ELECTRICAL INSTALLATIONS  – why fiascos? Khalid Pervez Chief Executive   KP & ASSOCIATES Consultants & Project Managers Ka...
PREVALENT SCENARIO ► Awareness regarding  Consultancy   ►   Consultant’s Selection ►   Unqualified Consultants ►   Value E...
► Non-Vetting of Consultants’  Design   ►   Abundance of Counterfeit and  substandard Products  ►   Scarcity of skilled ma...
PROJECT DEVELOPMENT <ul><li>►   Assessment of Requirements </li></ul><ul><ul><li>▪  Clarity of functional aspects </li></u...
<ul><ul><li>►   Design Narrative  contd… </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Primary & standby Power Sources </li></ul></ul><ul><ul...
<ul><ul><li>Earthing & Lightning Protection   </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Methods of installation  </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><...
<ul><li>►   Material & Installation Specifications </li></ul><ul><ul><li>▪  Inclusions of all items </li></ul></ul><ul><li...
<ul><li>  ▪  Physical disposition </li></ul><ul><li>►   Conformance with standards </li></ul><ul><ul><li>▪  Design </li></...
PROJECT EXECUTION ►   Selection of a Contractor   ▪  Lowest cost approach ▪  Manpower resource ▪  Site Management ►   Mate...
▪  Variations during execution ►   Consultant’s Supervision   ▪  Supervision checklists ▪  Supervision Records ▪  Resoluti...
►   Testing & Commissioning  ▪  Test Protocols ▪  Witnessing of Tests ▪  Remedies ▪  As-built documentation PROJECT EXECUT...
REGULATORY FRAMEWORK ►   Regulatory Bodies   ▪  NEPRA ▪  Offices of Electric Inspectors ▪  Building Control Authorities ▪ ...
►   Regulatory Instruments ▪  Electricity Act 1910 ▪  Electricity Regulations 1937 ▪  Building Regulations REGULATORY FRAM...
CONCLUSIONS & RECOMMENDATIONS ► Regulatory bodies must be made to  stand on their feet and develop ►   Regulatory bodies m...
May there be Light   Best Wishes to all
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Electrical Installations

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Electrical Installations

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Electrical Installations

  1. 1. ELECTRICAL INSTALLATIONS – why fiascos? Khalid Pervez Chief Executive KP & ASSOCIATES Consultants & Project Managers Karachi
  2. 2. PREVALENT SCENARIO ► Awareness regarding Consultancy ► Consultant’s Selection ► Unqualified Consultants ► Value Engineering
  3. 3. ► Non-Vetting of Consultants’ Design ► Abundance of Counterfeit and substandard Products ► Scarcity of skilled manpower ► Low cost approach ► Lack of supervision PREVALENT SCENARIO (cont’d)
  4. 4. PROJECT DEVELOPMENT <ul><li>► Assessment of Requirements </li></ul><ul><ul><li>▪ Clarity of functional aspects </li></ul></ul><ul><li>▪ Impact of revisions in requirements </li></ul><ul><li>▪ Budget driven approach </li></ul><ul><li>► Design Narrative </li></ul><ul><li>▪ Scope of work </li></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><ul><li>► Design Narrative contd… </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Primary & standby Power Sources </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>▪ Power Requirements </li></ul></ul><ul><li>▪ Lighting Levels </li></ul><ul><li>▪ Communication, data networks and computing environment </li></ul><ul><li>▪ Extra Low Voltage Systems </li></ul>PROJECT DEVELOPMENT (cont’d)
  6. 6. <ul><ul><li>Earthing & Lightning Protection </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Methods of installation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Standards to be followed </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>▪ Climatic and ambient data </li></ul></ul><ul><li>► Detailed Engineering </li></ul><ul><li>▪ No empirical relations </li></ul><ul><li>▪ Computer based analysis </li></ul>PROJECT DEVELOPMENT (cont’d)
  7. 7. <ul><li>► Material & Installation Specifications </li></ul><ul><ul><li>▪ Inclusions of all items </li></ul></ul><ul><li>▪ Unambiguous </li></ul><ul><li>▪ Project - specific </li></ul><ul><li>► Coordination with other Services </li></ul><ul><li>▪ Power requirements </li></ul>PROJECT DEVELOPMENT (cont’d)
  8. 8. <ul><li> ▪ Physical disposition </li></ul><ul><li>► Conformance with standards </li></ul><ul><ul><li>▪ Design </li></ul></ul><ul><li>▪ Materials & Products </li></ul><ul><li>▪ Testing & commissioning </li></ul>PROJECT DEVELOPMENT (cont’d)
  9. 9. PROJECT EXECUTION ► Selection of a Contractor ▪ Lowest cost approach ▪ Manpower resource ▪ Site Management ► Material Approval ▪ Correlation with specifications
  10. 10. ▪ Variations during execution ► Consultant’s Supervision ▪ Supervision checklists ▪ Supervision Records ▪ Resolution of Disputes PROJECT EXECUTION (cont’d)
  11. 11. ► Testing & Commissioning ▪ Test Protocols ▪ Witnessing of Tests ▪ Remedies ▪ As-built documentation PROJECT EXECUTION (cont’d)
  12. 12. REGULATORY FRAMEWORK ► Regulatory Bodies ▪ NEPRA ▪ Offices of Electric Inspectors ▪ Building Control Authorities ▪ Pakistan standards & Quality Control Authority
  13. 13. ► Regulatory Instruments ▪ Electricity Act 1910 ▪ Electricity Regulations 1937 ▪ Building Regulations REGULATORY FRAMEWORK (cont’d)
  14. 14. CONCLUSIONS & RECOMMENDATIONS ► Regulatory bodies must be made to stand on their feet and develop ► Regulatory bodies must develop effective framework to address all aspects of quality installations. ► The government must develop vocational training facilities on a massive scale. ► Socio-economic obligations.
  15. 15. May there be Light Best Wishes to all

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