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An improved hybrid dstatcom topology to compensate reactive and nonlinear loads

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An improved hybrid dstatcom topology to compensate reactive and nonlinear loads

  1. 1. OUR OFFICES @CHENNAI/ TRICHY/ KARUR / ERODE / MADURAI / SALEM / COIMBATORE / BANGALORE / HYDRABAD CELL: 9894917187 | 875487 1111 / 2111 / 3111 / 4111 / 5111 / 6111 Visit: www.ecwaytechnologies.com | www.ecwayprojects.com Mail to: ecwaytechnologies@gmail.com ECWAY TECHNOLOGIES IEEE SOFTWARE | EMBEDDED | MECHANICAL | ROBOTICS PROJECTS DEVELOPMENT AN IMPROVED HYBRID DSTATCOM TOPOLOGY TO COMPENSATE REACTIVE AND NONLINEAR LOADS By A PROJECT REPORT Submitted to the Department of electronics & communication Engineering in the FACULTY OF ENGINEERING & TECHNOLOGY In partial fulfillment of the requirements for the award of the degree Of MASTER OF TECHNOLOGY IN ELECTRONICS & COMMUNICATION ENGINEERING APRIL 2016
  2. 2. OUR OFFICES @CHENNAI/ TRICHY/ KARUR / ERODE / MADURAI / SALEM / COIMBATORE / BANGALORE / HYDRABAD CELL: 9894917187 | 875487 1111 / 2111 / 3111 / 4111 / 5111 / 6111 Visit: www.ecwaytechnologies.com | www.ecwayprojects.com Mail to: ecwaytechnologies@gmail.com ECWAY TECHNOLOGIES IEEE SOFTWARE | EMBEDDED | MECHANICAL | ROBOTICS PROJECTS DEVELOPMENT CERTIFICATE Certified that this project report titled “AN IMPROVED HYBRID DSTATCOM TOPOLOGY TO COMPENSATE REACTIVE AND NONLINEAR LOADS” is the bonafide work of Mr. _____________Who carried out the research under my supervision Certified further, that to the best of my knowledge the work reported herein does not form part of any other project report or dissertation on the basis of which a degree or award was conferred on an earlier occasion on this or any other candidate. Signature of the Guide Signature of the H.O.D Name Name
  3. 3. OUR OFFICES @CHENNAI/ TRICHY/ KARUR / ERODE / MADURAI / SALEM / COIMBATORE / BANGALORE / HYDRABAD CELL: 9894917187 | 875487 1111 / 2111 / 3111 / 4111 / 5111 / 6111 Visit: www.ecwaytechnologies.com | www.ecwayprojects.com Mail to: ecwaytechnologies@gmail.com ECWAY TECHNOLOGIES IEEE SOFTWARE | EMBEDDED | MECHANICAL | ROBOTICS PROJECTS DEVELOPMENT DECLARATION I hereby declare that the project work entitled “AN IMPROVED HYBRID DSTATCOM TOPOLOGY TO COMPENSATE REACTIVE AND NONLINEAR LOADS” Submitted to BHARATHIDASAN UNIVERSITY in partial fulfillment of the requirement for the award of the Degree of MASTER OF APPLIED ELECTRONICS is a record of original work done by me the guidance of Prof.A.Vinayagam M.Sc., M.Phil., M.E., to the best of my knowledge, the work reported here is not a part of any other thesis or work on the basis of which a degree or award was conferred on an earlier occasion to me or any other candidate. (Student Name) (Reg.No) Place: Date: ACKNOWLEDGEMENT
  4. 4. OUR OFFICES @CHENNAI/ TRICHY/ KARUR / ERODE / MADURAI / SALEM / COIMBATORE / BANGALORE / HYDRABAD CELL: 9894917187 | 875487 1111 / 2111 / 3111 / 4111 / 5111 / 6111 Visit: www.ecwaytechnologies.com | www.ecwayprojects.com Mail to: ecwaytechnologies@gmail.com ECWAY TECHNOLOGIES IEEE SOFTWARE | EMBEDDED | MECHANICAL | ROBOTICS PROJECTS DEVELOPMENT I am extremely glad to present my project “AN IMPROVED HYBRID DSTATCOM TOPOLOGY TO COMPENSATE REACTIVE AND NONLINEAR LOADS” which is a part of my curriculum of third semester Master of Science in Computer science. I take this opportunity to express my sincere gratitude to those who helped me in bringing out this project work. I would like to express my Director, Dr. K. ANANDAN, M.A.(Eco.), M.Ed., M.Phil.,(Edn.), PGDCA., CGT., M.A.(Psy.) of who had given me an opportunity to undertake this project. I am highly indebted to Co-Ordinator Prof. Muniappan Department of Physics and thank from my deep heart for her valuable comments I received through my project. I wish to express my deep sense of gratitude to my guide Prof. A.Vinayagam M.Sc., M.Phil., M.E., for her immense help and encouragement for successful completion of this project. I also express my sincere thanks to the all the staff members of Computer science for their kind advice. And last, but not the least, I express my deep gratitude to my parents and friends for their encouragement and support throughout the project.
