Science in the Ancient Greece


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1º ESO Bilingual 2010/2011 Curricular Unit Ancient Greece

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Science in the Ancient Greece

  1. 1. ANCIENT GREECE Science in the Ancient Greece By: José Ramón , Alba , Encarni and José Miguel
  2. 2. When did Science in Acient Greece begin? At such an early time, about 300 B.C. science was just beginning to enter the minds of the Greeks. .
  3. 3. What was science in Acient Greece based on ? The Greeks were very interested in science as a way of organizing the world and making order out of chaos, and having power over some very powerful things like oceans and weather.
  4. 4. Which parts of Science were studied in Ancient Greece? Philosophy Geography
  5. 5. How many parts can divide Acient Greece study of science ? Astronomy Biology Botany Physics Mathematics Medicine
  6. 6. Explain the presocratics study of science The first period begins with Thales' prediction of a solar eclipse in 585 B.C. and ends in 400 B.C. Philosophers of this period are called Pre-Socratic, somewhat misleadingly, since Socrates was a contemporary. Others argue that the term philosophy inaccurately limits the sphere of interest of the so-called Pre-Socratic philosophers.
  7. 7. What things were studied in Acient Greece ? Epica,a part of philosophy, astronomy, geography, geology, music and maths
  8. 8. Name the main players in early Greek Astronomy <ul><li>Thales of Miletus (624-548 BC)
  9. 9. Pythagoras (572-492 BC)
  10. 10. Anaxagoras (b.c 500 BC)
  11. 11. Heracleides of Pontus (b.c 388 BC) </li></ul><ul><li>Aristarchus of Samus (310-230 BC)
  12. 12. Hipparchus of Nicaea (d.127 BC)
  13. 13. Ptolemy of Alexandria (100-170AD) </li></ul>
  14. 14. In wich two famous book planets, calendar and constelations appeared? <ul><li>Books: Iliad Odyssey
  15. 15. Calendars: Hellenic calendar Lunisolar calendar
  16. 16. Constellations: Boötes Orion Ursa Major </li></ul>
  17. 17. Explain the two theories and their creators <ul><li>Geocentric theory:
  18. 18. the geocentric theory was about that earth was in the center of the universe. Creators: Aristóteles and Ptolomeo. </li></ul><ul><li>Heliocentric theory:
  19. 19. the heliocentris theory was about that the sun was in the center of the universe.
  20. 20. Creators: Aristarchus of Samus, Nicolas Copernicus, Galileo Galilei and Kepler. </li></ul>
  21. 21. Who was Empedocles? Explain his theory about “ roots or the four elements” <ul><li>Empedocles was a Greek philosopher, scientist and healer.
  22. 22. His theory:
  23. 23. All matter is comprised of four “roots” of elements of earth, air, fire and water. Fire and air are outwardly reaching elements, reaching up and out, whereas earth and water turn inward and downward. </li></ul>
  24. 24. Explain Aristoteles's theory about the four elements <ul><li>As Empedocles, he agreed with his theory. The four elements are Air, Fire, Earth and Water. </li></ul>
  25. 25. Who was Democrito? Explain his theory about the atom <ul><li>Democrito was an ancient greek philosopher.
  26. 26. His theory:
  27. 27. All matter consists of invisible particles called atoms. Atoms are indestructible y unchangeable. A void exists between atoms. Atoms are solid. Atoms are homogeneus. Atoms differ in size, shape, mass, position, arragement... </li></ul>
  28. 28. ARCHIMEDES Archimedes was born 287 BC in the seaport city of Syracuse, Sicily, which was then a colony of Magna Graecia. In The Sand Reckoner Archimedes gives his father's name as Phidias, an astronomer about whom nothing is known. Plutarch wrote that Archimedes was related to King Hieron II, the ruler of Syracuse. It is unknown, for instance, whether he ever married or had children. Archimedes is believed to have spent part of his youth being educated in Alexandria, Egypt where he was a contemporary of Conon of Samos and Eratosthenes. Some of Archimedes' mathematical works were written in the form of letters to Eratosthenes, who was the chief librarian in Alexandria. He studied physics,maths, machines capable of lifting attacking. The last words attributed to Archimedes are &quot;Do not disturb my circles&quot;. This quote is often given in Latin as &quot;Noli turbare circulos meos&quot;, but there is no reliable evidence that Archimedes uttered these words, and they do not appear in the account given by Plutarch. Archimedes died 212 BC
  29. 29. Archimedes´ inventions <ul>1- The Golden Crown 2- The Archimedes Screw 3- The claw of Archimedes 4- The Archimedes Heat Ray </ul>
  30. 30. More about Archimedes <ul>“ Give the place to stand, and I shall move the Earth” .This quote means: ”Denme una palanca, un punto de apoyo y moveré el mundo” . There is a legen about Archimedes: The Archimedes Heat Ray It consist on using mirrors to reflect the sunlight in order to burn the enemiges ships. </ul>
  31. 31. 1-What does the Archimedes principle say? When an object is immersed in a liquid the upthrust is equal to the weight of liquid displaced by the object
  32. 32. 2-Which objects are based in the Archimedes principle? This general principle applies to any object made from a material that is more dense than the liquid it is in .
  33. 33. 3-What was medicine based on in Ancient Greece? The field of medicine combined science and religious beliefs .
  34. 34. 4-Who was “the father of modern medicine”? <ul>Hipocrates. </ul>
  35. 35. 5-Name a major Greek Physician after the time of Ancient Greece <ul>Aristotle . </ul>
  36. 36. 6-Who was Agnodice? Agnodice was the earliest historical, and likely apocryphal, midwife mentioned among the ancient Greeks.
  37. 37. 7-Explain the study of mathematics in Ancient Greece and name the most important mathematicians. Greek mathematicians were more focused on geometry, and used geometric methods to solve problems that you might use algebra for. Some famous Greek mathematicians were Pythagoras, Aristotl e,Ecludid, Archimedes,Thales and Aristharcus .