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Analysis and design of llc resonant converters with capacitor–diode clamp current limiting

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Final Year IEEE Projects for BE, B.Tech, ME, M.Tech,M.Sc, MCA & Diploma Students latest Java, .Net, Matlab, NS2, Android, Embedded,Mechanical, Robtics, VLSI, Power Electronics, IEEE projects are given absolutely complete working product and document providing with real time Software & Embedded training......
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Analysis and design of llc resonant converters with capacitor–diode clamp current limiting

  1. 1. OUR OFFICES @CHENNAI/ TRICHY/ KARUR / ERODE / MADURAI / SALEM / COIMBATORE / BANGALORE / HYDRABAD CELL: 9894917187 | 875487 1111 / 2111 / 3111 / 4111 / 5111 / 6111 Visit: www.ecwaytechnologies.com | www.ecwayprojects.com Mail to: ecwaytechnologies@gmail.com ECWAY TECHNOLOGIES IEEE SOFTWARE | EMBEDDED | MECHANICAL | ROBOTICS PROJECTS DEVELOPMENT ANALYSIS AND DESIGN OF LLC RESONANT CONVERTERS WITH CAPACITOR– DIODE CLAMP CURRENT LIMITING By A PROJECT REPORT Submitted to the Department of electronics & communication Engineering in the FACULTY OF ENGINEERING & TECHNOLOGY In partial fulfillment of the requirements for the award of the degree Of MASTER OF TECHNOLOGY IN ELECTRONICS & COMMUNICATION ENGINEERING APRIL 2016
  2. 2. OUR OFFICES @CHENNAI/ TRICHY/ KARUR / ERODE / MADURAI / SALEM / COIMBATORE / BANGALORE / HYDRABAD CELL: 9894917187 | 875487 1111 / 2111 / 3111 / 4111 / 5111 / 6111 Visit: www.ecwaytechnologies.com | www.ecwayprojects.com Mail to: ecwaytechnologies@gmail.com ECWAY TECHNOLOGIES IEEE SOFTWARE | EMBEDDED | MECHANICAL | ROBOTICS PROJECTS DEVELOPMENT CERTIFICATE Certified that this project report titled “ANALYSIS AND DESIGN OF LLC RESONANT CONVERTERS WITH CAPACITOR–DIODE CLAMP CURRENT LIMITING” is the bonafide work of Mr. _____________Who carried out the research under my supervision Certified further, that to the best of my knowledge the work reported herein does not form part of any other project report or dissertation on the basis of which a degree or award was conferred on an earlier occasion on this or any other candidate. Signature of the Guide Signature of the H.O.D Name Name
  3. 3. OUR OFFICES @CHENNAI/ TRICHY/ KARUR / ERODE / MADURAI / SALEM / COIMBATORE / BANGALORE / HYDRABAD CELL: 9894917187 | 875487 1111 / 2111 / 3111 / 4111 / 5111 / 6111 Visit: www.ecwaytechnologies.com | www.ecwayprojects.com Mail to: ecwaytechnologies@gmail.com ECWAY TECHNOLOGIES IEEE SOFTWARE | EMBEDDED | MECHANICAL | ROBOTICS PROJECTS DEVELOPMENT DECLARATION I hereby declare that the project work entitled “ANALYSIS AND DESIGN OF LLC RESONANT CONVERTERS WITH CAPACITOR–DIODE CLAMP CURRENT LIMITING” Submitted to BHARATHIDASAN UNIVERSITY in partial fulfillment of the requirement for the award of the Degree of MASTER OF APPLIED ELECTRONICS is a record of original work done by me the guidance of Prof.A.Vinayagam M.Sc., M.Phil., M.E., to the best of my knowledge, the work reported here is not a part of any other thesis or work on the basis of which a degree or award was conferred on an earlier occasion to me or any other candidate. (Student Name) (Reg.No) Place: Date:
  4. 4. OUR OFFICES @CHENNAI/ TRICHY/ KARUR / ERODE / MADURAI / SALEM / COIMBATORE / BANGALORE / HYDRABAD CELL: 9894917187 | 875487 1111 / 2111 / 3111 / 4111 / 5111 / 6111 Visit: www.ecwaytechnologies.com | www.ecwayprojects.com Mail to: ecwaytechnologies@gmail.com ECWAY TECHNOLOGIES IEEE SOFTWARE | EMBEDDED | MECHANICAL | ROBOTICS PROJECTS DEVELOPMENT ACKNOWLEDGEMENT I am extremely glad to present my project “ANALYSIS AND DESIGN OF LLC RESONANT CONVERTERS WITH CAPACITOR–DIODE CLAMP CURRENT LIMITING” which is a part of my curriculum of third semester Master of Science in Computer science. I take this opportunity to express my sincere gratitude to those who helped me in bringing out this project work. I would like to express my Director, Dr. K. ANANDAN, M.A.