  5. 5. OUR OFFICES @CHENNAI/ TRICHY/ KARUR / ERODE / MADURAI / SALEM / COIMBATORE / BANGALORE / HYDRABAD CELL: 9894917187 | 875487 1111 / 2111 / 3111 / 4111 / 5111 / 6111 Visit: www.ecwaytechnologies.com | www.ecwayprojects.com Mail to: ecwaytechnologies@gmail.com ECWAY TECHNOLOGIES IEEE SOFTWARE | EMBEDDED | MECHANICAL | ROBOTICS PROJECTS DEVELOPMENT ABSTRACT: This paper proposes an improved hybrid distribution static compensator (DSTATCOM) topology to address some practical issues such as power rating, filter size, compensation performance, and power loss. An LCL filter has been used at the front end of a voltage source inverter (VSI), which provides better switching harmonics elimination while using much smaller value of an inductor as compared with the traditional L filter. A capacitor is used in series with an LCL filter to reduce the dc-link voltage of the DSTATCOM. This consequently reduces the power rating of the VSI.With reduced dc-link voltage, the voltage across the shunt capacitor of theLCLfilter will be also less. It will reduce the power losses in the damping resistor as compared with the traditionalLCLfilter with passive damping. Therefore, the proposed DSTATCOM topology will have reduced weight, cost, rating, and size with improved efficiency and current compensation capability compared with the traditional topology. A systematic procedure to design the components of the passive filter has been presented. The effectiveness of the proposed DSTATCOM topology over traditional topologies is validated through both simulation and experimental studies.
  6. 6. OUR OFFICES @CHENNAI/ TRICHY/ KARUR / ERODE / MADURAI / SALEM / COIMBATORE / BANGALORE / HYDRABAD CELL: 9894917187 | 875487 1111 / 2111 / 3111 / 4111 / 5111 / 6111 Visit: www.ecwaytechnologies.com | www.ecwayprojects.com Mail to: ecwaytechnologies@gmail.com ECWAY TECHNOLOGIES IEEE SOFTWARE | EMBEDDED | MECHANICAL | ROBOTICS PROJECTS DEVELOPMENT INTRODUCTION: Traditionally, static capacitors and passive filters have been utilized to improve power quality (PQ) in a distribution system. However, these usually have problems such as fixed compensation, system-parameter-dependent performance, and possible resonance with line reactance. A distribution static compensator (DSTATCOM) has been proposed in the literature to overcome these drawbacks. It injects reactive and harmonics component of load currents to make source currents balanced, sinusoidal, and in phase with the load voltages. However, a traditional DSTATCOM requires a high-power-rating voltage source inverter (VSI) for load compensation. The power rating of the DSTATCOM is directly proportional to the current to be compensated and the dc-link voltage. Generally, the dc-link voltage is maintained at much higher value than the maximum value of the phase-to-neutral voltage in a three-phase four-wire system for satisfactory compensation (in a three-phase three-wire system, it is higher than the phase-to-phase voltage). However, a higher dc-link voltage increases the rating of the VSI, makes the VSI heavy, and results in higher voltage rating of insulated gate bipolar transistor (IGBT) switches. It leads to the increase in the cost, size, weight, and power rating of the VSI. Some hybrid topologies have been proposed to consider the aforementioned limitations of the traditional DSTATCOM, where a reduced rating active filter is used with the passive Components hybrid filters for motor drive applications have been proposed. In , authors have achieved a reduction in the dc-link voltage for reactive load compensation. However, the reduction in voltage is limited due to the use of an L-type interfacing filter. This also makes the filter bigger in size and has a lower slew rate for reference tracking.
