Late Middle Ages
Vocab
• Shires – kingdoms divided into different
districts
• Common Law – collection of laws/rulings
passed by King’sBench (cour...
• Henry II – had people pay to get out of Feudal
obligations – uses $ to pay for army. Common
Law. Marries Eleanor of Aqui...
• Magna Carta – No Taxation w/out Consent.
No sell, refuse, delay justice – King John
• Innocent III – put King John/Engla...
• Saladin – Leader of Mulsim Army
and Holy Lands
• “Holy Land” – Jerusalem and
surrounding lands
• Self-Sufficiency – mano...
• Guilds- had to pay a fee to be in the
craftsman guild. Then could trade and receive
protection, get help from families
•...
• Dante Alighieri – write Divine Comedy
talks about the after life
• Geoffrey Chaucer – writes Canterbury Tales –
makes fu...
• Gothic Architecture- named after
Barbarian Goths. Pointed arches,
tall spires, flying buttresses – reaching
toward heave...
• Henry Tudor-marries a York. Combines York and
Lancaster rose. Sets up strong monarchy to avoid
further war. Henry VII
• ...
• Hugh Capet – weak king chosen by nobles
to control, used to increase territory and
power of France
• Charles V – HRE. St...
• Ivan III – Great – 1st ruler to rule
Russia free from Mongol rule
• Ivan IV – Terrible – kills those
in opposition to hi...
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Late Middle Ages Vocab

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Late Middle Ages Vocab

  1. 1. Late Middle Ages Vocab
  2. 2. • Shires – kingdoms divided into different districts • Common Law – collection of laws/rulings passed by King’sBench (court) – creates a precedence – started during Henry II • William the Conqueror – Defeats Anglo-Saxon Army @ Battle of Hastings in 1066 – Becomes King of England
  3. 3. • Henry II – had people pay to get out of Feudal obligations – uses $ to pay for army. Common Law. Marries Eleanor of Aquitaine = ½ France • Eleanor of Aquitaine – Brought French land to Henry II marriage – Create court life and helps build a strong nation (King John + Richard the Lion Hearted) • King John – taxes nobles to pay for war with France. Forced to sign Magna Carta. Put under interdict by Pope.
  4. 4. • Magna Carta – No Taxation w/out Consent. No sell, refuse, delay justice – King John • Innocent III – put King John/England under interdiction – becomes “Pope’s Vassal” • Pope Urban II – made speech saying all who fought and died in Crusades would go to heaven – starts Crusades • Crusades – Christians journey from Europe to reconquer Holy Lands from Muslims • Children’s Crusade – unsuccessful attempt at children going on Crusade – many die or sold into slavery
  5. 5. • Saladin – Leader of Mulsim Army and Holy Lands • “Holy Land” – Jerusalem and surrounding lands • Self-Sufficiency – manor/people making whatever they need • Barter economy – trading goods and services for goods and services • Commercial Revolution – increase in trade and business • Credit – giving a promise of paying later • Usury- charging interest on loans (church does not allow)
  6. 6. • Guilds- had to pay a fee to be in the craftsman guild. Then could trade and receive protection, get help from families • Apprentice-someone who lives w/ and learns from a master craftsman. Must create a masterpiece to become an artisan • Bubonic Plague – Black Death – kills 25+ million people. Comes to Europe from Asia. Rats carrying fleas. 1300s
  7. 7. • Dante Alighieri – write Divine Comedy talks about the after life • Geoffrey Chaucer – writes Canterbury Tales – makes fun of society • Scholastics – bringing together ideas of faith + reason • Thomas Aquinas – monk summarized Medieval Christian thought in Summa Theologica
  8. 8. • Gothic Architecture- named after Barbarian Goths. Pointed arches, tall spires, flying buttresses – reaching toward heaven (Cathedrals) • Hundred Years’ War – War between Fr. + Br. Over Eleanor of Aquitaine Land. France wants Eng. out! France wins! • Joan of Arc – Peasant girl. Rallies Fr. Troops to win 100yr. War. Saw vision from god. Burned at stake for being a heretic. Made a saint 500yr. later • War of the Roses – York vs. Lancaster fighting for the Br. throne. Lancasters win, but Henry Tudor marries a York and combines both red/white roses.
  9. 9. • Henry Tudor-marries a York. Combines York and Lancaster rose. Sets up strong monarchy to avoid further war. Henry VII • Moors – Muslims living in Spain. Create Cordoba. Kicked out during Reconquista. • Ferdinand and Isabella – marry creating one large Sp. Empire – Daughter is Catherine of Aragon/Henry VIII’s wife – Inquisition • Spanish Reconquista – recapturing Spain from Muslims and Jews (leave,convert,die) • Spanish Inquisition – searching out of heretics, people put on trial, witch hunts, burnings
  10. 10. • Hugh Capet – weak king chosen by nobles to control, used to increase territory and power of France • Charles V – HRE. Strengthens monarchy and gains land for Spain. Son was Philip II who marries Mary I (Henry VIII/Catherine’s daughter) • Mongols- conquer Asia, Russia, China. Control Russian princes by collecting tribute. Destroy countryside and Kiev
  11. 11. • Ivan III – Great – 1st ruler to rule Russia free from Mongol rule • Ivan IV – Terrible – kills those in opposition to him • Ottoman Turks- capture the Byzantine Empire and rename Constantinople, Istanbul 1453. Muslim.

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