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The design and implementation of a farmland monitoring wireless sensor network


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The design and implementation of a farmland monitoring wireless sensor network

  1. 1. ECWAY TECHNOLOGIES IEEE PROJECTS & SOFTWARE DEVELOPMENTS OUR OFFICES @ CHENNAI / TRICHY / KARUR / ERODE / MADURAI / SALEM / COIMBATORE BANGALORE / HYDRABAD CELL: 9894917187 | 875487 1111/2222/3333 | 8754872111 / 3111 / 4111 / 5111 / 6111 Visit: Mail to: THE DESIGN AND IMPLEMENTATION OF A FARMLAND MONITORING WIRELESS SENSOR NETWORK ABSTRACT This paper proposes a resolution of using wireless sensor networks to improve the productivity of agriculture. The application of the sensor networks is introduced briefly at first, then the design and implementation of the hardware and software of the sensor nodes and sink node is discussed in detail. The experimental results show that the system can work effectively in monitoring the ecology environment of the farmland and its application will prominently improve the productivity of agriculture. The task of the system is to monitor the temperature and moisture of the soil and air. The sensor nodes deployed in the monitored region are responsible for the acquisition of ecology parameters of the farmland. The data sampled then were sent to the sink node via wireless communication in there the data were classified and stored for each user. The user can query these data by using their user terminal or the data can be sent automatically to the user at specified time. So in order to perform the tasks described above, the system should consist of three main components: the sensor nodes used for data acquisition, the sink node responsible for data processing and communication, the user terminal that sends command to the sensor network and receives data from the sensor network for the user to read.
  2. 2. The users send commands to the sink node via GSM by using the user terminal. The sink node that receives the commands then identify the ID of the user, send data pooling command to the corresponding sensor node. The sensor node then is waked up and gets into the working state. The active sensor node start up the data acquisition process then send the parameters of the farmland to the sink node directly or transfer through other nodes. The data from the targeting site such as the temperature and moisture of the soil and air, will be classified by the sink node, and then is sent to the end user by GSM or other wireless communication. This project uses regulated 5v, 750ma power supply. 7805 three terminal voltage regulator is used for voltage regulation. Bridge type full wave rectifier is used to rectify the ac output of secondary of 230/18v step down transformer.
  4. 4. HARDWARE COMPONENTS  CONTROLLER  POWER SUPPLY  LCD DISPLAY  GSM  MAX 232  TEMPERATURE SENSOR  HUMIDITY SENSOR  Soil moisture sensor  ADC ADVANTAGES  It gives immediate information to the control unit  Simple and reliable  Low cost  Easily applicable APPLICATIONS  It used at coal mines  It is used at public places  It is used at industries.  Military applications