul><ul><li>Perennial crops and agro-forestry </li></ul><ul><li>IAPAR/ITAIPU Project and Quality No-till </li></ul><ul><li>FAO Projects in Africa, Central Asia, Latin America and Caribbean countries </li></ul><ul><li>Organic No-till Systems </li></ul>
  13. 21. Consolidation of systems for small farmers FEBRAPDP project 33 seeders
  14. 24. Denardin, 2008
  15. 25. ♣ ON PERENNIAL CROPS
  16. 26. Sweet pepper Cassava Onions Cucumber Tomato Squash ♣ VEGETABLES
  17. 28. SOIL AGGREGATION Castro Filho et al, 1998
  18. 29. Active zone of aggregation Active zone of decomposition 0 - 5 cm New structure
  19. 30. Before and after Photos : Rolph Derpsch
  20. 31. Thank you ! [email_address]

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