2 hsieh ifa conferrence 簡報檔 英文


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2 hsieh ifa conferrence 簡報檔 英文

  1. 1. Evaluating the level of Age-Friendly of Rural Areas in Taiwan T.Y. Chao Department of Urban Planning, National Cheng-Kung University, Assistant Professor W.Y. Hsieh Department of Urban Planning, National Cheng-Kung University, Master Student2012/7/13 1
  2. 2. Research motive and purpose Definition of research Literature Review Research method conclusion2012/7/13 2
  3. 3. 1. Research motive and purpose• Ageing trend in whole world• Ageing situation is more serious in country area• Studies in Taiwan identified a variety of issues that have been deeply discussed, but few has been evaluated in a comprehensive way.Research purpose(1)Investigate the differences between urban and rural areas for elders.(2)Investigate the elderly living environment degree in Taiwan rural areas .(3)Build the evaluation criteria2012/7/13 3
  4. 4. 2. Definition of researchElders will face different issues from different settlement (eg. urban, rural, fishingvillage, etc.). According to literature reviews, this study conclude the characteristics of“rural area” as follows:(1) Mainly agricultural use.(2) Plain rural areas(3) Poor links with urban areas2012/7/13 4
  5. 5. 3. Literature ReviewSeparate to two parts:3.1.Reviewing the differences between the elders physical and mental health, living style and living environment in different areas. No. of diseases/ physical and Reflect the individual differences physical function/ mental with the different quality of life in self-rated health/ cognitive function health the same environment. living reflect the quality of life will living style environment change as in different exterior environment family structure/ interpersonal relationships/ housing/ financial resources/ transportation/ job profile/ infrastructure/ leisure activities/ medical facilities the use of technology3.2.Reviewing the Age-Friendly Rural and Remote Communities: A Guide,2012/7/13 refer to the characteristics of elders in Taiwan’s rural area and 5
  6. 6. Jinsha Village4.Research Method4.1.Study Area Taiwan Tainan City Shigang District Elderly population: 190 people (in March,2012)Jinsha Village Percentage of elderly population: 20% Senior citizens living alone: about 20 people2012/7/13 6
  7. 7. 4.Research Method4.1.Study Area• This study choose one settlement that is further from the care center.• Interviewees are 2 women and 4 men, and one of them is living alone• Interview date: 2012/5/42012/7/13 7
  8. 8. 4.Research Method4.2. In-depth interviewTake the Canadian 8 domains of “Age-Friendly Rural and RemoteCommunities: A Guide” as base, adjusting by the state of Taiwan throughthe literature reviews to acquaint the comparing items about thedifference between urban and rural areas for elders in Taiwan, draftingthe content of in-depth interview Literature Review According Draft the the result of The differences between content interview to To build the the elderly living in urban of in- investigate evaluation and rural areas in Taiwan depth the elderly criteria of interview living elderly living Canadian“Age-Friendly and environment environment Rural and Remote proceed degree in in rural area Communities: A Guide” interview Taiwan rural areas2012/7/13 8
  9. 9. 4.Research Method 4.3.the analysis of basic informationinterviewee 1 2 3 4 5 6 phenomenon Male(liveGender female male alone) female male male -age 67 70 80 79 65 77 -vision Having bad and Presbyopia good ok bad good bad good Bad (has no Hearing ishearing good good good good good hearing general good aid) ability to act isability to act good good good good good Good general good Most of them High have smallother chronic none none blood none none None pressure sickness, less have chronic, Most live in single-story single- single- single- single- single-story townhous house, othershousing story story story story house house house house e house live in two to three-stories 2012/7/13 9 house
  10. 10. 4.Research Method 4.4. the analysis of interviewing information 8 domains of ageing The content of interview The results friendlyOutdoor Spaces and • What are your main purpose when you go Mostly elders go out for farming, and by bicycleBuildings out? or motorcycle • What is your main manner to go out?Transportation - -Housing - -Respect and Social • Whether do you often go out for chatting Most elders think that the young generation areInclusion with neighborhood or exercising in park or getting more unconcerned with neighborhoods. play chess… According to this , we can conjecture that elders • Do you think the young respect elders? value the interactions with their neighbor thus the situation of social exclusion is rareSocial Participation • How often do you attend activity held by Most elders will attend the community activities, community? but the frequency is uncertain. The reason for not • What will be the reasons that you do not attending activities is usually “having no attend these activity? information”, secondly, “having no time due to busy farming”Communication and - -Information Most elders still go out for farming, indicatingCivic Participation • Are you still working? What is your job? Why farming consumed time and they have no time toand Employment you still do so? do other activities. Besides, they earned veryOpportunities slight money to support their liveCommunity Support 2012/7/13 10 - -and Health Services
  11. 11. 4.Research Method4.4. the analysis of interviewing information• In the process of interview, elders do not have much complaint about the quality of life.• Most of them think that they have already got used to the environment. The elder only complain about the complicated and tiring process of farming.• They point out that the government should emphasize on subsidies to improve the quality of life.2012/7/13 11
  12. 12. 5. Conclusion According to the literate review and in-depth interview, this study build a initial step of evaluating criteria, taking as reference regarding to the development of ageing in Taiwan rural areas. 8 domains of ageing reason Criteria of evaluating friendlyOutdoor Spaces and Elders often go back and forth between The level of ageing friendly in farm road, includingBuildings home and farm.. the width of road, the rise and fall of roadTransportation Rural area is lack of public The safety, comfortable, and inclusion of transportation, and the farming road is motorcycle narrow, thus mostly riding motorcycleHousing - -Respect and Social - -InclusionSocial Participation Community activities usually centralized The distance from activity places to house, and in care center, and local temple, big the advertisement of activities banyan…Communication and - -Information Most elders still go out for farming,Civic Participation and indicating that farming is time- The kinds of work which meet the physicalEmployment consuming and they have no time for strength of the elderly; degree of assistance forOpportunities other activities. Besides, they earned work very slight money to support their lives Some settlements are far from the careCommunity Support The establishment of injury, illness reporting 2012/7/13 center, especially dangerous for the 12and Health Services system for elders living alone elders living alone.
  13. 13. 5. ConclusionThis study focuses on the evaluation criteria in Jinsha Village.This criteria follows the 8 domains defined by WHO to check the elderlyliving environment, so that it can be inspected in a comprehensive way.This criteria can also be applied to rural areas with the same definition,which make the places to adjust its optimal ageing-friendly indicators(according to/with) its characteristics.In the following, the study may emphasize on the classification ofdifferent settlements to fit their characteristics of ageing-friendly.2012/7/13 13