(Eco.), M.Ed., M.Phil.,(Edn.), PGDCA., CGT., M.A.(Psy.) of who had given me an opportunity to undertake this project. I am highly indebted to Co-Ordinator Prof. Muniappan Department of Physics and thank from my deep heart for her valuable comments I received through my project. I wish to express my deep sense of gratitude to my guide Prof. A.Vinayagam M.Sc., M.Phil., M.E., for her immense help and encouragement for successful completion of this project. I also express my sincere thanks to the all the staff members of Computer science for their kind advice. And last, but not the least, I express my deep gratitude to my parents and friends for their encouragement and support throughout the project.
  5. 5. OUR OFFICES @CHENNAI/ TRICHY/ KARUR / ERODE / MADURAI / SALEM / COIMBATORE / BANGALORE / HYDRABAD CELL: 9894917187 | 875487 1111 / 2111 / 3111 / 4111 / 5111 / 6111 Visit: www.ecwaytechnologies.com | www.ecwayprojects.com Mail to: ecwaytechnologies@gmail.com ECWAY TECHNOLOGIES IEEE SOFTWARE | EMBEDDED | MECHANICAL | ROBOTICS PROJECTS DEVELOPMENT ABSTRACT: This paper presents a design methodology for LLC resonant converters with capacitor– diode clamp for current limiting in overload conditions. A new fundamental harmonic approximation-based equivalent circuit model is obtained through the application of describing function techniques, by examining the fundamental behavior of the capacitor–diode clamp. An iterative procedure to determine the conduction point of the diode clamp is also given. The behavior of this type of converter is analyzed and guidelines for designing the current limiting characteristics are discussed. The characterization of a 90 W converter design using the proposed methodology is presented. The converter voltage gain and the voltage–current characteristics under different overload conditions and operating frequencies are predicted using the proposed model, which accuracies are validated against the prototype with good correlation
  6. 6. OUR OFFICES @CHENNAI/ TRICHY/ KARUR / ERODE / MADURAI / SALEM / COIMBATORE / BANGALORE / HYDRABAD CELL: 9894917187 | 875487 1111 / 2111 / 3111 / 4111 / 5111 / 6111 Visit: www.ecwaytechnologies.com | www.ecwayprojects.com Mail to: ecwaytechnologies@gmail.com ECWAY TECHNOLOGIES IEEE SOFTWARE | EMBEDDED | MECHANICAL | ROBOTICS PROJECTS DEVELOPMENT INTRODUCTION: As electronic systems are miniaturized, power supply designers are placed under increasing pressure to reduce the size of their designs, imposing strict requirements on the chosen power supply topology, components, efficiency, and cooling requirements. Size reduction in hard switching converters (e.g., buck converters) can be achieved by increasing the switching frequency, which reduces the size of passive components. The drawback of this approach is the increase in switching losses, ultimately compromising converter efficiency. Resonant converters such as series resonant, parallel resonant, and multi resonant converters overcome this drawback by soft-switching, where the switching devices are switched under zero voltage (ZVS) or zero current (ZCS). One variation of the multi resonant converter, the LLC resonant converter, has become popular due to its narrow range of operating frequency for wide input voltage and load ranges when operated around the converter’s (series) resonant frequency, also referred as the load independent point (LIP). The narrow frequency range is the result of the resonant tank components, Ls and Cr, becoming a virtual short-circuit (zero impedance) at the resonant frequency. The operating frequency is adjusted mainly to compensate for the change in the input voltage with only small adjustments to the frequency to compensate for changes in the load. Unfortunately, due to the low impedance around the LIP, excessive current can flow to the load during transient and overload conditions, and so a current protection mechanism must be included.
