• FRANCE • THE WAR OF THE 100 YEARS - History - What is it? - Territory - Causes - Dynasties who - Main battles ruled - Juana de Arco
• The name of France comes from the German people of the Francs.• In this period, France was characterized by the formation of the geographical French space according to the agreements of Verdún and Ribemont, the formation of the national identity opposite to the neighboring countries and the feudalism as the political system.
• France in the Middle Ages occupied the territory which is occuppied now by a part of Germany, Holland, Belgium, part of Austria, Switzerland and France of nowadays.
• The Merovingians, descendants from Meroveo and Clodoveo.• The Carolingians, descendants of Carlos Martel.• The Capetos, then the Valois, descendants of Hugo Capeto.
What is the war of the 100 years?The war of the 100 years (1337-1453) was an armed conflictbetween the kings of France andthose of England. Finally, theEnglish troop moved back fromFrench lands.
• This war was for feudal reasons since its aim was the achievement of being the governor of the enormous possessions of the English monarches in French territories.• The rivalry between France and England began with Hastingss battle, in which the French duke William of Normandy took possession of England. The Norman kings demanded the French king to be treated as an equal, but he did not want.
• Sluyss battle (English victory)• Crecys battle (English decisive victory)• Site of Calais (English decisive victory)• Saintes battle (English victory)• Ardress battle (French victory)• Combat of the Thirties (combat corresponding to the Breton Succession war, French victory)• Battle of Poitiers (English decisive victory) Battle of Cocherel (1364)• Aurays battle (combat corresponding to the Breton Succession war, English victory)• Nájeras battle (combat corresponding to the First Castilian Civil war, Anglo-Castilian victory)
• Montiels battle (combat corresponding to the First Castilian Civil war, French - Castilian victory)• Agincourts battle (English crucial victory)• Battle of the Herrings (part of Orleánss Site, English victory)• Jargeaus battle (part of the campaign of the Loire, French victory)• Beaugencys battle (part of the campaign of the Loire, French victory)• Patays battle (French crucial victory)• Castillons (last battle of the war, French final victory battle)
• Juana of Arch, also known as the Maiden of Orléans, was born on January 6, 1412 in Domrémy. She was a heroine, military and holy French. His festivity is celebrated the day of the anniversary of his death, May 30, 1431.• With 17 years she headed the royal French army. She convinced the king Charles VII that he should expel the English men from France and this thing would give to him authority on his army. Afterwards, she was captured by the Burgundians and delivered to the English men. The clergymen condemned her for heresy and the duke Juan de Bedford burned her live in Rouen.