Children naturally love art. most of them have a dynamic nature and it evolve naturally
through the process of growing up. Art is one way kids think and express their hopes for
adults. artwork produced by children serves as a communication tool and a reflection of
their thinking. According to Koster (2001), this reflection will be develope with the child
until it grows.
Children absolutely like to imagine about what they think. child's imagination can help
them to learn. According to Albert Einstein, imagination is more important than
knowledge. Children that used their imagination into their real live will solve their problem
in art through what they think. Children create works that reveal images into individual
expression. Art that they produce is not necessarily going to be as adults see or expect
but what children produce is coming from what they are imagining in their little eyes.
According to Lowenfeld, existing knowledge of children may be associated with the
development of the child. Lowenfeld specifies children's drawings are divided into 6 parts,
scribble where it occurs while children aged 2 to 4 years, then was Praskematik (4-7
years), after that,Schematics (7-9 years), then Realism (9 -12 years), reasoning (12-14
years) and the last stage is the stage of adolescence (14-17 years).
Development of children's art began when they were aged 2-4 years where they have
already started to doodle in places like walls, floors and furniture . Doodling is divided into
three categories: non-controlling doodling , doodling with control and doodling control
means . Child scribbling on any material or device on any surface. Drawings they produce
does not reflect the image and how to hold the instrument properly .
At the pre schematic (4-7 years) , children who are drawing shapes such as images
confines humans, plants and food . Furthermore schematic level ( 7-9 years) , they
produced many paintings using telepathy symbols which are not permanent in nature and
increases with the level of development . They are more attractive to drawing their
Particularly in the form of geometry. While at the level of realism ( 9-12 years) , they
produce drawings showing the characteristics of human sex differences . Usually drawn
objects based on what they see and not through their observations . Level reasoning
about ( 12-14 ) , they come across the actual forms , it is called the transition stage of
childhood to adolescence. Their paintings are more to realistic and they more understand
the concept .
Normally, when a child scribbling, they will be scolded by their parents or their teachers.
Adults will always consider what is produced by the children is something that is not
useful when they do not know the child is a part of society that deserves attention and
encouragement to produce art. When a child scribbling, adults only because it was part of
the negative behavior and if not checked, the child will be stuck with doing vandalism but
rarely adults looked graffiti is part of the artwork. As an adult and mature, should provide
guidance, encouragement and guidance to them and do not restrict what they do but
supervise and provide guidance to them.
In fact, if the observed carefully, defacing the child is a story derived from their
imagination. Art from the children were impact on society. So that, people should be
supported and given guidance. their childhood endowed with properties like scribbling
and making of art is actually started when they began to make a point and merging point
becomes a circle and line in producing various kinds of lines.
1.1- BACKGROUND OF STUDY
Consider that even before a child can speak, they can draw pictures. It is part of their
process of understanding what’s around them. They draw not just what they see, but how
they view the world. The drawing or doodle of a child is not necessarily an attempt to
reflect reality, but rather an attempt to communicate their understanding of it. This is no
surprise because playing, trial and error, is a child’s primary method of learning. A child is
not concerned with the impressions that others get based on their drawings or mistakes.
Their constant drawing, picture-making and doodling is a child’s way of expressing their
ideas and showing their perceptions in visual form. It comes from a need to give physical
form to one’s thoughts. Similarly, an adult doodles in order to visualize the ideas in their
head so that they can interact with those ideas.
This study is to generate the minds of children so that they are free to create artwork
without restricted or prohibited by adults. At the same time the study also aims to nurture
them appreciate art in a way that they lead visual arts activity in the right place. This
method can be applied in pre-school teachers and primary school teachers so that they
are trained to be given the freedom of artistic activity among children. More correctly, the
teacher can not say "no" or "wrong" in any paintings but should provide guidance or
contribute ideas on the child.
In addition, the production of which is devoted to subjects uniform PSV among children in
elementary school can nurture and train them not to doodle all over the place . Indirectly ,
they also will learn things faster. This is because they can practice what they learn in the
classroom can be applied in a uniform that they wear. Indirectly , thinking they can grow
and learning process will become more attractive as scribbling shirt itself is not
uncommon things they do. Not only that, but they can also wipe it after the strike through .
Teachers will serve as mentors, it is because the teacher will show examples using a
uniform and told it should be divided and can not strike through . Here , teachers or
counselors play an important role in educating them or discipline yourself not to doodle in
place that should not be .
1.2- PROBLEM OF THE STATEMENT
Whatever happens to be followed by the reason and the reason why it happened and
how to avoid or move from the problem persisted. Prior to the study, a variety of things
and aspects should be investigated and emphasized that the problem may have been
resolved thus ensuring that this study will be carried out smoothly without any
interference that prevents it done.
Children is a subject that is very special. They are born with a variety of modes. Each of
them has its own specialties. Not all children have the passion and ambition in the same
area. In the early stages of their growth, they prefer do the independent activities. They
do not like their behavior and movements are controlled and observed. When they were
holding a pen or pencil, they are naturally going to doodle no matter where only either in
walls, floors, furniture, cars, clothing them even in their own limbs. This is a normal
occurrence for children as they begin to speak before they will start to learn scrawled in
advance. If this continues unchecked fear children will be familiar and be influenced by
the vandalism when they get older.
