More than a decade ago (in 1994), Bill and Melinda read an article about all of the diseases killing millions of children every year in poor countries. One pathogen really caught their attention called rotavirus. Rotavirus is one of the main causes of diarrhea — kids in the United States get it all of the time and we give them Pedialyte. But when kids in the developing world get it they often die. Bill and Melinda concluded that in our world not all lives were being treated as if they had equal value, so right then they decided that this would be the priority of their giving. They started making grants in support of global health initiatives, as well as initiatives within the United States. One of their first initiatives was helping libraries in the United States get connected to the Internet in 1997. They officially set up the foundation in 2000, solidifying their commitment to philanthropy. Then, six years later, the foundation was pleasantly shocked when Warren Buffett donated most of his shares of Berkshire Hathaway stock (and doubled our endowment). When Warren made the announcement, Melinda said “it’s something that we take very seriously, we feel an incredible responsibility. I think when you give away your own wealth it’s one thing, but to give away the body of somebody else’s life’s work is really quite something.”
There is a saying in the Foundation; if you go alone you go fast, but if you go together you go far.
Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation Agriculture Strategy presentation 26 Sept 2011 at IFAD
Agricultural Development A refreshed strategy Sam Dryden Prabhu Pingali Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation September 26 th , 2011
How We Got Started 1994 <ul><li>FOUNDATION OVERVIEW </li></ul>2000 2006 Bill and Melinda read an article about rotavirus They officially create the foundation Warren Buffett decides to give Berkshire Hathaway stock
By the end of 2010, we committed $1.72 B across our initiatives in agriculture development ** 2010 figures are projections based on 2010 annual plan. (director’s office) 9 FTEs 10 FTEs 11 FTEs 14 FTEs 6 FTEs
Low agricultural productivity in Africa is a multi-faceted problem Low investment in research Very limited access to markets Poor policy and regulatory environments Low input usage and yield levels Average cereal yields by region, 1960-2003 mt/ha SSA ROW 4 SSA 101 World Fertilizer use kg/ha arable land, 2002 Nigeria India USA Road access Metres road/capita Agricultural research expenditures, 2000 $13.8 billion ME and N. Africa LATAM SSA Asia-Pacific 100% = $36 billion per year 62% 38% Developed countries Developing countries Of the ~$36 billion spent on agricultural research in 2000, only ~$1.5 billion (~4%) was spent on SSA Source: FAOStat; IFDC; World Bank Net ODA and Subsidies to Domestic Agriculture Producers ( (Avg. 2003-2005) Policies, such as trade and investment, towards the developing world often contradict and counteract official development assistance 4 Developing countries Although these regions have abundant potential (e.g., sunlight, labor, water, knowledge), productivity is low, which represents both a huge need and opportunity.
Our framework for achieving the objectives of our strategic initiatives, and the ‘scope’ and ‘scale’ of our strategy ‘ Scope’ is driven by our choice of anchor countries and products, ‘scale’ is driven by our target number of beneficiaries [...] <ul><li>Research & Development </li></ul><ul><li>Crop improvement </li></ul><ul><li>Livestock health & improvement </li></ul><ul><li>Discovery research </li></ul><ul><li>Local adaptation </li></ul><ul><li>Agricultural Policy </li></ul><ul><li>Country policies </li></ul><ul><li>Data & diagnostics </li></ul><ul><li>Multilaterals </li></ul><ul><li>Trade-offs and synergies </li></ul><ul><li>Access & Market Systems </li></ul><ul><li>Input delivery </li></ul><ul><li>Knowledge exchange </li></ul><ul><li>Post-harvest and markets </li></ul><ul><li>Regions </li></ul><ul><li>Other Areas </li></ul><ul><li>Strategic partnerships </li></ul><ul><li>Finance </li></ul><ul><li>Farmer households </li></ul><ul><li>Ramp up to the # of farmer households targeted in our strategy over time </li></ul><ul><li>Countries </li></ul><ul><li>BMGF’s anchor countries </li></ul><ul><li>Other donors’ anchor countries (which we call ‘spillover’ countries) </li></ul><ul><li>Other countries </li></ul><ul><li>Products </li></ul><ul><li>BMGF’s priority crops and livestock </li></ul>Strategic initiatives Scope Scale Unit costs Total investment over time Average cost per farm 2030 $ 2011 $ per farm # of farms Analysis of strategic choices Total costs ROI / trade-offs Income per farm,$ # of farms Farm-level Global National Maize Rice Ethiopia Mali