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Dc microgrid for wind and solar power integration

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Final Year IEEE Projects for BE, B.Tech, ME, M.Tech,M.Sc, MCA & Diploma Students latest Java, .Net, Matlab, NS2, Android, Embedded,Mechanical, Robtics, VLSI, Power Electronics, IEEE projects are given absolutely complete working product and document providing with real time Software & Embedded training......
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JAVA, .NET, NS2, MATLAB PROJECTS:

Networking, Network Security, Data Mining, Cloud Computing, Grid Computing, Web Services, Mobile Computing, Software Engineering, Image Processing, E-Commerce, Games App, Multimedia, etc.,

EMBEDDED SYSTEMS:

Embedded Systems,Micro Controllers, DSC & DSP, VLSI Design, Biometrics, RFID, Finger Print, Smart Cards, IRIS, Bar Code, Bluetooth, Zigbee, GPS, Voice Control, Remote System, Power Electronics, etc.,

ROBOTICS PROJECTS:

Mobile Robots, Service Robots, Industrial Robots, Defence Robots, Spy Robot, Artificial Robots, Automated Machine Control, Stair Climbing, Cleaning, Painting, Industry Security Robots, etc.,

MOBILE APPLICATION (ANDROID & J2ME):

Android Application, Web Services, Wireless Application, Bluetooth Application, WiFi Application, Mobile Security, Multimedia Projects, Multi Media, E-Commerce, Games Application, etc.,

MECHANICAL PROJECTS:

Auto Mobiles, Hydraulics, Robotics, Air Assisted Exhaust Breaking System, Automatic Trolley for Material Handling System in Industry, Hydraulics And Pneumatics, CAD/CAM/CAE Projects, Special Purpose Hydraulics And Pneumatics, CATIA, ANSYS, 3D Model Animations, etc.,

CONTACT US:

ECWAY TECHNOLOGIES
23/A, 2nd Floor, SKS Complex,
OPP. Bus Stand, Karur-639 001.
TamilNadu , India.Cell: +91 9894917187.
Website: www.ecwayprojects.com | www.ecwaytechnologies.com
Mail to: ecwaytechnologies@gmail.com.

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Dc microgrid for wind and solar power integration

