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  1. 2. Index <ul><li>The origin of Halloween </li></ul><ul><li>Traditions and Customs </li></ul><ul><li>Jack o’lantern </li></ul><ul><li>Recipe: Spiderweb Munch </li></ul><ul><li>One Country: France </li></ul>
  2. 3. The origin of Halloween <ul><li>Halloween is celebrated on 1st October. It's an exciting event in the EEUU and in Great Britain. Every American calendar has Halloween marked on it. Halloween has ancient Celtics origins. On the Celtic calendar Samhain was the last day of summer and the last day of the year. The Celtics priest, called Druids, practised religious rituals and magic on Samhain. They also predicted the future. </li></ul>
  3. 4. <ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li>On this day the Celts made big fires and dressed in scared costumes. They wanted to frighten the evil spirits. They dressed as ghosts skeletons and witches. They believed that ghosts came out of their tombs on the night of 31 October. </li></ul>
  4. 5. <ul><li>Samhain also became a harvest festival after the Roman invasion of Britain in 43 AD. </li></ul><ul><li>Christians practices replaced pagan practices. The Christians called 1 November All Hallows’ day of all saints. The evening of 31 October was called All Hallows’ Eve. </li></ul><ul><li>This became Halloween. </li></ul>
  5. 6. Traditions and Customs The custom of Halloween was brought to America in the 1840's by Irish immigrants fleeing their country's potato famine. At that time, the favorite pranks in New England included tipping over outhouses and unhinging fence gates. The custom of trick-or-treating is thought to have originated not with the Irish Celts, but with a ninth-century European custom called soiling. The 2th November, all Souls Day, early Christians would walk from village to village begging for &quot;soul cakes,&quot; made out of square pieces of bread with currants. The more soul cakes the beggars would receive, the more prayers they would promise to say on behalf of the dead relatives of the donors.                                                                
  6. 7. <ul><li>At the time, it was believed that the dead remained in limbo for a time after death, and that prayer, even by strangers, could expedite a soul's passage to heaven. The Irish used turnips as their &quot;Jack's lanterns&quot; originally. But when the immigrants came to America, they found that pumpkins were far more plentiful than turnips. So the Jack-O-Lantern in America was a hollowed-out pumpkin, lit with an ember. </li></ul>
  7. 8. Jack o’lantern <ul><li>There was a man named Jack who liked to play tricks on people. He lived a long, mischievous life. One day he tricked Satan into climbing a tree. Jack then carved the image of a Holy Cross in the trunk of the tree. This trapped the Devil up the tree. Jack made a deal with the Devil that: he would let the Devil down the tree, if the Devil promised to never tempt him again. After Jack died, he was not permitted into Heaven because of his evil ways. He was also denied access to Hell because he had tricked the Devil. The devil gave him a single ember to light his way through the freezing blackness. This flame was put inside a hollowed-out turnip to keep it glowing. As Jack walked his never-ending journey as punishment for his trickery, he carried a burning coal inside a turnip to help him see along the roads everywhere he traveled. Soon he was known as &quot;Jack of the lantern&quot; or Jack O'Lantern. </li></ul>
  8. 9. Recipe: Spiderweb Munch <ul><li>1 (12-ounce) package nestle toll house Semi-Sweet Chocolate Morsels </li></ul><ul><li>1 cup creamy peanut butter, divided use </li></ul><ul><li>1/3 cup powdered sugar </li></ul><ul><li>3 cups toasted rice cereal </li></ul>
  9. 10. <ul><li>1.-Heat morsels and 3/4 cup peanut butter in small, heavy-duty saucepan over low heat, stirring constantly until smooth; remove from heat. Add sugar; stir vigorously until smooth. </li></ul><ul><li>2.-Place cereal in large bowl. Add 1 cup melted chocolate mixture; stir until well coated. Place on uncreased baking sheet. Using small metal spatula, shape into 10-inch circle with slightly raised 1-inch-wide border. Pour remaining chocolate mixture in centre of circle; spread to border. </li></ul><ul><li>3.-For the Spiderweb: Place remaining peanut butter in small, heavy-duty plastic bag. Cut tiny corner from bag; squeeze to pipe concentric circles on top of chocolate. Using wooden pick or tip of sharp knife. </li></ul>
  10. 11. One Country: FRANCE <ul><li>In France people celebrate All Saints' Day and All Souls' Day but not Halloween. French bellmen would walk through the streets warning of the arrival of, &quot;The spirits are about to arrive!&quot; Once everyone heard this they would all hurry to bed and shut their eyes. </li></ul><ul><li>Today the French children beg for flowers with which to decorate churches and the graves of loved ones. </li></ul>
  11. 12. <ul><li>By: </li></ul><ul><li>Érika Hevilla Romero </li></ul><ul><li>Lucía Figal Gómez </li></ul><ul><li>Pablo Serrano Moreno </li></ul><ul><li>Diego Iglesias Parada </li></ul><ul><li>Manolo González Calderón </li></ul>
  12. 13. THE END