In addition, the possibility of problems that may be encountered during this study is that
children can not hear the directions given by the teacher while doing graffiti on the
uniform is worn, otherwise they scrawled on a part that can be deleted. Possibility that it
will ruin the uniform and can no longer function as designed.
In fact, such a thing happens is not new among our society as defacing the natural
disposition of children. They should be guided and given guidance by scribbling the right
techniques so that they do not get confused between the term vandalism and also do art.
They should be given the opportunity to doodle in place they want but must be supervised
by an adult. Normal, children learn by observation. what they see is what they will follow
and do. therefore, guidance and instruction from adults is important to discipline yourself
in terms of child care behavior to symptoms defacing where they should be able to be
1.3- RESEARCH OBJECTIVES
This research objectives of this study are :
I) to guide and nurture children to doodle at the right place.
II) to generate the mind of children so that they can create art freely.
III) to give a new opportunities in the learning process.
IV) to create attention for students to appreciate arts through doodling.
1.4- RESEARCH QUESTION
This research question of this study are :
I) what is the purpose of guiding and nurturing children doodling at the right place?
II) why children have to generate mind so that they can create art freely?
III) how new opportunities contribute in learning process?
IV) how does doodling can create attention for students to appreciate art?
doodle is one way of attracting children to learn and create art.
the child will feel more free to make art when their behavior is not blocked but they
are given guidance by older people and understand them.
1.6- OPERATIONAL DEFINATION
In this study there are some things that need to be identified and definitions that describe
the project to be produced can be done well and the goals that we want is clear.
Therefore the definition is to focus on is the definition of the term doodle, uniform and
imagination or daydreaming.
1.6.1- Definition of Doodling and scribbling
The dictionary defines doodle as a verb which is scribble absentmindedly and as a noun
is a rough drawing made absentmindedly. It also offers the origins of the word doodler as
a noun denoting a fool, later as a verb in the sense ‘make a fool of, cheat.’
According to author,Sunni Brown, In the 17th century, a doodle was a simpleton or a fool,
as in “Yankee Doodle.” In the 18th century, it became a verb, and it meant to swindle or
ridicule or to make fun of someone. In the 19th century, it was a corrupt politician. And
today, we have what is perhaps our most offensive definition, at least to me, which is the
following: “To doodle officially means to dawdle, to dilly dally, to monkey around, to make
meaningless marks, to do something of little value, substance or import and,” his personal
favorite, “to do nothing.” No wonder people are averse to doodling at work. Doing nothing
at work is like to masturbating at work. It’s totally inappropriate.”
From about their first birthday children achieve the fine motor control to handle a crayon.
At first they scribble. The youngest child scribbles with a series of left and right motions,
later up, down and then circular motions are added. The child appears to get
considerable pleasure from watching the line or the colours appear. Often however
children do not pay attention to the edges of the page and the lines go beyond the
confines of the page. Children are often also interested in body painting and, given the
opportunity, will draw on their hands or smear paint on their faces.
Later, from about their second birthday, controlled scribbling starts. Children produce
patterns of simple shapes: circles, crosses and star-bursts. They also become interested
in arrangement and can produce simple collages of coloured paper, or place stones in
patterns. Once children have established controlled scribbling they begin to name their
From about age three, the child begins to combine circles and lines to make simple
figures. At first, people are drawn without a body and with arms emerging directly from the
head. The eyes are often drawn large, filling up most of the face, and hands and feet are
omitted. At this stage it may be impossible to identify the subject of the art without the
1.6.2- Definition of Uniform
A school uniform is an outfit a set of standardized clothes worn primarily for an
educational institution. They are common in primary and secondary schools in various
countries. When used, they form the basis of a school's dress code. A study published in
The Journal of Educational Research by David L. Brunsma, of the University of Alabama,
and Kerry A. Rockquemore, of the University of Notre Dame,states:
"The findings indicate that student uniforms have no direct effect on substance use,
behavioral problems, or attendance. A negative effect of uniforms on student academic
achievement was found."
1.6.3- Definition of imagination
Imagination, also called the faculty of imagining, is the ability to form new images and
sensations that are not perceived through senses such as sight, hearing, or other senses.
Imagination helps make knowledge applicable in solving problems and is fundamental to
integrating experience and the learning process. A basic training for imagination is
listening to storytelling (narrative), in which the exactness of the chosen words is the
fundamental factor to "evoke worlds".
Imagination can also be expressed through stories such as fairy tales or fantasies.
Children often use such narratives and pretend play in order to exercise their
imaginations. When children develop fantasy they play at two levels: first, they use role
playing to act out what they have developed with their imagination, and at the second
level they play again with their make-believe situation by acting as if what they have
developed is an actual reality that already exists in narrative myth.