  1. 1. OUR OFFICES @CHENNAI/ TRICHY/ KARUR / ERODE / MADURAI / SALEM / COIMBATORE / BANGALORE / HYDRABAD CELL: 9894917187 | 875487 1111 / 2111 / 3111 / 4111 / 5111 / 6111 Visit: www.ecwaytechnologies.com | www.ecwayprojects.com Mail to: ecwaytechnologies@gmail.com ECWAY TECHNOLOGIES IEEE SOFTWARE | EMBEDDED | MECHANICAL | ROBOTICS PROJECTS DEVELOPMENT DC MICROGRID FOR WIND AND SOLAR POWER INTEGRATION By A PROJECT REPORT Submitted to the Department of electronics & communication Engineering in the FACULTY OF ENGINEERING & TECHNOLOGY In partial fulfillment of the requirements for the award of the degree Of MASTER OF TECHNOLOGY IN ELECTRONICS & COMMUNICATION ENGINEERING APRIL 2016
  2. 2. OUR OFFICES @CHENNAI/ TRICHY/ KARUR / ERODE / MADURAI / SALEM / COIMBATORE / BANGALORE / HYDRABAD CELL: 9894917187 | 875487 1111 / 2111 / 3111 / 4111 / 5111 / 6111 Visit: www.ecwaytechnologies.com | www.ecwayprojects.com Mail to: ecwaytechnologies@gmail.com ECWAY TECHNOLOGIES IEEE SOFTWARE | EMBEDDED | MECHANICAL | ROBOTICS PROJECTS DEVELOPMENT CERTIFICATE Certified that this project report titled “DC MICROGRID FOR WIND AND SOLAR POWER INTEGRATION” is the bonafide work of Mr. _____________Who carried out the research under my supervision Certified further, that to the best of my knowledge the work reported herein does not form part of any other project report or dissertation on the basis of which a degree or award was conferred on an earlier occasion on this or any other candidate. Signature of the Guide Signature of the H.O.D Name Name
  3. 3. OUR OFFICES @CHENNAI/ TRICHY/ KARUR / ERODE / MADURAI / SALEM / COIMBATORE / BANGALORE / HYDRABAD CELL: 9894917187 | 875487 1111 / 2111 / 3111 / 4111 / 5111 / 6111 Visit: www.ecwaytechnologies.com | www.ecwayprojects.com Mail to: ecwaytechnologies@gmail.com ECWAY TECHNOLOGIES IEEE SOFTWARE | EMBEDDED | MECHANICAL | ROBOTICS PROJECTS DEVELOPMENT DECLARATION I hereby declare that the project work entitled “DC MICROGRID FOR WIND AND SOLAR POWER INTEGRATION” Submitted to BHARATHIDASAN UNIVERSITY in partial fulfillment of the requirement for the award of the Degree of MASTER OF APPLIED ELECTRONICS is a record of original work done by me the guidance of Prof.A.Vinayagam M.Sc., M.Phil., M.E., to the best of my knowledge, the work reported here is not a part of any other thesis or work on the basis of which a degree or award was conferred on an earlier occasion to me or any other candidate. (Student Name) (Reg.No) Place: Date: ACKNOWLEDGEMENT
  4. 4. OUR OFFICES @CHENNAI/ TRICHY/ KARUR / ERODE / MADURAI / SALEM / COIMBATORE / BANGALORE / HYDRABAD CELL: 9894917187 | 875487 1111 / 2111 / 3111 / 4111 / 5111 / 6111 Visit: www.ecwaytechnologies.com | www.ecwayprojects.com Mail to: ecwaytechnologies@gmail.com ECWAY TECHNOLOGIES IEEE SOFTWARE | EMBEDDED | MECHANICAL | ROBOTICS PROJECTS DEVELOPMENT I am extremely glad to present my project “DC MICROGRID FOR WIND AND SOLAR POWER INTEGRATION” which is a part of my curriculum of third semester Master of Science in Computer science. I take this opportunity to express my sincere gratitude to those who helped me in bringing out this project work. I would like to express my Director, Dr. K. ANANDAN, M.A.(Eco.), M.Ed., M.Phil.,(Edn.), PGDCA., CGT., M.A.(Psy.) of who had given me an opportunity to undertake this project. I am highly indebted to Co-Ordinator Prof. Muniappan Department of Physics and thank from my deep heart for her valuable comments I received through my project. I wish to express my deep sense of gratitude to my guide Prof. A.Vinayagam M.Sc., M.Phil., M.E., for her immense help and encouragement for successful completion of this project. I also express my sincere thanks to the all the staff members of Computer science for their kind advice. And last, but not the least, I express my deep gratitude to my parents and friends for their encouragement and support throughout the project.
  5. 5. OUR OFFICES @CHENNAI/ TRICHY/ KARUR / ERODE / MADURAI / SALEM / COIMBATORE / BANGALORE / HYDRABAD CELL: 9894917187 | 875487 1111 / 2111 / 3111 / 4111 / 5111 / 6111 Visit: www.ecwaytechnologies.com | www.ecwayprojects.com Mail to: ecwaytechnologies@gmail.com ECWAY TECHNOLOGIES IEEE SOFTWARE | EMBEDDED | MECHANICAL | ROBOTICS PROJECTS DEVELOPMENT ABSTRACT: Operational controls are designed to support the integration of wind and solar power within microgrids. An aggregated model of renewable wind and solar power generation forecast is proposed to support the quantification of the operational reserve for day-ahead and real-time scheduling. Then, a droop control for power electronic converters connected to battery storage is developed and tested. Compared with the existing droop controls, it is distinguished in that the droop curves are set as a function of the storage state-of-charge (SOC) and can become asymmetric. The adaptation of the slopes ensures that the power output supports the terminal voltage while at the same keeping the SOC within a target range of desired operational reserve. This is shown to maintain the equilibrium of the microgrid’s real-time supply and demand. The controls are implemented for the special case of a dc microgrid that is vertically integrated within a high-rise host building of an urban area. Previously untapped wind and solar power are harvested on the roof and sides of a tower, thereby supporting delivery to electric vehicles on the ground. The microgrid vertically integrates with the host building without creating a large footprint.