  7. 7. OUR OFFICES @CHENNAI/ TRICHY/ KARUR / ERODE / MADURAI / SALEM / COIMBATORE / BANGALORE / HYDRABAD CELL: 9894917187 | 875487 1111 / 2111 / 3111 / 4111 / 5111 / 6111 Visit: www.ecwaytechnologies.com | www.ecwayprojects.com Mail to: ecwaytechnologies@gmail.com ECWAY TECHNOLOGIES IEEE SOFTWARE | EMBEDDED | MECHANICAL | ROBOTICS PROJECTS DEVELOPMENT An LCL filter has been proposed as the front end of the VSI in the literature to overcome the limitations of an L filter [22]–[25]. It provides better reference tracking performance while using much lower value of passive components. This also reduces the cost, weight, and size of the passive component. However, the LCL filter uses a similar dc-link voltage as that of DSTATCOM employing an L filter. Hence, disadvantages due to high dc-link voltage are still present when the LCL filter is used. Another serious issue is resonance damping of the LCL filter, which may push the system toward instability
  8. 8. OUR OFFICES @CHENNAI/ TRICHY/ KARUR / ERODE / MADURAI / SALEM / COIMBATORE / BANGALORE / HYDRABAD CELL: 9894917187 | 875487 1111 / 2111 / 3111 / 4111 / 5111 / 6111 Visit: www.ecwaytechnologies.com | www.ecwayprojects.com Mail to: ecwaytechnologies@gmail.com ECWAY TECHNOLOGIES IEEE SOFTWARE | EMBEDDED | MECHANICAL | ROBOTICS PROJECTS DEVELOPMENT EXISTING SYSTEM: A DSTATCOM is a controlled reactive source, which includes a Voltage Source Converter (VSC) and a DC link capacitor connected in shunt, capable of generating and/or absorbing reactive power. The operating principles of a DSTATCOM are based on the exact equivalence of the conventional rotating synchronous compensator. The AC terminals of the VSC are connected to the Point of Common Coupling (PCC) through an inductance, which could be a filter inductance or the leakage inductance of the coupling transformer, 1.The DC side of the converter is connected to a DC capacitor, which carries the input ripple current of the converter and is the main reactive energy storage element
  9. 9. OUR OFFICES @CHENNAI/ TRICHY/ KARUR / ERODE / MADURAI / SALEM / COIMBATORE / BANGALORE / HYDRABAD CELL: 9894917187 | 875487 1111 / 2111 / 3111 / 4111 / 5111 / 6111 Visit: www.ecwaytechnologies.com | www.ecwayprojects.com Mail to: ecwaytechnologies@gmail.com ECWAY TECHNOLOGIES IEEE SOFTWARE | EMBEDDED | MECHANICAL | ROBOTICS PROJECTS DEVELOPMENT PROPOSED SYSTEM: This project proposes an improved hybrid distribution static compensator (DSTATCOM) topology to address some practical issues such as power rating, filter size, compensation performance, and power loss. An LCL filter has been used at the front end of a voltage source inverter (VSI), which provides better switching harmonics elimination while using much smaller value of an inductor as compared with the traditional L filter. A capacitor is used in series with an LCL filter to reduce the dc-link voltage of the DSTATCOM. A three-phase equivalent circuit diagram of the proposed DSTATCOM topology is shown in Fig. 1. It is realized using a three-phase four-wire two-level neutral-point-clamped VSI. The proposed scheme connects an LCL filter at the front end of the VSI, which is followed by a series capacitor Cse. Introduction of the LCL filter significantly reduces the size of the passive component and improves the reference tracking performance. Addition of the series capacitor reduces the dc-link voltage and, therefore, the power rating of the VSI. Here, R1 and L1 represent the resistance and inductance, respectively, at the VSI side; R2 and L2 represent the resistance and inductance, respectively, at the load side; and C is the filter capacitance forming the LCL filter part in all three phases. A damping resistance Rd is used in series with C to damp out resonance and to provide passive damping to the overall system
  10. 10. OUR OFFICES @CHENNAI/ TRICHY/ KARUR / ERODE / MADURAI / SALEM / COIMBATORE / BANGALORE / HYDRABAD CELL: 9894917187 | 875487 1111 / 2111 / 3111 / 4111 / 5111 / 6111 Visit: www.ecwaytechnologies.com | www.ecwayprojects.com Mail to: ecwaytechnologies@gmail.com ECWAY TECHNOLOGIES IEEE SOFTWARE | EMBEDDED | MECHANICAL | ROBOTICS PROJECTS DEVELOPMENT ADVANTAGES:  The voltage across, and therefore the current through the shunt part of the LCL filter, is greatly reduced.  An LCL filter has been used at the front end of a voltage source inverter (VSI), which provides better switching harmonics elimination while using much smaller value of an inductor as compared with the traditional L filter.  It will reduce the power losses in the damping resistor as compared with the traditional LCL filter with passive damping.  The proposed DSTATCOM topology will have reduced weight, cost, rating, and size with improved efficiency and current compensation capability compared with the traditional topology.
