IndustrIal revolutIon• CONCEPT :o It was a slow and profound transformation that affected all economic and social sectors.o The peasants leave the land and they go to cities in search of work, manual works of the artisans are replaced by machines in factories• CAUSE :o Improvements in the agricultureo The growth of the populationo Technological development
some characterIstIcs of the perIod• It is a period where the music is very important.• There are Universal Exhibitions (Paris, London...)• Museums are opened.• Relationships between bourgeoises and workers always had problems.
Society organization• Bourgeoisie:they have right to participate in politics. They lived in neighbourhoods away from the noise and they created private clubs where members could only access.• Small or middle urban class: landlords, doctors, lawyers, etc. The could take positions in business administration. They liked pubs where they talked about lots of things.• Lower class or working class: proletarians, a new group that depends on a salary. They lived in slums located in a disorderly way around the factories.
the BourgeoiSie• It was consolidated as a new social class, with a lot of economic power and with big interests of taking part in the political activity.• They lived in neighbourhoods outside the city.• Like aristocracy they liked doing parties in their living-rooms.• Opera was the main important stage for them. It was so important to see like being seen.
the WorkerS• The workers were known as proletariat that grew together with the growth of the industrial activity.• They depended on a salary. • They worked until 16 hours per day.• They earned little money.• Children had to work.• An accident or illness led them to the misery. • They lived in slums located in a disorderly way around the factories.
The cloThesWe could consider fashion as a frivolous pleasure that reaffirms the vanity and social classes divided according to the dress.• BOURGEOISIEo Bustle Style (second half of XIX century)o La Belle Epoque: Transition nineteenth and twentieth centuries
• WORKERSo Often, they were dressed in ragso Men used to wear trousers, shirt, vest and cap.o Women used to wear long skirt, shirt and a kind of scarf
The Bourgeoisie and the workers inthe literature, in the cinema and other links of interest and bibliography• Germinal, Emile Zola 1885• GERMINAL-CLAUDE BERRI 1993• LA SAGA DE LOS RIUS