  6. 6. OUR OFFICES @CHENNAI/ TRICHY/ KARUR / ERODE / MADURAI / SALEM / COIMBATORE / BANGALORE / HYDRABAD CELL: 9894917187 | 875487 1111 / 2111 / 3111 / 4111 / 5111 / 6111 Visit: www.ecwaytechnologies.com | www.ecwayprojects.com Mail to: ecwaytechnologies@gmail.com ECWAY TECHNOLOGIES IEEE SOFTWARE | EMBEDDED | MECHANICAL | ROBOTICS PROJECTS DEVELOPMENT INTRODUCTION: In recent years, 44.8 GW of new wind energy conversion systems were installed worldwide.The trend has been toward increasingly larger turbine sizes, culminating in the installation of off-shore wind parks that are located far from the load centers. This can lead to rather large distances between generation and load in the electricity sector.The transportation sector reveals an even larger disconnect between the locations of fuel production and consumption. The energy system proposed in this paper seeks to address both issues related to electricity and transportation sectors.One potential solution is a microgrid that can be vertically integrated with a high-rise building as frequently encountered in urban areas. The harvesting of renewable wind and solar energy occurs at the top of the building.The rooftop generation connects to the ground level via a microgrid where electric vehicle (EV) charging stations are supplied, and a battery supports maintaining the balance of supply and demand. The potential value of an urban integration within buildings as considered here comes from the usage of rooftop energy resources, the storage of the latter for offering EV fast charging at the ground level, the contribution to emission-free EV transportation in urban areas, the co- location and integration of generation and load in urban areas, and the grid-friendly integration of the microgrid with the rest of the power system main grid.
  7. 7. OUR OFFICES @CHENNAI/ TRICHY/ KARUR / ERODE / MADURAI / SALEM / COIMBATORE / BANGALORE / HYDRABAD CELL: 9894917187 | 875487 1111 / 2111 / 3111 / 4111 / 5111 / 6111 Visit: www.ecwaytechnologies.com | www.ecwayprojects.com Mail to: ecwaytechnologies@gmail.com ECWAY TECHNOLOGIES IEEE SOFTWARE | EMBEDDED | MECHANICAL | ROBOTICS PROJECTS DEVELOPMENT EXISTING SYSTEM: The combination of wind and solar energy resources on a rooftop was also investigated.It was verified that the combination of wind and solar energy leads to reduced local storage requirements.The combination of diverse but complementary storage technologies in turn can form a multilevel energy storage, where a supercapacitor or flywheel provides cache control to compensate for fast power fluctuations and to smoothen the transients encountered by a battery with higher energy capacity.Microgrids or hybrid energy systems have been shown to be an effective structure for local interconnection of distributed renewable generation, loads, and storage.
  8. 8. OUR OFFICES @CHENNAI/ TRICHY/ KARUR / ERODE / MADURAI / SALEM / COIMBATORE / BANGALORE / HYDRABAD CELL: 9894917187 | 875487 1111 / 2111 / 3111 / 4111 / 5111 / 6111 Visit: www.ecwaytechnologies.com | www.ecwayprojects.com Mail to: ecwaytechnologies@gmail.com ECWAY TECHNOLOGIES IEEE SOFTWARE | EMBEDDED | MECHANICAL | ROBOTICS PROJECTS DEVELOPMENT PROPOSED SYSTEM: A dc microgrid for renewable power integration has been proposed.The operational optimization and power electronics based voltage power droop control was developed,and the functioning was demonstrated.Interaction with the main grid was controlled as a result of an operational optimization that seeks to minimize cost and emissions.A method to quantify the uncertainty affiliated with the forecast of aggregated wind and PV-based power generation was created and used to quantify the energy reserve of the battery energy storage system. The battery is parallel-connected with a supercapacitor to form a multilevel energy storage.The latter plays a critical role in compensating renewable power fluctuations and providing the power needed when EVs stop by for fast charging. In accordance with the microgrid paradigm,operation is also supported in autonomous mode to support UPS when the connection to the main grid is unavailable.During such periods, fast charging is not supported, as the priority shifts to supplying critical local loads.