  7. 7. OUR OFFICES @CHENNAI/ TRICHY/ KARUR / ERODE / MADURAI / SALEM / COIMBATORE / BANGALORE / HYDRABAD CELL: 9894917187 | 875487 1111 / 2111 / 3111 / 4111 / 5111 / 6111 Visit: www.ecwaytechnologies.com | www.ecwayprojects.com Mail to: ecwaytechnologies@gmail.com ECWAY TECHNOLOGIES IEEE SOFTWARE | EMBEDDED | MECHANICAL | ROBOTICS PROJECTS DEVELOPMENT EXISTING SYSTEM: DAB converter is a preferred option, as it has a small component count, offers isolation, and allows for high power operation. In addition, it has the ability to accommodate a wide range of voltage levels, as it may be controlled to operate in buck or boost modes.
  8. 8. OUR OFFICES @CHENNAI/ TRICHY/ KARUR / ERODE / MADURAI / SALEM / COIMBATORE / BANGALORE / HYDRABAD CELL: 9894917187 | 875487 1111 / 2111 / 3111 / 4111 / 5111 / 6111 Visit: www.ecwaytechnologies.com | www.ecwayprojects.com Mail to: ecwaytechnologies@gmail.com ECWAY TECHNOLOGIES IEEE SOFTWARE | EMBEDDED | MECHANICAL | ROBOTICS PROJECTS DEVELOPMENT PROPOSED SYSTEM: The resonant capacitor of an LLC converter is split into clamped and nonclamped portions to allow the desired current limiting performance to be obtained. A fundamental harmonic approximation (FHA)-based equivalent circuit model, is derived for the converter to predict the current limiting characteristic under overloading
  9. 9. OUR OFFICES @CHENNAI/ TRICHY/ KARUR / ERODE / MADURAI / SALEM / COIMBATORE / BANGALORE / HYDRABAD CELL: 9894917187 | 875487 1111 / 2111 / 3111 / 4111 / 5111 / 6111 Visit: www.ecwaytechnologies.com | www.ecwayprojects.com Mail to: ecwaytechnologies@gmail.com ECWAY TECHNOLOGIES IEEE SOFTWARE | EMBEDDED | MECHANICAL | ROBOTICS PROJECTS DEVELOPMENT ADVANTAGES:
  10. 10. OUR OFFICES @CHENNAI/ TRICHY/ KARUR / ERODE / MADURAI / SALEM / COIMBATORE / BANGALORE / HYDRABAD CELL: 9894917187 | 875487 1111 / 2111 / 3111 / 4111 / 5111 / 6111 Visit: www.ecwaytechnologies.com | www.ecwayprojects.com Mail to: ecwaytechnologies@gmail.com ECWAY TECHNOLOGIES IEEE SOFTWARE | EMBEDDED | MECHANICAL | ROBOTICS PROJECTS DEVELOPMENT BLOCK DIAGRAM:
  11. 11. OUR OFFICES @CHENNAI/ TRICHY/ KARUR / ERODE / MADURAI / SALEM / COIMBATORE / BANGALORE / HYDRABAD CELL: 9894917187 | 875487 1111 / 2111 / 3111 / 4111 / 5111 / 6111 Visit: www.ecwaytechnologies.com | www.ecwayprojects.com Mail to: ecwaytechnologies@gmail.com ECWAY TECHNOLOGIES IEEE SOFTWARE | EMBEDDED | MECHANICAL | ROBOTICS PROJECTS DEVELOPMENT TOOLS AND SOFTWARE USED:  MPLAB – microcontroller programming.  ORCAD – circuit layout.  MATLAB/Simulink – Simulation
  12. 12. OUR OFFICES @CHENNAI/ TRICHY/ KARUR / ERODE / MADURAI / SALEM / COIMBATORE / BANGALORE / HYDRABAD CELL: 9894917187 | 875487 1111 / 2111 / 3111 / 4111 / 5111 / 6111 Visit: www.ecwaytechnologies.com | www.ecwayprojects.com Mail to: ecwaytechnologies@gmail.com ECWAY TECHNOLOGIES IEEE SOFTWARE | EMBEDDED | MECHANICAL | ROBOTICS PROJECTS DEVELOPMENT APPLICATIONS:
