Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation: Gender strategy


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Presentation by Ms Catherine Bertini

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  • Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation: Gender strategy

    1. 1. Agricultural Development: Ensuring a Gender Responsive Agricultural Development Portfolio PRESENTED BY Catherine Bertini May 2009
    2. 2. Our Core Belief All lives have equal value <ul><li>FOUNDATION OVERVIEW </li></ul>
    3. 3. Our Grantmaking Areas <ul><li>FOUNDATION OVERVIEW </li></ul>25% Global Development Program 50% Global Health Program 25% United States Program Greater opportunity for all Americans through the attainment of secondary and postsecondary education Increasing opportunities for people in developing countries to lift themselves out of hunger and poverty Discover, develop, and deliver life saving health solutions to people that need them most $2.8 billion in grants in 2008; ~$20 billion since inception
    4. 4. Our Mission <ul><li>Increase opportunities for people in developing countries to overcome hunger and poverty </li></ul><ul><li>More than 1 billion people live on less than $1 a day </li></ul><ul><li>Nearly 1 billion suffer from chronic hunger </li></ul><ul><li>We believe that solutions are within reach— and that progress is possible on a large scale, even in very poor countries </li></ul><ul><li>GLOBAL DEVELOPMENT </li></ul>
    5. 5. Agricultural Development <ul><li>Agriculture is key to reducing hunger and poverty </li></ul><ul><li>Most people living on $1 a day rely on agriculture for food and income </li></ul><ul><li>In Sub-Saharan Africa, farming accounts for 2/3 of employment and 1/3 of GDP </li></ul><ul><li>In South Asia, the rural poverty rate is still approximately 40% </li></ul><ul><li>AGRICULTURAL DEVELOPMENT </li></ul>Employment in Sub-Saharan Africa GDP in Sub-Saharan Africa Other labor Farming Other labor Farming
    6. 6. Agriculture’s Impact Ignored Despite its importance, agriculture has been neglected over the last several decades by both developing and donor countries—especially in Sub-Saharan Africa <ul><li>AGRICULTURAL DEVELOPMENT </li></ul>Average yield for a farmer in: Tons of cereal per acre 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 1979 2004 Share of Official Development Assistance for Agriculture United States Sub-Saharan Africa India China
    7. 7. Support the Full Range of Farmers’ Needs <ul><li>AGRICULTURAL DEVELOPMENT </li></ul>We know there’s no single, simple solution. We take a comprehensive approach, from seed to sale. 4. Policy & Statistics <ul><li>Research and development </li></ul><ul><li>on crop improvement issues </li></ul><ul><li>Access to information </li></ul><ul><li>Access to new and existing markets </li></ul><ul><li>Structured demand </li></ul>• Data and statistics • Research and analysis • Advocacy and policy change • Learning and improvement 1. Science & Technology <ul><li>2. Farmer Productivity </li></ul>3. Market Access <ul><li>Quality seeds </li></ul><ul><li>Irrigation </li></ul><ul><li>Fertilizer </li></ul><ul><li>Education and training </li></ul>
    8. 8. Focus on Women <ul><li>Women are the managers of the food supply </li></ul><ul><li>Women invest in their families and children </li></ul><ul><li>We MUST address gender to achieve poverty and hunger reduction </li></ul><ul><li>Ignoring gender can lead to greater inequality and inefficiency </li></ul><ul><li>80 percent of small farmers in Sub-Saharan Africa and 60 percent in South Asia are women </li></ul><ul><li>AGRICULTURAL DEVELOPMENT </li></ul>
    9. 9. Gender Imbalances in Agriculture <ul><li>Women & Extension </li></ul><ul><li>Access and Control of Finances </li></ul><ul><li>Participation in Markets </li></ul><ul><li>Representation in Leadership </li></ul><ul><li>Access and Level of Agriculture Education & Research </li></ul><ul><li>AGRICULTURAL DEVELOPMENT </li></ul>
    10. 10. Our Approach: Gender Integration <ul><li>AGRICULTURAL DEVELOPMENT </li></ul><ul><li>Agricultural Development aims to triple the incomes of 150 million farmers in South Asia & Sub-Saharan Africa, reduce hunger by 75% and reduce child undernutrition by 50% </li></ul><ul><li>Optimum participation of women in projects </li></ul><ul><li>Increase opportunities for women </li></ul><ul><li>Community acceptance and learning about gender </li></ul><ul><li>Improvements in health and welfare for women and families </li></ul>
    11. 11. Gender Mainstreaming <ul><li>AGRICULTURAL DEVELOPMENT </li></ul><ul><li>Take the needs and roles of women into account through Gender Impact Strategy and the Checklist </li></ul><ul><li>No grants will be approved without addressing the gender dimension </li></ul><ul><li>Create partnerships to increase the effectiveness of the foundation's gender integration strategies </li></ul><ul><li>Create a gender specialist position who will manage grants that focus on women in agriculture </li></ul><ul><li>Data collected in projects will be disaggregated by sex </li></ul><ul><li>Internal gender integration policies – job descriptions and internal performance reviews </li></ul><ul><li>Develop specific indicators to track important gender measurements and to measure our work on gender </li></ul>
    12. 12. Gender Checklist Snapshot <ul><li>AGRICULTURAL DEVELOPMENT </li></ul>
    13. 13. Thank you