Durum wheat: increasing productivity and adding value


Published on

  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Total views
On SlideShare
From Embeds
Number of Embeds
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide
  • Yellow pigment
  • ?!
  • Pyramiding the QTLs for CID in durum: the main JKC-QTL is located on 4B and the main MDM QTL on 3B.
  • Durum wheat: increasing productivity and adding value

    1. 1. IFAD/ICARDA Knowledge Exchange Workshop, 26-29 October 2009   Knowledge and Technology Exchange for Enhanced Quality of IFAD/ICARDA Operations in the NENA region Durum wheat: increasing Productivity & adding value Miloudi M. Nachit
    2. 2. Durum growing areas in NENA are projected to become Drier, Hotter, & Variable
    3. 3. Durum wheat in NENA Dryland <ul><li>is a major source of income </li></ul><ul><li>Provides 50% of the daily needs in calories and protein . </li></ul>
    4. 4. WANADDIN West Asia and North Africa Durum Improvement Network for dryland of Algeria, Morocco, Syria, Tunisia, & Turkey <ul><li>Durum cultivars with drought tolerance, diseases/Insects resistance, & grain quality developed </li></ul><ul><li>Socioeconomic studies conducted and major constraints identified </li></ul><ul><li>H uman capacity development for NARS conducted </li></ul>
    5. 5. IRDEN built on the achievements of WANADDIN WANADDIN ICARDA/IFAD Durum Alliance in NENA Region 1996-1999 ICARDA/IFAD Durum Alliance in NENA Region 2003-2006
    6. 6. IRDEN Project <ul><li>Transfer of technologies through on-farm demonstration; </li></ul><ul><li>Improvement of seed production and distribution (in Algeria, Morocco and Tunisia); </li></ul><ul><li>Promotion of add-value technologies (Algeria, Syria and Tunisia) </li></ul><ul><li>Back-up research (Morocco, Turkey and ICARDA-Aleppo) </li></ul><ul><li>Human capacity development (for all 5 countries). </li></ul>
    7. 7. Sites and number of farmers for demonstrations in 5 countries IFAD-ICARDA Workshop, 27-29 October, 2009 Country Site Number of Farmers Algeria Rahouia (Zeffout) Ouled Bessem (O. Bendahmane) Guelta Zerga (Beni Brahim) 2 2 1 Morocco Sidi Elaydi Jemaa Shaim 10 8 Syria Azaz Jbal AlHoss Idleb 8 7 4 Tunisia Seliana Zaghouane 2 3 Turkey Diyarbakir Gaziantep 2 2
    8. 8. IRDEN Impact <ul><li>Improved production technology (CV*AM) : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>~ 65% in Algeria </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>~ 50% in Turkey </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>~ 30% in Morocco </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>~ 20% in Syria </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>~ 15% in Tunisia </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>In specific cases, like Hessian fly resistant CV in Morocco: yield advantage > 300%. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>On-farm seed processing : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Lead farmers trained in seed processing to produce on-farm quality for farmers in marginal dry areas </li></ul></ul><ul><li>On-farm add-value durum products to diversify income </li></ul>
    9. 9. Morocco: On-farm demonstration of newly developed durum varieties and crop management practices A promising harvest: Hessian fly resistant and drought tolerant durum varieties released in Morocco. IFAD-ICARDA Workshop, 27-29 October, 2009 ICARDA/IFAD Durum Alliance in NENA
    10. 10. Development of Durum Genotypes with Improved drought tolerance and Yield Stability IRDEN BACKUP RESEARCH From: Mesut Keser [mailto:M.Keser@cgiar.org] Sent: Monday, October 26, 2009 1:46 PM To: Nachit, Miloudi (ICARDA) Cc: Baum, Michael (ICARDA) Subject: Seed Request Dear Miloudi, I hope this finds you well. Urfa Institute sent one of ICARDA lines, Ammar 6, to State Cultivar Test Center for registration . He informed me that he would like to have original seed of Ammar for seed multiplication as to have enough seed when it is registered. If you can send 50 Kg seed of Ammar 6, he will plant this year for seed multiplication. Could you pls advice. Best regards. Mesut
    11. 11. Development of Durum Genotypes with Improved Grain quality: ex.Yellow pigment (YP, ppm) IRDEN BACKUP RESEARCH
    12. 12. Post-harvest processing of durum wheat into frike as an income source for poor resource farmers <ul><ul><li>1) Contribution of on-farm frike processing to rural household income; </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>2) Constraints/opportunities for enhancing the contribution of on-farm frike processing to improve rural welfare . </li></ul></ul>
    13. 13.         Frike Processing Spike harvest at dough stage Burning Threshing Grain separation Cleaning Storage
    14. 14. Frike processing in Syria: roasting of durum spikes through using butane gas as a fuel. Frike quality traits: 1) gluten strength and 2) greenness
    15. 16. Frike quality traits
    16. 17. Frike contribution to farmer’s household <ul><ul><li>a significant income-generating activity for resource poor households: up to 50 percent of total farm income. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>the income from Frike is used both to cover basic household expenses and to pay for agricultural inputs. </li></ul></ul>
    17. 18. WANADDIN 1996-1999 2003-2006 ?! ICARDA/IFAD Durum Alliance to Improve Livelihoods of the Rural Poor in NENA Building on WANADDIN & IRDEN Achievements
    18. 19. Grain Yield of lines derived from Durum x Triticum Wild Relatives 3000 3100 3200 3300 3400 3500 3600 3700 3800 3900 4000 4100 Cham5*3/T. urartu 500529 Cham5*3/T. urartu 500649 Cham5*4/Ae. speltoides 401293 Cham5*3/T. baeoticum 500647 Cham5*3/T. baeoticum 500647 Cham5*3/T. baeoticum 500647 Cham5*4/Ae. speltoides 401293 Cham5*3/T. baeoticum 500647 Cham5*3/T. dicoccoides 601117 Cham5*3/T. urartu 500529 Cham5*4/Ae. speltoides 401293 Cham 5 Kg/ha
    19. 21. Using new science and Biotechnological Tools: Mapping, QTL, MAS, Gene Pyramiding, Gene Expression CID-QTL in Jennah Khetifa/ Cham1 Population CID-QTL in Omrabi5/ T.dicoccoides //Omrabi5 population Durum Drought Tolerance Research at ICARDA
    20. 22. THANK YOU!