The water polo is a sport that practise in aswimming pool, where participated two teams.The objective of the play is set the maximunnomber of goals, in the opposing teams goal.There are faults, temporary expulsions andexpulsions final.
Water polo has followed a different evolution inEurope and the United States. Originally in theU.S.A. was called softball and water polo ball was anempty bag.In 1897, in New York appeared the first Americanregulations. At first players moved on floatingbarrels, imitating horses and hit the ball with sticksas decks, similar to those used at the poleIn the current version of polo, two teams of sevenplayers battle for four times seven minutes.The mens water polo appeared in the Olympics inParis in 1900, and has been on the Olympic programsince 1908.In every Olympic Games between 1928 and 1980 theHungarian team won an Olympic medal. In hisrecord six gold medals highlight of the 10 possiblebetween 1932 and 1976. If in 1984 Hungary had norepresentatives in water polo at the 1980 and 1996editions of the Hungarian team won the bronzemedal. In 2000, Hungary had a triumphant return toOlympic competition to get his 7th gold medal. The womens water polo made its appearance in the2000 Sydney Games. The Australian team won thefirst gold medal of this specialty.
Playing positions There are six players and a goalkeeper on each team. Players can not step on the floor of the pool and the depth of the pool is not permitted. Players have to keep all the time afloat, making them possession of the ball to make a pitch to the opposite goal. consume much energy. A team has 30 seconds of possession of the ball to make a pitch to the opposite goal.
Attack Traditionally players stand in arc around the opposing goal at an approximate distance of seven meters. The buoy (also called pivot) is at the center of the attack at a distance of about two or three meters of goal.
Defense Defense positions are the same as those of the attackers. The defense or the defense has to defend the team well and especially not cause faults. The players have to stay calm and always stands between the goal and the player.
GoalkeeperThe goalkeeper, whosefunctions are to prevent goals,block the ball and refuse tostop the ball into his own goal:*He/she is the only player whocan touch the ball with bothhands.*He/she is the only one whocan hit the ball with a closedfist.*He/she is the only one whocan touch the bottom of thepool.*He/she is the only one whocan jump with two hands atonce.
Positions in the fieldThe buoy: The mostcharacteristic since waterpolo.Should be positioned near thegoal, to two or three meters. Itsfunction is to finish the plays.Extremes: usually are two, oneon each side of the goal.Central, or closing cubreboya:are situated on the same line asthe buoy but further away fromthe goal.Sides: are placed between thebuoy and the ends.
Rules- No player, except the goalkeeper, can catch the ball with two hands in any part ofthe field.- A player can score a goal with any part of the body except the clenched fist.- Until the player releases the ball from his hand, the referee will whistle missing.- If a player denies the opposing players movement, this will be expelled.- A player can earn two ejections- If it sinks the ball or an opposing player you beep the sinks are missing.- It prohibits water splashing into the eyes of a player.- Each coach may request two timeouts throughout the game one minute.- A player can steal the ball without grabbing the opponent- You can spend the time you want your teammates until it expires in 30 secondsyou have to throw the ball at goal.- Teams can be a maximum of 13 players, with a mandatory minimum of sixplayers and the goalkeeper.- The duration of the game shall be four parts of eight minutes each, at regulartime.- Each team will play with different colored caps (usually blue and white), choosethe local color, being red for goalkeepers.- Players can not jump with both hands at once.
Gear swimsuit.BALL RED HAT - GOALKEEPER. WHITE HAT - LOCAL. BLUE HAT - AWAY TEAM.
Field MeasurementsA regulatory level uses the same rules for water polo WorldChampionship as those applied in the Olympics.The dimensions for the pool to develop internationalcompetitions must be 30 meters long by 20 meters wide and1.80 meters deep.In the case of female waterpolo measures are slightly lowerand the pools are 25 meters long and 17 meters wide.Official Ball Water Polo Championship is similar in size to aconventional football.
CompetitionsWaterpolo Championship in the Commonwealth GamesEuropean Water Polo Championship BEuropean Water Polo ChampionshipsWorld Water Polo ChampionshipsPan American Water Polo ChampionshipsFemale water polo Pan American ChampionshipsMale water polo Pan American ChampionshipsEAT CupFINA Water Polo World CupSamartzidis CupHoliday CupWaterpolo male Mediterranean GamesFINA Water Polo World LeagueRomanian CupInternational FINA Trophy for the development of male water poloTungsram CupWater polo at the Universiade womenWater polo at the Universiade men