1.7- LIMITATION OF THE STUDY
The first limitation is the respondents of this study. The respondents is only limited to the
pre-school students or private kindergarten. Girl and boy will be doing this experiment
with the different design of uniform. Primary school from standard 1 until standard 3 also
includes in this study and maybe affected differently when using this uniform and maybe
they will give the different feed back while wearing the uniform because they start to think
far away compared to the pre school student and kindergarten student. As example,
student from standard 3 will follow the instruction from the teacher perfectly and doing this
experiment properly but some of the kindergarten student and pre school student can not
follow the process of doing doodling by using the uniform with good attitude.
The second limitation of this study is the sample size in the study is not a good sample
size. The sample size of this study is too small. The sample size is only limited to 50
respondents consists of children from private school around Kuala Lumpur and Shah
Alam. The sample size is too small in order to know response from the other school such
as public primary school around town area and rural area. The sample size must be big
enough in order to make a conclusion on how far the uniform are functional for them.
Thus is it that uniform needed in learning process at school as a school uniform.
The third limitation is the place that this study will conducted. This study were only made
up of pre-school student, private kindergarten and private primary school. Thus the
sample cannot be the representative of the rest of the population. Student from other
school such as public primary school around town area and public primary school around
rural area, might show the different results from the private kindergarten and private
primary school. Furthermore, the study only focused on doodling method for children age
3 years old until 9 years old. Because of this study is only conducted for private
kindergarten and private primary school in town, the result is not precise enough to
conclude how this uniform will be function and in the other way it is to help children
learning something to making art. Thus, it can help in improving their academic learning
and affects their academic learning process. Conclusion can only be made for students
from other school also has be include in order to have solid result regarding to the
experiment by wearing the uniform. Therefore, the result can be used as a reference if the
other school are interested to try and used that uniform.
Besides that, the attitude of the sample is one of the problems, since the researcher uses
the randomly sampling which is never know the attitude of that student, the sample do not
give the coordination with the researcher for instance, the student do not want to wear the
uniform because of the uniform is not similar with the usual uniform that they wear every
day. Furthermore, the leisure of the uniform is one of the technical aspect that researcher
must think before give to the children to used it.
Not all studies performed to bring good results. but what is expected it will run smoothly
and great impact to all parties. Each made sure to go through different challenges. In this
study, may experience difficulty when a child does not want to wear a uniform that is
suggested, because of the possibility of uniforms are manufactured using a material or
fabric that is quite hot and cause the child to feel uncomfortable. In addition, the role of
the teacher is also very important to ensure that the child is using the uniform correctly.
They include whether the child is scribbling in its proper or not, uniform is functional or
not, whether they wear the uniform properly and make sure whether they are comfortable
or not while using uniform.
1.8- SIGNIFICANT OF THE STUDY
Firstly, the study of the approachable by doodling method among children is to identify
whether children will accept and can follow the instruction from the teacher or not.
Besides that, this study want to prove to the parents and adult that children’s art work is
meaningful and they can making art at anywhere they want without damage the surface
and place. At the other way, this study want to invite adults appreciate the children’s
artwork. If this study was proven, thus teachers will apply these uniform at school during
their learning process and it will benefit to all of them. Furthermore, it is very crucial to
identify whether this uniform can help in improving student’s learning process by doodling
methods through the uniform.
In addition, this study tends to determine how the uniform are functional among the
children and how far the children receipt the uniform to be adapt into their learning
process in a way to make them have a discipline in art making. The study will assist the
student to identify the important about making art in school and why must they interested
to learn about art by doodling method. For example, children that always scribble on the
surface at their uniform when they see it has a place for them to scribble. From there, it
will show the skills of that children. Therefore, it is necessary for children that want to
draw or scribble something on there.
Moreover, the study of the approachable by doodling methods among children will help
student in other subject not only in art but sometimes they will made a calculation on that
surface like counting number one until ten or ‘1 + 1 = 2’. They also will learn to know the
letter of alphabet when they start to write ‘A,B,C’ until ‘z’ and spell the subject like ‘A for
Apple’ and they will draw the shape of apple with their own imagination. The study tends
to investigate whether the usage of uniform are comfort or not and is it that uniform are
function or not among student in the class during the learning process. For example, the
student were have fun while learning art and other subject by wearing the uniform
because they will make something different on their own uniform and they will wipe it after
they wrote on the surface that can be write or doodles, or in other case they are not
comfort to doing art on their uniform because they worry that their parents or teacher will
scold them because they not really know how the uniform are function. As a result, it is
very important to identify either they will accept and exited to wearing the uniform for their
learning process in class or they do not want to wear it.
Importance of this study is because they want to see and test the skills and abilities of the
children to listen and follow directions in which they will be given instructions not to doodle
everywhere and where they should be . Besides, they also will be educated and trained to
use the space provided to facilitate graffiti activity . This study is to guide and discipline
them in the beginning so as not to acquaint themselves scrawled everywhere or places
they should not. Therefore, this study provides an alternative to the child can still be
scribbling , but in the meantime they are educated to not get caught up with cultural
vandalism . Usually the child will easily hear the instructions of teachers , if they are
trained to do like that since childhood . Indirectly , their learning will be more fun and
boring as they are free to express what is in their minds.