IEA - I Workshop em pressão intracraniana - Parte 6


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Evento organizado pelo IEA polo Ribeirão Preto.

Tema: I Workshop em pressão intracraniana

Palestra do Prof. Alberto Tannús

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IEA - I Workshop em pressão intracraniana - Parte 6

  1. 1. Simpósio PICMI - Outubro/2011
  2. 2. Simpósio PICMI - Outubro/2011A Ressonância Magnética como um método de aferição da PIC Alberto TannúsCIERMag – IFSC - USP
  3. 3. Simpósio PICMI - Outubro/2011 Major items of this talk: Basic ideas for verifying ICP; MRI methodologies; Existing facility
  4. 4. Simpósio PICMI - Outubro/2011 Changes in morphology: • An increased ICP would show as enlarged ventricles, which can be seen in the transverse sectioning; • Optic Nerve Sheath Diameter (ONSD) – US -> MRI: Increased ICP is transmitted through the cerebrospinal fluid surrounding the optic nerve, causing distention of the optic nerve sheath diameter ( • retro-bulbar optic nerve sheath diameter (ONSD) above 5.82mm predicts raised ICP in 90% of cases ( 0910210531.htm)
  5. 5. Simpósio PICMI - Outubro/2011From Geeraerts T et al., Crit Care. 2008;12(5):R114
  6. 6. Simpósio PICMI - Outubro/2011 Changes in morphology continued: • Measurement of intracranial compliance (ICC) with dynamic magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of blood and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) flows to and from the brain (research of N J Alperin from University of Illinois at Chicago) ; (Alperin et al Acta Neurochirurgica Supplementum, 2005, Volume 95, Part 4, 191-193) • MR imaging of the optic nerves and pituitary gland provided important clues for the diagnosis of idiopathic intracranial hypertension and showed a return to normal appearance after normalization of CSF pressure (Suzuki et al, AJNR Am J Neuroradiol 22:196–199, January 2001)
  7. 7. Simpósio PICMI - Outubro/2011 Flow and perfusion methods: • Cerebral Blood Flow and ICP: results demonstrated that CBF values span over a much narrower range as compared with ICP. It means no correlation, due to self regulatory mechanism of TCBF. (Alperin et al, ib.) • Gives rise to correlations of blood flow (velocity and profile) with TCBF; (one of our proposals.)
  8. 8. Simpósio PICMI - Outubro/2011 Major items of this talk: Basic ideas for verifying ICP; MRI methodologies; Existing facility
  9. 9. Simpósio PICMI - Outubro/2011 Morphology: • Conventional imaging methods – RARE, TSE, IRSE etc.; • Fast Imaging methods – EPI; • Short TE methods – UTE, ZTE etc.; Flow and diffusion: • Diffusion weighted imaging – DWI; • Image phase map for flow measurements; • Imaging methods for transverse velocity profile; • Spin Labeling for CBF and TCBF estimates – ASL, CASL, PASL.
  10. 10. Simpósio PICMI - Outubro/2011 Major items of this talk: Basic ideas for verifying ICP; MRI methodologies; Existing facility
  11. 11. Simpósio PICMI - Outubro/2011 CIERMag (Centro de Imagens e Espectroscopia in vivo por RM): • One 2.0 Tesla 31 cm horizontal magnet running with a Bruker electronics (Avance III/ Paravision 5.1); • Capable to perform ANY MRI/MRS methodology; • MRI and MRS Probes for small rodents and small primates (up to 450g), and for different nuclear species on demand; • Pending conclusion of special facility to accommodate a 4.7 Tesla 33 cm bore horizontal magnet; • Pending conclusion of the fully Digital MRI/MRS Spectrometer to operate this and other systems (ToRM 15 Project);
  12. 12. Simpósio PICMI - Outubro/2011 CITESC (Ciencia, Inovação e Tecnologia em Saúde, unidade de São Carlos): • One 1.5 Tesla whole body scanner with patient/ volunteer agenda (clinical research); • One 1.5 Tesla (or one 0.35 Tesla) whole body scanner for technological development (may be used for clinical experiments on new methodologies involving hardware development);
  13. 13. Simpósio PICMI - Outubro/2011 Probes: why focus on them? Diversity of anatomies – no single probe for all studies; Studies at the limit of sensitivity; Large number of nuclei of interest; Methodologies requiring dedicated hardware (e. g. split transmit coil ASL – avoid MT); Flexibility of studies – would you touch a US$35k probe to configure it for a new experiment? Better build your own!!
  14. 14. Simpósio PICMI - Outubro/2011 Our best approach: Double Crossed Saddle Tune & match circuit“Double crosses” (outperforms) the equivalent Birdcage structure
  15. 15. Simpósio PICMI - Outubro/2011 Latest developed probes:Receiving coils for rodents – surface coils C CM C C CT RFout Tune & match circuit on reception
  16. 16. Simpósio PICMI - Outubro/2011Rodents brain surface coils*: Anesthetics Motion mask restriction * Tested also as transmit/receive
  17. 17. Simpósio PICMI - Outubro/2011Results: Double Crossed Saddle Actually a 20/31 system for now
  18. 18. Simpósio PICMI - Outubro/2011Thank you!