  13. 13. OUR OFFICES @CHENNAI/ TRICHY/ KARUR / ERODE / MADURAI / SALEM / COIMBATORE / BANGALORE / HYDRABAD CELL: 9894917187 | 875487 1111 / 2111 / 3111 / 4111 / 5111 / 6111 Visit: www.ecwaytechnologies.com | www.ecwayprojects.com Mail to: ecwaytechnologies@gmail.com ECWAY TECHNOLOGIES IEEE SOFTWARE | EMBEDDED | MECHANICAL | ROBOTICS PROJECTS DEVELOPMENT CONCLUSION: An FHA equivalent circuit model describing the behavior of the LLC resonant converter with the capacitor–diode clamp has been derived using describing function techniques, where the equivalent impedance of the diode/capacitor, Zc, are first obtained using a three step process, after which it is combined with the FHA to allow the resonant current to be found. An iterative procedure for determining the conduction point of the diode clamp has also been detailed. A resonant capacitance sharing ratio B has been introduced to allow the best currentlimiting performance to be analyzed. The presented analysis has shown that in order to obtained the best current limiting characteristic in overload condition, the clamped portion of the resonant capacitors Cc must be selected such that the current clamp starts operating as soon as the maximum load current under the minimum input voltage, is exceeded.A90Wconverter and its diode clampwas designed withA = 5,Qrate = 0.52, and B = 0.3. Using the proposed equivalent circuit model, converter static gain characteristics and the VI characteristics between the rated load and 10 times overloading are predicted using the new nominalized gain equationMg(clmp) .When compared with the experimental measurements taken from the prototype, the overall trend of the practical results follow that of the prediction, at 10 times overloading, output currentwas successfully reduced from 25 to 8 A.
  14. 14. OUR OFFICES @CHENNAI/ TRICHY/ KARUR / ERODE / MADURAI / SALEM / COIMBATORE / BANGALORE / HYDRABAD CELL: 9894917187 | 875487 1111 / 2111 / 3111 / 4111 / 5111 / 6111 Visit: www.ecwaytechnologies.com | www.ecwayprojects.com Mail to: ecwaytechnologies@gmail.com ECWAY TECHNOLOGIES IEEE SOFTWARE | EMBEDDED | MECHANICAL | ROBOTICS PROJECTS DEVELOPMENT REFERENCES: [1] R. L. Steigerwald, “A comparison of half-bridge resonant converter topologies,” IEEE Trans. Power Electron., vol. 3, no. 2, pp. 174–182, Apr. 1988. [2] I. Batarseh, “Resonant converter topologies with three and four energy storage elements,” IEEE Trans. Power Electron., vol. 9, no. 1, pp. 64–73, Jan. 1994. [3] “An introduction to LLC resonant half-bridge converter,” ST Application note AN2644 (rev 2), 2008. [4] H. Hu, X. Fang, F. Chen, Z. J. Shen, and I. Batarseh, “A modified high efficiency LLC converter with two transformers for wide input voltage range applications,” IEEE Trans. Power Electron., vol. 28, no. 4, pp. 1946– 1960, Apr. 2013. [5] B.-C. Kim, K.-B. Park, C.-E. Kim, B.-H. Lee, and G.-W. Moon, “LLC resonant converter with adaptive link-voltage variation for a high-powerdensity adapter,” IEEE Trans. Power Electron., vol. 25, no. 9, pp. 2248– 2252, Sep. 2012.

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