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Iconoclastic Controversy Notes


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  • This is incredibly misleading. In fact, icons were accepted and venerated in the Byzantine empire long before Leo III outlawed them. Iconoclasm was a development, not the standard practice in Byzantium historically. Iconoclasm was also not an issue in the schism event of 1054; iconoclasm was condemned at the Synod of Nicaea II in 787, which had been convoked and supported by the Byzantine empress Eirene. The second phase of iconoclasm came to and end in 842, when the Empress Theodora took the throne after the death of her iconoclastic husband Theophilos. In other words, iconoclasm had not been an issue for almost 300 years by the time 1054 rolled around, and certainly played no role in the schism.
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Iconoclastic Controversy Notes

  1. 1. Iconoclastic Controversy NotesLatin Roman Catholic Church Greek Eastern Orthodox Church Western Roman Empire Byzantine Empire• Icons Accepted • Icons NOT accepted• People were illiterate • Believe icons = idols and needed pictures and • 726AD – Emperor Leo III statues to understand rules icons illegal and must the religion be destroyed• Believed praying to God • Iconoclasts believe icons through Icons was not are a heresy and people the same as praying to caught should be idols excommunicated• Pope says icons are OK • Iconoclasts destroyed icons = Byzantine Art after council meets*CHURCH SPLITS in 1054 AD = Great Schism * • Later the Byzantine Empire accepts icons because people were having them anyway.