  11. 11. OUR OFFICES @CHENNAI/ TRICHY/ KARUR / ERODE / MADURAI / SALEM / COIMBATORE / BANGALORE / HYDRABAD CELL: 9894917187 | 875487 1111 / 2111 / 3111 / 4111 / 5111 / 6111 Visit: www.ecwaytechnologies.com | www.ecwayprojects.com Mail to: ecwaytechnologies@gmail.com ECWAY TECHNOLOGIES IEEE SOFTWARE | EMBEDDED | MECHANICAL | ROBOTICS PROJECTS DEVELOPMENT BLOCK DIAGRAM:
  12. 12. OUR OFFICES @CHENNAI/ TRICHY/ KARUR / ERODE / MADURAI / SALEM / COIMBATORE / BANGALORE / HYDRABAD CELL: 9894917187 | 875487 1111 / 2111 / 3111 / 4111 / 5111 / 6111 Visit: www.ecwaytechnologies.com | www.ecwayprojects.com Mail to: ecwaytechnologies@gmail.com ECWAY TECHNOLOGIES IEEE SOFTWARE | EMBEDDED | MECHANICAL | ROBOTICS PROJECTS DEVELOPMENT TOOLS AND SOFTWARE USED:  MPLAB – microcontroller programming.  ORCAD – circuit layout.  MATLAB/Simulink – Simulation
  13. 13. OUR OFFICES @CHENNAI/ TRICHY/ KARUR / ERODE / MADURAI / SALEM / COIMBATORE / BANGALORE / HYDRABAD CELL: 9894917187 | 875487 1111 / 2111 / 3111 / 4111 / 5111 / 6111 Visit: www.ecwaytechnologies.com | www.ecwayprojects.com Mail to: ecwaytechnologies@gmail.com ECWAY TECHNOLOGIES IEEE SOFTWARE | EMBEDDED | MECHANICAL | ROBOTICS PROJECTS DEVELOPMENT APPLICATIONS:  Unbalance compensation  Reactive power compensation
  14. 14. OUR OFFICES @CHENNAI/ TRICHY/ KARUR / ERODE / MADURAI / SALEM / COIMBATORE / BANGALORE / HYDRABAD CELL: 9894917187 | 875487 1111 / 2111 / 3111 / 4111 / 5111 / 6111 Visit: www.ecwaytechnologies.com | www.ecwayprojects.com Mail to: ecwaytechnologies@gmail.com ECWAY TECHNOLOGIES IEEE SOFTWARE | EMBEDDED | MECHANICAL | ROBOTICS PROJECTS DEVELOPMENT CONCLUSION: In this paper, design and operation of an improved hybrid DSTATCOM topology is proposed to compensate reactive and harmonics loads. The hybrid interfacing filter used here consists of an LCL filter followed by a series capacitor. This topology provides improved load current compensation capabilities while using reduced dc-link voltage and interfacing filter inductance. Moreover, the current through the shunt capacitor and the damping power losses are significantly reduced compared with the LCL filter-based DSTATCOM topology. These contribute significant reduction in cost, weight, size, and power rating of the traditional DSTATCOM topology. Effectiveness of the proposed topology has been validated through extensive computer simulations and experimental studies.
  15. 15. OUR OFFICES @CHENNAI/ TRICHY/ KARUR / ERODE / MADURAI / SALEM / COIMBATORE / BANGALORE / HYDRABAD CELL: 9894917187 | 875487 1111 / 2111 / 3111 / 4111 / 5111 / 6111 Visit: www.ecwaytechnologies.com | www.ecwayprojects.com Mail to: ecwaytechnologies@gmail.com ECWAY TECHNOLOGIES IEEE SOFTWARE | EMBEDDED | MECHANICAL | ROBOTICS PROJECTS DEVELOPMENT REFERENCES: [1] S. Ostroznik, P. Bajec, and P. Zajec, “A study of a hybrid filter,” IEEE Trans. Ind. Electron., vol. 57, no. 3, pp. 935–942, Mar. 2010. [2] A. Ghosh and G. F. Ledwich, Power Quality Enhancement Using Custom Power Devices.. Norwell, MA, USA: Kluwer, 2002 [3] H. Hu, W. Shi, Y. Lu, and Y. Xing, “Design considerations for DSPcontrolled 400 Hz shunt active power filter in an aircraft power system,” IEEE Trans. Ind. Electron, vol. 59, no. 9, pp. 3624–3634, Sep. 2012. [4] B. Singh and S. Arya, “Back-propagation control algorithm for power quality improvement using DSTATCOM,” IEEE Trans. Ind. Electron., vol. 61, no. 3, pp. 1204–1212, Mar. 2014. [5] B. Singh and S. Arya, “Implementation of single-phase enhanced phaselocked loop-based control algorithm for three-phase DSTATCOM,” IEEE Trans. Power Del., vol. 28, no. 3, pp. 1516–1524, Jul. 2013.
  16. 16. OUR OFFICES @CHENNAI/ TRICHY/ KARUR / ERODE / MADURAI / SALEM / COIMBATORE / BANGALORE / HYDRABAD CELL: 9894917187 | 875487 1111 / 2111 / 3111 / 4111 / 5111 / 6111 Visit: www.ecwaytechnologies.com | www.ecwayprojects.com Mail to: ecwaytechnologies@gmail.com ECWAY TECHNOLOGIES IEEE SOFTWARE | EMBEDDED | MECHANICAL | ROBOTICS PROJECTS DEVELOPMENT

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