Religion in Spain. Comenius

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Religion in Spain. Comenius

  1. 2. Brillithe Carranza 16 years old Equator Cinthya Bernal 17 years old Peru Lucía González 16 years old Uruguay
  2. 3. <ul><li>Presentation </li></ul><ul><li>Religion in Spain: history </li></ul><ul><li>Religion in education </li></ul><ul><li>General information </li></ul><ul><li>Religions in Spain </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Christianity </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Islamism </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Buddhism </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Taoism </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Hinduism </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Judaism </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Other interesting data </li></ul>
  3. 4. Spain is a nation-state born out of religion struggle mainly between Catholicism and Islamism.
  4. 5. <ul><li>From the 8th century until the late 15th century Muslims dominated most of the Peninsula. </li></ul>
  5. 6. <ul><li>The Jews were also expelled from Spain in 15th century. </li></ul>
  6. 7. <ul><li>Catholicism was the official religion in the country until 1931; and then between 1939 and 1978 </li></ul>
  7. 8. <ul><li>During Franco’s years Catholicism was the only religion to have legal status. After Franco’s death, up till now, there’s been religious freedom in Spain. </li></ul>
  8. 9. Christianism Buddhism Islamism Judaism Sikhism
  9. 11. <ul><li>Catholics </li></ul><ul><li>Protestants </li></ul><ul><li>Jehovah's witnesses </li></ul><ul><li>Orthodox </li></ul><ul><li>Mormon </li></ul><ul><li>Seventh-Day Adventist </li></ul>
  10. 12. <ul><li>141 catholic churches </li></ul><ul><li>Founder: Apostle Peter </li></ul><ul><li>Sacred text: The Holy Bible </li></ul><ul><li>Symbol: Several ones </li></ul><ul><li>Beliefs: The Catholic dogma is based on the Bible and Apostolic Tradition(Saints and Holy Spirit) </li></ul>
  11. 13. <ul><li>119 evangelical churches </li></ul><ul><li>Founder: Martín Lutero Juan Hus, William Tyndale ,Juan Calvino, Thomas Müntzer, Ulrico Zwinglio, John Wycliffe, John Knox </li></ul><ul><li>Sacred text: Bible </li></ul><ul><li>Beliefs: God </li></ul>
  12. 14. <ul><li>8 orthodox comunities </li></ul><ul><li>Founder: 12 Apostles, unified by the First Ecumenical Council at Nicea presided by Emperor Constantine I </li></ul><ul><li>Sacred text: Bible </li></ul><ul><li>Beliefs: Jesus Christ, Holy Trinity </li></ul>
  13. 15. <ul><li>18 kingdom hall </li></ul><ul><li>Founder: Charles Taze Russell </li></ul><ul><li>Sacred text: Bible </li></ul><ul><li>Symbol: Cross crowned (They reject the cross) </li></ul><ul><li>Beliefs: God </li></ul>Charles Taze Russell's Masonic grave
  14. 16. <ul><li>2 Churches of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints </li></ul><ul><li>Founder: José Smith </li></ul><ul><li>Sacred text: Bible, Book of Mormon, Doctrine and Covenants and Pearl of Great Price </li></ul><ul><li>Beliefs: God </li></ul>
  15. 17. <ul><li>5 Seventh Day-Adventist churches </li></ul><ul><li>Founder: Ellen White, William Miller, Joseph Bates </li></ul><ul><li>Sacred text: Bible </li></ul><ul><li>Symbol: </li></ul><ul><li>Beliefs: They believe in God and his successor Jehovah, Holy Spirit and a day to rest is called Sabbath. </li></ul>
  16. 18. <ul><li>16 Mosques </li></ul><ul><li>Founder: Mahoma </li></ul><ul><li>Sacred text: Quran </li></ul><ul><li>Symbol: </li></ul><ul><li>Beliefs: Oneness of God Allah and Muhammad his successor, his angels, his books, his prophets, predestination, and in the next life. </li></ul>
  17. 19. <ul><li>15 Buddhist centers </li></ul><ul><li>Founder: Gautama Buddha </li></ul><ul><li>Sacred text: Pāli Canon </li></ul><ul><li>Symbol: Dharmacakra </li></ul><ul><li>Beliefs: It’s a religion without God </li></ul>
  18. 20. <ul><li>5 centres of Taoism </li></ul><ul><li>Founder: Lao Tsé </li></ul><ul><li>Sacred text: Tao Te King </li></ul><ul><li>Symbol: El Yin Yang </li></ul><ul><li>Beliefs: force positive, negative and third conciliatory </li></ul>
  19. 21. <ul><li>3 centers of Hinduism </li></ul><ul><li>Founder: Brahma </li></ul><ul><li>Sacred text: Vedas </li></ul><ul><li>Symbol: Om </li></ul><ul><li>Beliefs: Polytheistic (main God: Brahma) </li></ul>
  20. 22. <ul><li>7 synagogues </li></ul><ul><li>Founder: Abraham </li></ul><ul><li>Symbol: Star of David </li></ul><ul><li>Sacred text: Tanakh or Old Testament </li></ul><ul><li>Beliefs: God (Yavhé), they don’t accept Jesus Christ </li></ul>
  21. 24. <ul><li>People can choose into: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Religious education </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Alternative </li></ul></ul>67 % of young girls declare themselves as Non believers 75 % of young boys declare themselves as Non Believers
  22. 25. <ul><li>Percentages of religious people </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1993: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>91,3% Catholics </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>1,34% Other religions </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>7,34% Non-believers </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>2002: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>80% Catholics </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>8% Other religions </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>12% Non-believers </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Civil Marriages: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1983: 9,7% </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>2009: 62,8% </li></ul></ul>

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