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Practical experiences in targeting for project design and implementation


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Practical experiences in targeting for project design and implementation

  1. 1. Practical Experiences of Targeting Clare Bishop-Sambrook Bishop- March 2009, IFAD, Rome Targeting: An integral part of IFAD’s identity • Clear poverty focus • Always looks at how to engage with poor to address poverty, particularly important with policy shift to wealth creation • Practical projects on ground, not over-emphasise systems and agencies at centre • Helps to keep other donors thinking about the poor 1
  2. 2. Targeting makes a difference: Irrigation and Rural Livelihoods Project, Malawi IRLADP design before targeting Design after IFAD targeting • Focused on larger irrigation • Widened range of irrigation schemes (including pumping) schemes (small, mini, lower cost) • Roof water harvesting on private • RWH on public buildings; runoff roofs harvesting for livestock ponds, backyard gardens • Introduced grant ceilings • Lack of clarity regarding use of farmers’ fund • Farmer group formation and capacity building • Gender and HIV/AIDS • Minimal attention to gender and mainstreamed HIV/AIDS Overview of targeting approach Poverty and livelihoods analysis with gender perspective Targeting strategy Target group and priority needs Geographic/ Empowering Self Direct Enabling commodity Procedural M&E M&E; implementation support 2
  3. 3. Stage 1: Poverty and livelihoods analysis: Rural Livelihoods and Econ Enhancement Prog, Malawi Secondary data • Rural poverty and food security • Position of women and FHHs • HIV/AIDS epidemic • Policy responses Primary data • Wealth ranking and inter-relationships of smallholders • Wealth ranking and inter-relationships of other actors in value chain • Gender analysis Groundnut value chain: actors Farm Off-farm Transporters Traders Growers Middlemen Well-off Seed producers Local processors (mechanised) 5% Transporters Growers Middle wealth Traders Some seed producers Vendors 30% Primary assemblers Primary assemblers Growers Poor Local processors Labourers (hand)/retailers Rent out land 50% Labourers Labourers - shelling Very poor Rent out land 15% 3
  4. 4. Irish potato VC: Resource flows Rich farmers seed potatoes potatoes potatoes Well-off farmers Very poor potatoes potatoes seed potatoes seed Poor farmers Middle wealth farmers potatoes Value chain: HIV prevalence rates Mzuzu Lilongwe Chipata Nampula, Beira, Quelimane Ntcheu Blantyre 4
  5. 5. VC development risks Equity issues • benefits captured by elite • no trickle down to poorer value chain actors • some categories of actors lose their position in VC Gender issues • women's workloads increase but they have no share in additional income • women disempowered if their traditional enterprises become more profitable and men take over benefits • increase risk of HIV infection by strengthening market HIV/AIDS issues linkages, encouraging greater mobility and generating increased incomes • livelihood vulnerability differs between chain actors Stage 2: Targeting strategy Commodity/geographical targeting Enabling Self targeting Empowering • VC mapping and • Small grant facility • Participation + representation analysis of Agricultural in VC process and bodies methodology Commercialisation • Community sensitisation and • VC stakeholder Fund mobilisation workshops • Stabilising rural • Communication strategy • Capacity building of livelihoods service providers • Formation/strengthening • Poverty + gender farmer groups + other small mainstreaming enterprises • Capacity building for VC actors in basic business skills + entrepreneurship 5
  6. 6. Strategy (continued) Procedural M&E • TOR – PSU staff • Poverty and gender targets • Selection criteria for • Benefit monitoring, impact implementation partners, assessment service providers • MTR Stage 3: Implementation support: District Livelihoods Support Prog, Uganda Broad outreach Targeted outreach Well Participatory Agri-business and enterprise -off planning development Infrastructure FAL II business management Economically development active poor Land management FAL classes Agriculture productivity Transitory poor Food security Poorer Household mentoring Poorest Concerns: lack of synergy, emerging gap, inaccurate targeting 6
  7. 7. Household mentoring: The ‘wow’ factor • Individual HH visits by ext officer • Plan and set vision with adult HH members • Prepare HH action plan • Share benefits together • Indirectly address gender issues • Basis for VCT, HIV/AIDS planning ‘The household approach, together with the entrepreneurship training, has made a huge change in our lives. We already had the technical skills for growing crops but we needed the household approach to make them work.’ Zambia ASP farmer HH mentoring: Getting targeting right 7
  8. 8. Summary Targeting tools Targeting activities • Wealth ranking and pyramid • Sensitising implementers about importance of targeting • Component analysis • Setting targets • Strategy and matrix • VC mapping with poverty and • PCU prepares guidelines gender perspectives • Empowering poor and vulnerable to enter mainstream • Ring-fencing funds/activities to target poor and vulnerable • HH mentoring On field visits with IFAD, one always sees the beneficiaries 8