  9. 9. OUR OFFICES @CHENNAI/ TRICHY/ KARUR / ERODE / MADURAI / SALEM / COIMBATORE / BANGALORE / HYDRABAD CELL: 9894917187 | 875487 1111 / 2111 / 3111 / 4111 / 5111 / 6111 Visit: www.ecwaytechnologies.com | www.ecwayprojects.com Mail to: ecwaytechnologies@gmail.com ECWAY TECHNOLOGIES IEEE SOFTWARE | EMBEDDED | MECHANICAL | ROBOTICS PROJECTS DEVELOPMENT ADVANTAGES:  Interaction with the main grid was controlled as a result of an operational optimization that seeks to minimize cost and emissions.  The adaptation of the slopes ensures that the power output supports the terminal voltage while at the same keeping the SOC within a target range of desired operational reserve.  The microgrid vertically integrates with the host building without creating a large footprint.
  10. 10. OUR OFFICES @CHENNAI/ TRICHY/ KARUR / ERODE / MADURAI / SALEM / COIMBATORE / BANGALORE / HYDRABAD CELL: 9894917187 | 875487 1111 / 2111 / 3111 / 4111 / 5111 / 6111 Visit: www.ecwaytechnologies.com | www.ecwayprojects.com Mail to: ecwaytechnologies@gmail.com ECWAY TECHNOLOGIES IEEE SOFTWARE | EMBEDDED | MECHANICAL | ROBOTICS PROJECTS DEVELOPMENT BLOCK DIAGRAM:
  11. 11. OUR OFFICES @CHENNAI/ TRICHY/ KARUR / ERODE / MADURAI / SALEM / COIMBATORE / BANGALORE / HYDRABAD CELL: 9894917187 | 875487 1111 / 2111 / 3111 / 4111 / 5111 / 6111 Visit: www.ecwaytechnologies.com | www.ecwayprojects.com Mail to: ecwaytechnologies@gmail.com ECWAY TECHNOLOGIES IEEE SOFTWARE | EMBEDDED | MECHANICAL | ROBOTICS PROJECTS DEVELOPMENT TOOLS AND SOFTWARE USED:  MPLAB – microcontroller programming.  ORCAD – circuit layout.  MATLAB/Simulink – Simulation
  12. 12. OUR OFFICES @CHENNAI/ TRICHY/ KARUR / ERODE / MADURAI / SALEM / COIMBATORE / BANGALORE / HYDRABAD CELL: 9894917187 | 875487 1111 / 2111 / 3111 / 4111 / 5111 / 6111 Visit: www.ecwaytechnologies.com | www.ecwayprojects.com Mail to: ecwaytechnologies@gmail.com ECWAY TECHNOLOGIES IEEE SOFTWARE | EMBEDDED | MECHANICAL | ROBOTICS PROJECTS DEVELOPMENT APPLICATIONS:  Hybrid electric vehicle
  13. 13. OUR OFFICES @CHENNAI/ TRICHY/ KARUR / ERODE / MADURAI / SALEM / COIMBATORE / BANGALORE / HYDRABAD CELL: 9894917187 | 875487 1111 / 2111 / 3111 / 4111 / 5111 / 6111 Visit: www.ecwaytechnologies.com | www.ecwayprojects.com Mail to: ecwaytechnologies@gmail.com ECWAY TECHNOLOGIES IEEE SOFTWARE | EMBEDDED | MECHANICAL | ROBOTICS PROJECTS DEVELOPMENT CONCLUSION: A dc microgrid for renewable power integration has been proposed. The operational optimization and power-electronicsbased voltage–power droop control was developed, and the functioning was demonstrated through simulation. Interaction with the main grid was controlled as a result of an operational optimization that seeks to minimize cost and emissions. A method to quantify the uncertainty affiliated with the forecast of aggregated wind and PV-based power generation was created and used to quantify the energy reserve of the battery energy storage system. The battery is parallel-connected with a supercapacitor to form a multilevel energy storage. The latter plays a critical role in compensating renewable power fluctuations and providing the power needed when EVs stop by for fast charging. In accordance with the microgrid paradigm, operation is also supported in autonomous mode to support UPS when the connection to the main grid is unavailable. During such periods, fast charging is not supported, as the priority shifts to supplying critical local loads
  14. 14. OUR OFFICES @CHENNAI/ TRICHY/ KARUR / ERODE / MADURAI / SALEM / COIMBATORE / BANGALORE / HYDRABAD CELL: 9894917187 | 875487 1111 / 2111 / 3111 / 4111 / 5111 / 6111 Visit: www.ecwaytechnologies.com | www.ecwayprojects.com Mail to: ecwaytechnologies@gmail.com ECWAY TECHNOLOGIES IEEE SOFTWARE | EMBEDDED | MECHANICAL | ROBOTICS PROJECTS DEVELOPMENT REFERENCES: [1] “Global wind report: Annual market update 2012,” Global Wind Energy Council, Brussels, Belgium, Tech. Rep., 2012. [2] H. Polinder, J. A. Ferreira, B. B. Jensen, A. B. Abrahamsen, K. Atallah, and R. A. McMahon, “Trends in wind turbine generator systems,” IEEE J. Emerg. Sel. Topics Power Electron., vol. 1, no. 3, pp. 174–185, Sep. 2013. [3] F. Giraud and Z. M. Salameh, “Steady-state performance of a gridconnected rooftop hybrid wind-photovoltaic power system with battery storage,” IEEE Trans. Energy Convers., vol. 16, no. 1, pp. 1–7, Mar. 2001. [4] B. S. Borowy and Z. M. Salameh, “Methodology for optimally sizing the combination of a battery bank and PV array in a wind/PV hybrid system,” IEEE Trans. Energy Convers., vol. 11, no. 2, pp. 367–375, Mar. 1996. [5] M. Cheng, S. Kato, H. Sumitani, and R. Shimada, “Flywheel-based AC cache power for stand-alone power systems,” IEEJ Trans. Electr. Electron. Eng., vol. 8, no. 3, pp. 290–296, May 2013.

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