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Inclusive Employment – Special Focus of Local Governance in Uzbekistan


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Inclusive Employment – Special Focus of Local Governance in Uzbekistan

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Inclusive Employment – Special Focus of Local Governance in Uzbekistan

  1. 1. Inclusive Employment – Special Focus of Local Governance in Uzbekistan
  2. 2. <ul><li>Trends in employment </li></ul><ul><li>Social partnership in employment: entry point for enhancing CSOs role </li></ul><ul><li>Upstream interventions: Mainstreaming gender and disability </li></ul><ul><li>Downstream interventions: supported employment (social services) and sheltered employment (social enterprises) </li></ul>Content
  3. 3. Trends in employment
  4. 4. Trends in employment: some details <ul><li>Employment in public sector : 60 % (early 1990-s) – 24 % (2000) – 20 % (2010) </li></ul><ul><li>Employment of working-age: men – 73%, women - 64 %, persons with disabilities (PWD) – 5% </li></ul><ul><li>Females in education, culture, art, science - 67.8 %, in public health, sports, social sector - 75.9 % </li></ul><ul><li>Female students in a higher education - 40% </li></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>Unemployment rate 5.4 %, among the </li></ul><ul><li>registered unemployed: </li></ul><ul><li>73.4% rural population </li></ul><ul><li>53% young people under 30 </li></ul><ul><li>More than 60% women </li></ul>Trends in unemployment
  6. 6. <ul><ul><li>Type: territorial/annual consolidated </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Base: forecast of labor supply / demand </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Issues: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>- Gender/disability mainstreaming; </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>- Programming and impact assessment for different social groups; </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>- Mechanisms on CSOs involvement. </li></ul></ul></ul>Programmes on new jobs creation and employment promotion
  7. 7. <ul><li>Public Councils on Employment with CSOs involvement </li></ul><ul><li>ICT tools for informed decision making, M&E </li></ul><ul><li>New methodology of programmes development incl. gender & disability mainstreaming </li></ul><ul><li>Capacity development: trainings, coaching on RBM and HRBA for decision makers </li></ul>Improving EEEs of employment policies: participatory approach, RBM, HRBA
  8. 8. <ul><li>Some of our actions: </li></ul><ul><li>Empowerment, Capacity Development and Networking </li></ul><ul><li>Support of the best ideas on providing NGO based social services </li></ul><ul><li>Cost – benefit analysis of NGO based employment support social services </li></ul><ul><li>Issues: </li></ul><ul><li>Knowledge/expertise </li></ul><ul><li>Motivation </li></ul><ul><li>Beneficiaries’ Trust/Sympathy </li></ul><ul><li>Flexibility </li></ul><ul><li>Resources </li></ul>203/218 Employment services for vulnerable groups: State or NGO based?
  9. 9. <ul><li>More than 2500 PwD (9% of all working PwD) are employed at Ses </li></ul><ul><li>Profit tax exemptions for companies that are owned by DPOs, with at least 50% of PwD workers (but not for trading, intermediary, supply, marketing or procurement activities) </li></ul><ul><li>No tax benefits for women SEs </li></ul>Social Enterprises: some facts
  10. 10. <ul><li>NGO (Yunusabad, Millenium, Opa-Singillar, Deaf Association) </li></ul><ul><li>Business (Rishtan) </li></ul><ul><li>Government (Shakhrisabz) </li></ul><ul><li>Business & Government (Samarkand) </li></ul><ul><li>Business & Government & NGO (Djizak, Nukus) </li></ul>Pilot models of SEs supported by UNDP
  11. 11. <ul><li>Cost-benefit analysis & recommendations for Government </li></ul><ul><li>Capacity development </li></ul><ul><li>Marketing and promotion activities </li></ul><ul><li>Toolkit on starting and running SE </li></ul><ul><li>Development of legislative framework </li></ul>Social Enterprises scale-up
  12. 12. <ul><li>Inclusive Employment and Social Partnership Project </li></ul><ul><li>UNDP Uzbekistan </li></ul><ul><li>[email_address] </li></ul><ul><li>Skype: yana_chicherina </li></ul>Thank you!